Source
Central bank

Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan

International Reserves

USD 1.1 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 2.3 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 7.0 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
7% 12.6% 10.8% 5.7% 9.3% 9.7% 6.4%
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*    
3.6% 3.8% 5.2% 6% 6.4%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 2,799.9 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 8,695.2 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0% 0% 0% 0.01% 0.006%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 16.4%
  • industry: 42.1%
  • services: 41.5%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
11.3% 9.9% 6.3% 4.4% 4.6%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
3.2% 3.2% 3.2% 3.2% 3.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
93.6% 93.8% 94.8% 104.1% 111.5%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
-5.8% 2.9% -0.2% -0.7% -2.5%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Bhutan

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -0.7 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-31.5% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

32.9% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.004% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.003% (2015)

Total exports

USD 500.0 millions (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Electricity (to India), ferrosilicon, cement, calcium carbide, copper wire, manganese, vegetable oil

Total imports

USD 1.1 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Fuel and lubricants, passenger cars, machinery and parts, fabrics, rice

Exports - major partners

India 83.8%, Hong Kong 10.8% (2013 est.)

Imports - major partners

India 72.3%, South Korea 6% (2013 est.)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 14 million USD 32 million USD 12 million
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 73 out of 190 countries (2016)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 94 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 47 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 51 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 82 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 114 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 26 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 19 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 97 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 54 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 169 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

97 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 97 / Score: 59.53 (Mostly unfree) (2017)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+6

Total area

38,394 sq km

Capital

Thimphu

Currency

ngultrum (BTN)

Government type

constitutional monarchy

Languages

Sharchhopka 28%, Dzongkha (official) 24%, Lhotshamkha 22%, other 26% (includes foreign languages) (2005 est.)

Religions

Lamaistic Buddhist 75.3%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 22.1%, other 2.6% (2005 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
0.559 million 0.571 million 0.726 million 0.746 million 0.754 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
3.6% 10.1% 25% 37%
Population median age

26.2 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

1.13% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

68.98 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

52.8% (2005 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

15.2% (2012)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

38.7 (2012)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 3
Civil Liberties: 4 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 3.5%   Mobile 72.2% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

29.90% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.7 (2010)