Zimbabwe


Zimbabwe Country Report: GDP data and GDP forecasts; economic, financial and trade information; the best banks in Zimbabwe; country and population overview

DATA ON GDP AND ECONOMIC INFORMATION
Central bank Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
International Reserves N/A
Gross Domestic Product - GDP US$ 10.142 billion (2009 estimate)
GDP (Purchasing Power Parity) 6.495 billion of International dollars (2009 estimate)
Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A -3.7% -3.7% -17.6%
2009 2010 2011 2012*
5.8% 8.1% 9.3% 4.7%

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices US$ 806 (2000 estimate)
GDP per capita - PPP $516 International Dollars (2000 estimate)
GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
N/A N/A N/A 0.01% 0.01%

**Forecast

GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 20.4% 
  • industry: 24.6% 
  • services: 54.9% (2011 estimate)
  • (Data released on February 2012)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (% of GDP) N/A

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
6.2%(2008) 3% 3.5% 6.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
N/A N/A N/A(2009) N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates N/A

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
91.5% 95% 56.5% 70.3% 68.8%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
-2.7% -2.9% -0.3% -2.1% -4.4%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
US$3.83 billion US$11.48 billion US$10.9 billion
Largest companies in Zimbabwe N/A
DATA ON TRADE AND COMPETITIVENESS
Current account balance US$ -1.6 billion (2010 estimate)(After 2008)
Current account balance by percentage of GDP -15.7% of GDP (2009 estimate)(2009)
Exports as percent of GDP

(Exports of goods and services)

48.3% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export 0.02%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export 0% (2010)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports US$3.314 billion (2012 estimate) 
Export commodities platinum, cotton, tobacco, gold, ferroalloys, textiles/clothing
Total imports US$4.675 billion (2012 estimate) 
Import commodities machinery and transport equipment, other manufactures, chemicals, fuels, food products
Exports - major partners China 18.1%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 12.5%, South Africa 11.3%, Botswana 11.2%, Italy 6.5% (2011)
Imports - major partners South Africa 53.9%, China 9.4% (2011)
FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$105 million US$166 million(2009) US$387 million(2009)
FDI outflows
2009 2010 2011
N/A US$43 million US$14 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
US$1 million N/A(2009) N/A(2009) N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010

(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A click here )

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011

(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A click here )

Best countries for doing business

World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

(Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 172 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 143 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 111 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 85 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 129 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 128 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 167 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 134 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 170 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 157 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 169 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking
(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)
132

(2012)

Index of Economic Freedom

WSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 178 Score: 26.3 (Repressed) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

COUNTRY AND POPULATION OVERVIEW
Time zone UTC+2
Total area 390,757 km2 (2006)
Capital Harare (2009)
Currency Zimbabwean dollars (ZWD) (2009)
Government type parliamentary democracy (2009)
Languages English (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects
Religions syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%
Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
7.09 million 9.79 million 11.7 million 12.58 million 12.58 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
12.6% 22.4% 33.8% 38.6%
Population median age 19 years (2010)
Population growth rate 1.4% (2011)
Life expectancy 50 years (2010)
Adult literacy 92% (2005/2010)
% of population living on less than $2 a day N/A
Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

50.1 (1995)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:6
Civil Liberties:6 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

74.92% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population 15.7% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)
Cost of living - Mercer index

(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Harare: 173rd (2011)

CO2 emissions
(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.7146 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

GLOBAL FINANCE RANKINGS AND AWARDS

WORLD'S BEST INTERNET BANKS

2009:
  • COUNTRY WINNERS / Best Corporate / Institutional Internet Banks Standard Chartered (National, 2009)

WORLD'S BEST EMERGING MARKET BANKS

2012:
  • COUNTRY WINNERS Standard Chartered Bank Zimbabwe (National, 2012)
ARTICLES AND COUNTRIES REPORTS FROM GLOBAL FINANCE ARCHIVE