Source
Central bank

Bank of Canada - Banque du Canada

International Reserves

US$ 65.819 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2012)

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 1.805 trillion (2011 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

1.443 trillion of International dollars (2011 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
1.8% 2.9% 1.9% 3.1% 3% 2.8% 2.2% 0.7%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
-2.8% 3.2% 2.5% 2.1%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 51,689 (2011 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$41,335 International Dollars (2011 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
2.4% 2.32% 2.11% 1.79% 1.65%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 1.9% 
  • industry: 27.1% 
  • services: 71% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

1.8% (2010)

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
0.3%(2008) 1.8% 2.9% 2.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
8.3% 8% 7.5%(2009) 7.4%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

4.3% (Net saving; 2012 forecast)

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
71.1% 83.6% 85.1% 85% 84.7%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
0.1% -4.9% -5.6% -4.5% -3.7%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AAA

Moody's rating: Aaa

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
US$1.681 trillion US$2.16 trillion US$1.907 trillion
Largest companies in Canada

Bombardier (Aerospace and defense), Air Canada (Airline), Magna International (Auto & Truck Parts), Shaw Communications (Broadcasting & Cable), Research In Motion (Communications Equipment), CGI Group (Computer Services), SNC-Lavalin Group (Construction Service), Barrick Gold (Diversified Metals & Mining), Teck Resources (Diversified Metals & Mining), Goldcorp (Diversified Metals & Mining), Yamana Gold (Diversified Metals & Mining), Kinross Gold (Diversified Metals & Mining), Silver Wheaton (Diversified Metals & Mining), First Quantum Minerals (Diversified Metals & Mining), Cameco (Diversified Metals & Mining), Iamgold (Diversified Metals & Mining), Eldorado Gold (Diversified Metals & Mining), Shoppers Drug Mart (Drug Retail), Fortis (Canada) (Electric Utilities), Saputo (Food Processing), Viterra (Food Processing), George Weston (Food Retail), Couche Tard (Food Retail), Metro Inc (Food Retail), Empire (Food Retail), Onex (Investment services), Dundee (Investment services), Power Corp of Canada (Life & Health Insurance), Manulife Financial (Life & Health Insurance), Sun Life Financial (Life & Health Insurance), Industrial Alliance Insurance (Life & Health Insurance), Royal Bank of Canada (Major Banks), TD Bank (Major Banks), Bank of Nova Scotia (Major Banks), Bank of Montreal (Major Banks), Canadian Imperial Bank (Major Banks), National Bank of Canada (Major Banks), Suncor Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Canadian Natural Resources (Oil & Gas Operations), Husky Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Cenovus Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Talisman Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Nexen (Oil & Gas Operations), EnCana (Oil & Gas Operations), Penn West Petroleum (Oil & Gas Operations), Canadian Oil Sands (Oil & Gas Operations), Pacific Rubiales Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Crescent Point Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Enbridge (Oil Services & Equipment), TransCanada (Oil Services & Equipment), Valeant Pharmaceuticals (Pharmaceuticals), Thomson Reuters (Printing & Publishing), Fairfax Financial (Property & Casualty Insurance), Intact Financial (Property & Casualty Insurance), Canadian National Railway (Railroads), Canadian Pacific Railway (Railroads), Brookfield Asset Mgmt (Real Estate), Boardwalk Real Estate (Real Estate), Laurentian Bank (Regional Banks), Tim Hortons (Restaurants), Potash of Saskatchewan (Specialized Chemicals), Agrium (Specialized Chemicals), Canadian Tire (Specialty Stores), BCE (Telecommunications Services), Rogers Communications (Telecommunications Services), Telus (Telecommunications Services) (2012)