Source
Central bank

Monetary Authority of Brunei Darussalam

International Reserves

USD 3.2 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 11.8 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 35.8 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
4.4% 0.1% -2% -1.8% 2.7% 3.7% 0.9%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
-2.1% -2.4% -0.6% 0.4% 4%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 27,560.8 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 83,513.3 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
N/A 0.05% 0.04% 0.03% 0.03%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 1.1% 
  • industry: 60.4%
  • services: 38.5%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
0.4% -0.2% -0.4% -0.3% 0.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
7.7% 6.9% 6.9% 6.9% 6.9%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
2.2% 2.3% 2.8% 3.4% 3%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
13% 3.6% -14.5% -26.2% -13.6%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -0.5 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-4.1% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

52.2% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.04% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.01% (2015)

Total exports

USD 5.3 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Mineral fuels, organic chemicals

Total imports

USD 3.6 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and mechanical appliance parts, mineral fuels, motor vehicles, electric machinery

Exports - major partners

Japan 35.9%, South Korea 14.8%, Thailand 10.8%, India 9.8%, NZ 5.6%, Australia 5% (2015)

Imports - major partners

Singapore 27.9%, China 25.3%, Malaysia 12.4%, UK 10.6%, South Korea 4.9% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 776 million USD 568 million USD 173 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 859 million USD 382 million USD 508 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A USD -1.5 million N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 72 out of 190 countries (2016)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 84 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 93 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 134 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 62 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 102 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 142 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 89 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 37 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 21 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 57 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

58 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 51 / Score: 67.28 (Moderately free) (2017)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+8

Total area

5,765 sq km

Capital

Bandar Seri Begawan

Currency

Bruneian dollars (BND)

Government type

Absolute monarchy or sultanate (locally known as Malay Islamic Monarchy)

Languages

Malay (official), English, Chinese dialects

Religions

Muslim (official) 78.8%, Christian 8.7%, Buddhist 7.8%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 4.7% (2011 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
0.253 million 0.325 million 0.387 million 0.423 million 0.45 million

*Estimate 

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
43% 60% 71% 77%
Population median age

29.9 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

1.6% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

77.2 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 96%
Male: 97.5%
Female: 94.5% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write) 

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 6
Civil Liberties: 5 (2017)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 8.96%   Mobile 108.13% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

71.2% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Bandar Seri Begawan: 88th (2016)

CO2 emissions

18.9 (2013)

World's Best Developed & Emerging Markets Banks

World's Best Islamic Financial Institutions

World's Best Internet Banks

World's Best Banks By Region

World's Best Banks

2013

Additional Awards