Cost of Living Worldwide

Cost of Living Worldwide

The OECD defines a cost of living index (COLI) as an index that measures the change in the minimum expenditures that would be incurred by a utility-maximizing consumer, whose preferences or tastes remain unchanged, in order to maintaining a given level of utility (or standard of living or welfare).

 
 
Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Brazil

International Reserves

US$ 379.157 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2014)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 2.216 trillion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

2.505 trillion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
1.1% 5.7% 3.2% 4.0% 6.1% 5.2% -0.3% 7.5%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
2.7% 1.0% 2.3% 1.8%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 11,080 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$12,526 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
3.92% 3.31% 2.88% 2.89% 2.75%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 5.5% 
  • industry: 26.4% 
  • services: 68.1% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
6.6% 5.4% 6.2% 5.9%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
6.0% 5.5% 5.4% 5.6%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
65.0% 64.7% 68.2% 66.3% 66.7%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-2.8% -2.6% -2.8% -3.3% -3.3%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB-

Moody's rating: Baa2

Moody's outlook: NEG

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010* 2011 2012**
US$11.546 trillion US$1.229 trillion US$1.23 trillion

*2010 Estimate    **2012 Estimate 

Largest companies in Brazil

Petrobras, Itaú Unibanco Holding, Banco Bradesco, Banco do Brasil, Vale, JBS, Grupo Pão de Açúcar, BRF-Brasil Foods, Itaúsa, Oi, Cemig, Cielo, Eletrobrás, Sabesp, CPFL Energia, Braskem, Metalurgica Gerdau, CSN, CCR, BM&F Bovespa, Cosan, Embraer, Porto Seguro, Banrisul, WEG

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -80.333 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-3.625% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

12.6% (2013)

 

Shares in world total merchandising export

1.32% (2012)

 

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.87% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Total exports

US$244.800 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos

Total imports

US$241.4 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery, electrical and transport equipment, chemical products, oil, automotive parts, electronics

Exports - major partners

China 17%, US 11.1%, Argentina 7.4%, Netherlands 6.2% (2012)

Imports - major partners

China 15.3%, US 14.6%, Argentina 7.4%, Germany 6.4%, South Korea 4.1% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$66,660 million US$65,272 million US$64,045 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$-1,029  million US$-2,821 million US$-3,496 million  
Value of cross-border M&A; by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$9,030 million US$5,541million US$7,401 million US$2,971 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 116 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 123 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 121 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 107 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 109 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 80 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 124 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 159 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 130 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 14 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 135 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

57

(2014-2015)

 

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 114 Score: 56.9 (Mostly Unfree) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC-3 (3 time zones)

 

Total area

8,514,877 sq km

Capital

Brasilia

Currency

reals (BRL)

Government type

federal republic

Languages

Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language)
note: less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages

Religions

Roman Catholic 64.6%, other Catholic 0.4%, Protestant 22.2% (includes Adventist 6.5%, Assembly of God 2.0%, Christian Congregation of Brazil 1.2%, Universal Kingdom of God 1.0%, other Protestant 11.5%), other Christian 0.7%, Spiritist 2.2%, other 1.4%, none 8%, unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
146.59 million 171.28 million 193.253 million 200.004 million 207.787 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
44.9% 65% 81% 85%
Population median age

30.7 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

0.8% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

73.28 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

90.4% (2010 est.)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

9.87% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

54.69 (2009)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:2
Civil Liberties:2 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

145.06% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

45% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Brasilia: 33rd (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

1.8999 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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