Cost of Living Worldwide

The OECD defines a cost of living index (COLI) as an index that measures the change in the minimum expenditures that would be incurred by a utility-maximizing consumer, whose preferences or tastes remain unchanged, in order to maintaining a given ...

 
 
Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Brazil

International Reserves

US$ 352.01 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2012)

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 2.45 trillion (2011 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

2.394 trillion of International dollars (2011 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
1.3% 2.7% 1.1% 5.7% 3.2% 4% 6.1% 5.2%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
-0.3% 7.5% 2.7% 3%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 12,465 (2010 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$12,181 International Dollars (2010 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
3.91% 3.34% 2.93% 2.93% 2.88%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 5.8% 
  • industry: 26.9% 
  • services: 67.3% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
4.9%(2008) 5% 6.6% 5.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
8.1% 6.7% 6%(2009) 6%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
63.5% 66.9% 65.2% 66.2% 65.1%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
-1.4% -3.1% -2.8% -2.6% -2.3%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB

Moody's rating: Baa2

Moody's outlook: POS

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
US$1.167 trillion US$1.546 trillion US$1.229 trillion
Largest companies in Brazil

Embraer (Aerospace and defense), Cielo (Business & Personal Services), Itaúsa (Conglomerates), Redecard (Consumer Financial Services), Lojas Americanas (Discount Stores), Vale (Diversified Metals & Mining), Sabesp (Diversified Utilities), Eletrobrás (Electric Utilities), Cemig (Electric Utilities), CPFL Energia (Electric Utilities), Copel (Electric Utilities), BRF-Brasil Foods (Food Processing), JBS (Food Processing), Cosan (Food Processing), Marfrig Group (Food Processing), Grupo Pão de Açúcar (Food Retail), Natura Cosmeticos (Household/Personal Care), BM&F Bovespa (Investment services), Bradespar (Investment services), Companhia Siderurgica (Iron & Steel), Metalurgica Gerdau (Iron & Steel), Usiminas (Iron & Steel), Itaú Unibanco Holding (Major Banks), Banco do Brasil (Major Banks), Petrobras-Petróleo Brasil (Oil & Gas Operations), OGX (Oil & Gas Operations), CCR (Other Transportation), Suzano Papel e Celulose (Paper & Paper Products), PDG Group (Real Estate), Banco Bradesco (Regional Banks), Banrisul (Regional Banks), Braskem (Specialized Chemicals), Tele Norte Leste (Telecommunications services) (2012)

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -78.8 billion (2011 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-3.2% of GDP (2011 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

11.2% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

1.4%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.88% (2011)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$242 billion (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos

Total imports

US$238.8 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery, electrical and transport equipment, chemical products, oil, automotive parts, electronics

Exports - major partners

China 17.3%, US 10.1%, Argentina 8.9%, Netherlands 5.3% (2011)

Imports - major partners

US 15.1%, China 14.5%, Argentina 7.5%, Germany 6.7%, South Korea 4.5% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$25,949 million US$48,506 million(2009) US$66,660 million(2009)
FDI outflows
2009 2010 2011  
US$-10,084 million US$11,588 million US$-1,029 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
US$5,243 million US$2,501 million(2009) US$8,465 million(2009) US$5,540 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Vale SA, Bunge Participacoes e Investimentos SA, Brazil, $3.8 billion

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Cosan Ltd, Royal Dutch Shell PLC, Netherlands, $4.9 billion(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 130 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 121 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 116 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 109 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 104 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 82 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 123 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 156 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 131 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 60 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 143 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

48

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 99 Score: 57.9 (Mostly Unfree) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

8,514,877 km2 (2006)

Capital

Brasilia (2009)

Currency

reals (BRL) (2009)

Government type

federal republic (2009)

Languages

Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language); note - less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages

Religions

Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
118.56 million 146.59 million 171.28 million 196.53 million 204.43 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
44.9% 67.4% 81.2% 84.6%
Population median age

29 years (2010)

Population growth rate

0.9% (2011)

Life expectancy

73 years (2010)

Adult literacy

90% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

9.87% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

54.69 (2009)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:2
Civil Liberties:2 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

145.06% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

45% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Brasilia: 33rd (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

1.8999 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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