Source
Central bank

Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan

International Reserves

USD 1.1 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 2.3 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 7.0 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
7% 12.6% 10.8% 5.7% 9.3% 9.7% 6.4%
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*    
3.6% 3.8% 5.2% 6% 6.4%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 2,799.9 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 8,695.2 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0% 0% 0% 0.01% 0.006%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 16.4%
  • industry: 42.1%
  • services: 41.5%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
11.3% 9.9% 6.3% 4.4% 4.6%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
3.2% 3.2% 3.2% 3.2% 3.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
93.6% 93.8% 94.8% 104.1% 111.5%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
-5.8% 2.9% -0.2% -0.7% -2.5%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Bhutan

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -461 million (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-22.627% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

37.6% (2013)

(Data released on Oct 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$721.8 million (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

electricity (to India), ferrosilicon, cement, calcium carbide, copper wire, manganese, vegetable oil

Total imports

US$1.28 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

fuel and lubricants, passenger cars, machinery and parts, fabrics, rice

Exports - major partners

India 83.8%, Hong Kong 10.8% (2013 est.)

Imports - major partners

India 72.3%, South Korea 6% (2013 est.)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ 26 million US$ 22 million US$ 21 million
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 141 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 86 out of 189 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 37 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 86 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 109 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 147 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 172 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 104 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 132 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 91 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 189 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

103

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 116 Score: 56.7 (Mostly Unfree) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+6

Total area

38,394 sq km

Capital

Thimphu

Currency

ngultrum (BTN)

Government type

constitutional monarchy

Languages

Sharchhopka 28%, Dzongkha (official) 24%, Lhotshamkha 22%, other 26% (includes foreign languages) (2005 est.)

Religions

Lamaistic Buddhist 75.3%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 22.1%, other 2.6% (2005 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
0.559 million 0.571 million 0.726 million 0.746 million 0.754 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
3.6% 10.1% 25% 37%
Population median age

26.2 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

1.13% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

68.98 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

52.8% (2005 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

15.2% (2012)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

38.7 (2012)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 3
Civil Liberties: 4 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 3.5%   Mobile 72.2% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

29.90% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.7 (2010)