Source
Central bank

Bank of Algeria

International Reserves

USD 144.9 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 178.4 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 640.6 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
1.7% 3.4% 2.4% 1.6% 3.6% 2.8% 3.3%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
2.8% 3.8% 3.9% 3.6% 2.9%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 4,295.7 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 15,422.5 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.67% 0.65% 0.52% 0.52% 0.5%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 13.1% 
  • industry: 38.7% 
  • services: 48.2%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
3.3% 2.9% 4.8% 5.9% 4.8%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
9.8% 10.6% 11.2% 9.9% 10.4%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
7.7% 8% 9.1% 13% 17.1%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-0.4% -7.3% -16.2% -12.9% -9.3%

*Estimate  

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -24.5 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-13.7% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

30.5% (2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.2% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.08% (2015)

Total exports

USD 26.9 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97% (2009 est.)

Total imports

USD 44.6 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Exports - major partners

Spain 18.8%, France 11.2%, US 8.8%, Italy 8.7%, UK 7.1%, Brazil 5.2%, Tunisia 4.9%, Germany 4.5% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 15.6%, France 14.4%, Italy 9.4%, Spain 7.4%, Germany 5.6%, Russia 4.1% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 1,693 million USD 1,507 million USD -587 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD -268 million USD -18 million USD 103 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A USD 312.2 million USD 37.8 million N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 156 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 142 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 102 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 162 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 175 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 173 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 178 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 155 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 77 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 118 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 74 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

87 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 154 / Score: 50.06 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

2,381,741 sq km

Capital

Algiers

Currency

Algerian dinars (DZD)

Government type

Presidential republic

Languages

Arabic (official), French (lingua franca), Berber or Tamazight (official); dialects include Kabyle Berber (Taqbaylit), Shawiya Berber (Tacawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq)

Religions

Muslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian and Jewish) <1% (2012 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
25.022 million 30.506 million 35.978 million 40.762 million 44.609 million

*Estimate

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
31% 44% 60% 71%
Population median age

27.8 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

1.77% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

76.8 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 80.2%
Male: 87.2%
Female: 73.1% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write) 

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 6
Civil Liberties: 5 (2017)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 8.04%   Mobile 106.38% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

38.2% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Algiers: 185th (2016)

CO2 emissions

3.5 (2013)

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