Source
Central bank

Bank of Central African States

International Reserves

USD 0.4 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 11.6 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 31.8 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
0.7% 3.3% 3.1% 4.2% 13.6% 0.1% 8.9%
2013 2014* 2015* 2016* 2017*    
5.7% 6.9% 1.8% -1.1% 1.7%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 950.2 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 2,607.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.03% 0.03%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 53% 
  • industry: 12.8% 
  • services: 34.2%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
0.2% 1.7% 3.7% 0.0% 5.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
30.3% 39.2% 42.6% 45% 39.3%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
-2.1% -4.2% -4.9% -2.8% -1.3%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated as of January 24th 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -0.9 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-7.8% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

29.8% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.02% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.006% (2013)

Total exports

USD 4.1 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Oil, livestock, cotton, sesame, gum arabic, shea butter

Total imports

USD 3.1 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and transportation equipment, industrial goods, foodstuffs, textiles

Exports - major partners

US 58.5%, India 13.3%, Japan 11.3%, China 4.1% (2015)

Imports - major partners

France 16.5%, China 14.2%, Cameroon 11%, US 6.4%, India 6%, Belgium 5.7%, Italy 4.8% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 520 million USD -676 million USD 600 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 180 out of 190 countries (2016)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 182 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 154 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 157 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 139 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 158 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 171 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 189 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 133 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 179 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 146 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

136 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 164 / Score: 46.33 (Repressed) (2017)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

1.284 million sq km

Capital

N'Djamena

Currency

Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF)

Government type

Presidential republic

Languages

French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects

Religions

Muslim 58.4%, Catholic 18.5%, Protestant 16.1%, animist 4%, other 0.5%, none 2.4% (2009 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010* 2016* 2021*
5.648 million 7.478 million 10.223 million 11.855 million 13.45 million

*Estimate

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
7% 19% 22% 23%
Population median age

17.6 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

1.88% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

50.2 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 40.2%
Male: 48.5%
Female: 31.9% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

29.7% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

43.3 (2011)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 7
Civil Liberties: 6 (2017)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 0.13%   Mobile 40.17% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

2.7% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Ndjamena: 9th (2016)

CO2 emissions

0.0 (2013)