Source
Central bank

Bank of Central African States

International Reserves

USD 3.5 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 33.1 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 82.2 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
3.2% 3.3% 2.9% 1.9% 3.3% 4.1% 4.6%
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*    
5.6% 5.9% 5.8% 4.8% 4.2%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 1,364.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 3,386.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.08% 0.08% 0.06% 0.06% 0.07%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 21.3% 
  • industry: 30.8% 
  • services: 47.9%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
2.1% 1.9% 2.8% 2.2% 2.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
18.7% 27.5% 29% 31.6% 33.8%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
-4% -4.6% -2.7% -6.2% -4.9%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: B

Moody's: B2

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -1.3 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-4.0% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

19.5% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.02% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.04% (2014)

Total exports

USD 5.6 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton

Total imports

USD 6.6 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food

Exports - major partners

China 16.7%, India 15.7%, Spain 6.2%, Belgium 6.1%, France 6.1%, Portugal 5.6%, Netherlands 5%, Italy 5% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 27.9%, Nigeria 13.9%, France 10.9%, Belgium 4.1% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 567 million USD 554 million USD 620 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD -138 million USD -106 million USD -105 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2012 2012 2012
N/A USD 1.0 million N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 166 out of 190 countries (2016)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 149 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 160 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 177 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 133 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 137 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 186 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 180 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 141 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 89 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 122 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

119 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 130 / Score: 54.18 (Mostly unfree) (2017)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

475,440 sq km

Capital

Yaounde

Currency

Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF)

Government type

Presidential republic

Languages

24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)

Religions

Catholic 38.4%, Protestant 26.3%, other Christian 4.5%, Muslim 20.9%, animist 5.6%, other 1%, non-believer 3.2% (2005 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
11.685 million 15.541 million 20.424 million 23.685 million 26.798 million

*Estimate 

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
14% 32% 46% 54%
Population median age

18.5 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

2.58% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

58.5 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 75%
Male: 81.2%
Female: 68.9% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write) 

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

18% (2014)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

46.5 (2014)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 6
Civil Liberties: 6 (2017)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 4.51%   Mobile 71.85% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

20.68% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Yaounde: 50th
Douala: 70th

(2016)

CO2 emissions

0.3 (2013)