Source
Central bank

Bank of Afghanistan

International Reserves

USD 6.3 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 19.3 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 67.7 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
5.4% 13.3% 3.9% 20.6% 8.4% 6.5% 14%
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*    
3.9% 1.3% 0.8% 2% 3.4%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 576.3 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 2,022.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
N/A N/A N/A 0.05% 0.05%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 24% 
  • industry: 21% 
  • services: 55%

(2014 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
7.4% 4.7% -1.5% 4.5% 6.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
6.7% 6.4% 6.2% 6.8% 6.9%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
-0.6% -1.7% -1.4% 0.1% 0%

*Estimate 

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Afghanistan

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD 0.2 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

1.1% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

7.1% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.003% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.02% (2015)

Total exports

USD 658.0 millions (2014 estimate)

Export commodities

Opium, fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems

Total imports

USD 7.0 billion (2014 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and other capital goods, food, textiles, petroleum products

Exports - major partners

India 42.3%, Pakistan 29%, Tajikistan 7.6% (2015)

Imports - major partners

Pakistan 38.6%, India 8.9%, US 8.3%, Turkmenistan 6.2%, China 6%, Kazakhstan 5.9%, Azerbaijan 4.9% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 69 million USD 54 million USD 58 million
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 183 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 42 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 180 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 186 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 101 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 189 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 175 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 163 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 186 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 159 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 159 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

N/A

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

N/A

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+4.5

Total area

652,230 sq km

Capital

Kabul

Currency

Afghani (AFN)

Government type

Islamic republic

Languages

Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca

Religions

Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
N/A N/A 28.398 million 31.28 million 34.935 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
8% 16% 21% 26%
Population median age

18.1 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

2.29% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

50.49 years  (2014 est.)

Adult literacy

28.1% (2000 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 6
Civil Liberties: 6 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 0.3%   Mobile 70.0% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)
 

Internet users as % of total population

5.90% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.3 (2010)

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