Source
Central bank

Bulgarian National Bank

International Reserves

USD 23.8 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 52.7 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 150.3 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
6.8% 7.7% 5.7% -4.2% 0.1% 1.6% 0.2%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
1.3% 1.6% 3% 3% 2.8%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 7,445.2 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 21,242.3 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.31% 0.28% 0.12% 0.13% 0.1%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 5.1% 
  • industry: 27.5% 
  • services: 67.5%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
0.4% -1.6% -1.1% -1.6% 0.6%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
13.0% 11.5% 9.2% 8.2% 7.1%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
17.2% 26.4% 26.3% 29.7% 26.3%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-1.8% -3.6% -2.9% -0.8% -1.2%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BB+

Moody's: Baa2

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD 0.02 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

0.03% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

64.1% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.2% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.2% (2015)

Total exports

USD 26.1 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels

Total imports

USD 28.5 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and equipment; metals and ores; chemicals and plastics; fuels, minerals, and raw materials

Exports - major partners

Germany 12.5%, Italy 9.2%, Turkey 8.5%, Romania 8.2%, Greece 6.5%, France 4.2% (2015)

Imports - major partners

Germany 12.9%, Russia 12%, Italy 7.6%, Romania 6.8%, Turkey 5.7%, Greece 4.8%, Spain 4.8% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 1,837 million USD 1,777 million USD 1,774 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 187 million USD 613 million USD 86 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A USD -0.1 million USD 10.5 million N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 39 out of 190 countries (2016)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 82 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 49 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 60 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 32 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 13 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 21 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 83 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 48 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 104 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 48 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

50 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 60 / Score: 65.86 (Moderately free) (2017) (100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+2

Total area

110,879 sq km 

Capital

Sofia 

Currency

Leva (BGN) 

Government type

Parliamentary republic

Languages

Bulgarian (official) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Roma 3.8%, other 0.7%, unspecified 10.5% (2011 est.)

Religions

Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim 7.8%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Jewish) 1.7%, none 3.7%, unspecified 27.4% (2011 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
8.718 million 8.15 million 7.505 million 7.114 million 6.917 million

*Estimate

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
37% 62% 69% 74%
Population median age

42.4 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

-0.6% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

74.5 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 98.4%
Male: 98.7%
Female: 98.1% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

1.7% (2012)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

36.0 (2012)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 2
Civil Liberties: 2 (2017)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 23.27%   Mobile 129.27% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

56.66% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Sofia: 182nd (2016)

CO2 emissions

5.4 (2013)

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