Source
Central bank

Bank of Afghanistan

International Reserves

US$ 6.345 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2012)

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 19.669 billion (2010 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

32.271 billion of International dollars (2010 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
N/A N/A 15.1% 8.8% 16.1% 8.2% 14.2% 3.6%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
21% 8.4% 5.7% 7.2%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 614 (2007 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$1,008 International Dollars (2007 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
N/A N/A N/A 0.04% 0.04%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 31.6% 
  • industry: 26.3% 
  • services: 42.1% (2008 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
-12.2%(2008) 7.7% 11.2% 4.5%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
N/A N/A N/A(2009) N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
-4.1% -1.6% 0.9% 0.1% -1.5%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Afghanistan

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -214 million (2009 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-1.1% of GDP (2009 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

15.5% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

N/A(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$376 million (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

opium, fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems

Total imports

US$6.39 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and other capital goods, food, textiles, petroleum products

Exports - major partners

Pakistan 31.4%, India 28.8%, Tajikistan 8.3%, Russia 5.2%, Bangladesh 4.7% (2011)

Imports - major partners

US 31.4%, Pakistan 20.8%, Russia 8.4%, India 5.6%, Germany 4.1% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$76 million US$211 million(2009) US$83 million(2009)
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A(2009) N/A(2009) N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 168 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 28 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 164 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 174 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 154 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 185 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 178 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 94 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 164 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 110 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 115 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

N/A

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

N/A (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

652,090 km2 (2006)

Capital

Kabul (2009)

Currency

Afghani (AFN) (2009)

Government type

Islamic republic (2009)

Languages

Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism

Religions

Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
N/A N/A N/A 32.02 million 37.12 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
8% 15.7% 21.3% 23.5%
Population median age

17 years (2010)

Population growth rate

2.7% (2011)

Life expectancy

48 years (2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

27.82 (2008)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:6
Civil Liberties:6 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

54.3% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

5% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.2065 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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