Source
Central bank

Bulgarian National Bank

International Reserves

US$ 20.435 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2014)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 55 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

108 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
5% 6.6% 6.4% 6.5% 6.4% 6.2% -5.5% 0.4%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
1.8% 0.6% 0.9% 1.6%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 7,682 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$15,031 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0.30% 0.26% 0.12% 0.13% 0.12%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 6.7% 
  • industry: 30.3% 
  • services: 63% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
3.4% 2.4% 0.4% -0.4%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
11.4% 12.4% 13.0% 12.5%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
14.9% 15.4% 17.5% 17.6% 21.7%
         

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-4.0% -2.0% -0.5% -1.9% -1.9%

*Estimate 

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB-

Moody's rating: Baa2

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010* 2011 2012**
US$7.276 billion US$8.253 billion US$6.666 billion

*2010 Estimate     **2012 Estimate 

Largest companies in Bulgaria

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -244 Million (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-0.441% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

70.2% (2013)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.15% (2012)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.17% (2012)

Total exports

US$28 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels

Total imports

US$32.880 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and equipment; metals and ores; chemicals and plastics; fuels, minerals, and raw materials

Exports - major partners

Germany 10.4%, Turkey 9.1%, Italy 8.7%, Romania 8.2%, Greece 7.3%, France 4% (2012)

Imports - major partners

Russia 20.9%, Germany 11.3%, Italy 6.7%, Romania 6.6%, Greece 6.1%, Turkey 4.6%, Spain 4.5% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$1,849 million US$1,375 million US$1,450 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$163 million US$345 million US$179 million  
Value of cross-border M&A; by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$17 million US$0 US$0 US$0
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 58 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 65 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts:79 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 62 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 28 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 52 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 79 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 81 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 118 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 135 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 92 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

54

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 61 Score: 65.7 (Moderately Free) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+2

Total area

110,879 sq km 

Capital

Sofia 

Currency

leva (BGN) 

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Languages

Bulgarian (official) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Roma 3.8%, other 0.7%, unspecified 10.5% (2011 est.)

Religions

Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim 7.8%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Jewish) 1.7%, none 3.7%, unspecified 27.4% (2011 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014*

2019**

8.178 million 8.15 million 7.505 million 7.202 million 7.024 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
37.1% 62% 69% 73%
Population median age

42.6 years (2014 estimate)

Population growth rate

-0.83% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

74.33 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

98.4% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

3.9% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

34.3 (2011)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 2
Civil Liberties: 2 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

171.71% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

53.6% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Sofia: 172nd (2014)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

6.0 (2010)

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