Source
Central bank

Bank of Canada - Banque du Canada

International Reserves

US$ 65.819 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2012)

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 1.805 trillion (2011 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

1.443 trillion of International dollars (2011 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
1.8% 2.9% 1.9% 3.1% 3% 2.8% 2.2% 0.7%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
-2.8% 3.2% 2.5% 2.1%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 51,689 (2011 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$41,335 International Dollars (2011 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
2.4% 2.32% 2.11% 1.79% 1.65%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 1.9% 
  • industry: 27.1% 
  • services: 71% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

1.8% (2010)

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
0.3%(2008) 1.8% 2.9% 2.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
8.3% 8% 7.5%(2009) 7.4%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

4.3% (Net saving; 2012 forecast)

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
71.1% 83.6% 85.1% 85% 84.7%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
0.1% -4.9% -5.6% -4.5% -3.7%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AAA

Moody's rating: Aaa

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
US$1.681 trillion US$2.16 trillion US$1.907 trillion
Largest companies in Canada

Bombardier (Aerospace and defense), Air Canada (Airline), Magna International (Auto & Truck Parts), Shaw Communications (Broadcasting & Cable), Research In Motion (Communications Equipment), CGI Group (Computer Services), SNC-Lavalin Group (Construction Service), Barrick Gold (Diversified Metals & Mining), Teck Resources (Diversified Metals & Mining), Goldcorp (Diversified Metals & Mining), Yamana Gold (Diversified Metals & Mining), Kinross Gold (Diversified Metals & Mining), Silver Wheaton (Diversified Metals & Mining), First Quantum Minerals (Diversified Metals & Mining), Cameco (Diversified Metals & Mining), Iamgold (Diversified Metals & Mining), Eldorado Gold (Diversified Metals & Mining), Shoppers Drug Mart (Drug Retail), Fortis (Canada) (Electric Utilities), Saputo (Food Processing), Viterra (Food Processing), George Weston (Food Retail), Couche Tard (Food Retail), Metro Inc (Food Retail), Empire (Food Retail), Onex (Investment services), Dundee (Investment services), Power Corp of Canada (Life & Health Insurance), Manulife Financial (Life & Health Insurance), Sun Life Financial (Life & Health Insurance), Industrial Alliance Insurance (Life & Health Insurance), Royal Bank of Canada (Major Banks), TD Bank (Major Banks), Bank of Nova Scotia (Major Banks), Bank of Montreal (Major Banks), Canadian Imperial Bank (Major Banks), National Bank of Canada (Major Banks), Suncor Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Canadian Natural Resources (Oil & Gas Operations), Husky Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Cenovus Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Talisman Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Nexen (Oil & Gas Operations), EnCana (Oil & Gas Operations), Penn West Petroleum (Oil & Gas Operations), Canadian Oil Sands (Oil & Gas Operations), Pacific Rubiales Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Crescent Point Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Enbridge (Oil Services & Equipment), TransCanada (Oil Services & Equipment), Valeant Pharmaceuticals (Pharmaceuticals), Thomson Reuters (Printing & Publishing), Fairfax Financial (Property & Casualty Insurance), Intact Financial (Property & Casualty Insurance), Canadian National Railway (Railroads), Canadian Pacific Railway (Railroads), Brookfield Asset Mgmt (Real Estate), Boardwalk Real Estate (Real Estate), Laurentian Bank (Regional Banks), Tim Hortons (Restaurants), Potash of Saskatchewan (Specialized Chemicals), Agrium (Specialized Chemicals), Canadian Tire (Specialty Stores), BCE (Telecommunications Services), Rogers Communications (Telecommunications Services), Telus (Telecommunications Services) (2012)

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -48.3 billion (2011 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-2.7% of GDP (2011 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

29.4% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

2.48%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

1.79% (2011)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$481.7 billion (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum

Total imports

US$480.9 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, chemicals, electricity, durable consumer goods

Exports - major partners

US 73.7%, UK 4.2% (2011)

Imports - major partners

US 49.5%, China 10.8%, Mexico 5.5% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$21,406 million US$23,413 million(2009) US$40,932 million(2009)
FDI outflows
2009 2010 2011  
US$41,665 million US$38,585 million US$49,569 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
US$44,141 million US$16,718 million(2009) US$30,794 million(2009) US$40,215 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Pinafore Acquisitions Ltd, Tomkins PLC, United Kingdom, $4.4 billion
Investor group, HS1 Ltd, United Kingdom, $3.4 billion
Goldcorp Inc, Andean Resources Ltd Springer Science+Business Media Deutschland, United States, $3.4 billion
Brookfield Asset Management Inc, General Growth Properties Inc, United States, $3.3 billion
Canada Pension Plan Investment Board, Intoll Group, Australia, $3.1 billion



 

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Barrick Gold Corp, Equinox Minerals Ltd, Australia, $7.4 billion
Toronto-Dominion Bank, Cerberus Capital Management LP, United States, $6.3 billion
Bank of Montreal,Ontario,CA, Marshall & Ilsley Corp,WI, United States, $4.1 billion(2008 estimate)
 

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 17 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 3 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 62 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 54 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 23 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 4 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 44 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 8 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 69 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 152 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 4 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

14

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 6 Score: 79.9 (Mostly Free) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

9,984,670 km2 (2006)

Capital

Ottawa (2009)

Currency

Canadian dollars (CAD) (2009)

Government type

a parliamentary democracy, a federation, and a Commonwealth realm (2009)

Languages

English (official) 59.3%, French (official) 23.2%, other 17.5%

Religions

Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (including United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
24.47 million 27.63 million 30.65 million 34.83 million 36.95 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
69.1% 75.7% 79.5% 80.7%
Population median age

40 years (2010)

Population growth rate

1% (2011)

Life expectancy

81 years (2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

32.56 (2000)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:1
Civil Liberties:1 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

123.14% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

83% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Ottawa: 114th (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

15.2615 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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