Source
Central bank

Bank of Canada - Banque du Canada

International Reserves

US$ 75.614 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2014)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 1.769 trillion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

1.585 trillion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
1.9% 3.1% 3.2% 2.6% 2.0% 1.2% -2.7% 3.4%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
2.5% 1.7% 2.0% 2.3%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 49,838 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$44,656 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
2.47% 2.36% 2.13% 1.81% 1.74%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 1.7%
  • industry: 28.4%
  • services: 69.9% (2013 est.)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

1.7% (2011)

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
2.9% 1.5% 1.0% 1.5%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014
7.4% 7.3% 7.1%(2009) 7.0%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

5.0% (Net saving; 2014 forecast)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
83.1% 83.5% 88.1% 89.1% 87.4%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-4.9% -3.7% -3.4% -3.0% -2.5%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AAA

Moody's rating: Aaa

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010 est. 2011 2012 est.
US$2.16trillion US$1.907 trillion US$2.016 trillion
Largest companies in Canada

Royal Bank of Canada, TD Bank Group, Bank of Nova Scotia, Bank of Montreal, Suncor Energy, Manulife Financial, Canadian Imperial Bank, Brookfield Asset Management, Sun Life Financial, Canadian Natural Resources, BCE, Husky Energy, Power Corp of Canada, Enbridge, Canadian National Railway, TransCanada, Magna International, Rogers Communications, National Bank of Canada, Cenovus Energy, TELUS, Potash of Saskatchewan, George Weston, Agrium, Teck Resources, Couche Tard, Bombardier, Canadian Pacific Railway, Barrick Gold, Valeant Pharmaceuticals, Onex, CGI Group, Canadian Tire, Intact Financial, Shaw Communications, Fairfax Financial, Goldcorp, Saputo, Encana, Industrial Alliance Insurance, First Quantum Minerals, Empire, Canadian Oil Sands, Metro Inc, Talisman Energy, E-L Financial, Pembina Pipeline, Fortis (Canada), Crescent Point Energy, SNC-Lavalin Group, Atco, Pacific Rubiales Energy, Air Canada, Tim Hortons, Laurentian Bank, Silver Wheaton, Cameco

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -46.684 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-2.639% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

30.1% (2013)

(Data released on Oct 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

2.47% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

1.77% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$458.700 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum

Total imports

US$471 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, chemicals, electricity, durable consumer goods

Exports - major partners

US 74.5%, China 4.3%, UK 4.1% (2012)

Imports - major partners

US 50.6%, China 11%, Mexico 5.5% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ 39,669 million US$ 43,025 million US$ 62,325 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ 52,148 million US$ 55,446 million US$ 42,636 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$ 35,744 million US$ 36,049 million US$ 37,580 million US$ 30,180 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Investor Group, Cequel Communications Hldgs I, United States, 6.6; Investor Group, E ON AG, Germany, 4.1; Bank of Nova Scotia, ING Groep NV, Netherlands, 3.2; CGI Group Inc, Logica PLC, United Kingdom, 3.1; Valeant Pharm Intl Inc, Medicis Pharmaceutical Corp, United States, 3.1;



 

 

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Investor Group, TPG Capital LP, United States, 6.0; Empire Co Ltd, Safeway Inc, United States, 5.7; Royal Bank of Canada, Ally Financial Inc, United States, 4.1

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 19 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 2 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 58 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 55 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 28 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 4 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 45 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 8 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 116 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 145 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 9 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking (ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

15

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 6 Score: 80.2 (Mostly Free) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

9,984,670 km2 (2006)

Capital

Ottawa (2009)

Currency

Canadian dollars (CAD) (2009)

Government type

a parliamentary democracy, a federation, and a Commonwealth realm (2009)

Languages

English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)

Religions

Catholic 40.6% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, Orthodox 1.6%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 est.)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2014* 2019**

24.471

million

27.632 million 30.647 million

35.494 million

37.252 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
69.1% 76% 79% 81%
Population median age

40 years (2014 estimate)

Population growth rate

0.76% (2014 estimate)

 

Life expectancy

81.67 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

99% (2003 estimte)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

33.7 (2010)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:1
Civil Liberties:1 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

123.14% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

83% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Ottawa 152nd (2014)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

14.7 (2010)
 

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