Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Costa Rica

International Reserves

US$ 7.339 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2014)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 53 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

65 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
6.4% 4.3% 5.9% 8.8% 7.9% 2.7% -1.0% 5.0%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
4.5% 5.1% 3.5% 3.8%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 10,893 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$13,341 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0.06% 0.06% 0.06% 0.07% 0.07%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 6.2% 
  • industry: 21.3% 
  • services: 72.5% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
4.9% 4.5% 5.2% 2.9%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
7.7% 7.8% 9.0% 8.5%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
29.1% 30.6% 35.1% 37.0% 39.4%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-5.4% -4.3% -4.6% -5.6% -6.2%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BB

Moody's rating: Baa3

Moody's outlook: NEG

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010* 2011 2012**
US$1.445 billion US$1.443 billion US$2.015 billion

*2010 Estimate      **2012 Estimate 

Largest companies in Costa Rica

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -2.697 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-5.092% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

35.1% (2013)

(Data released on October 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.06% (2012)

 

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.12% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Total exports

US$11.660 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

bananas, pineapples, coffee, melons, ornamental plants, sugar; beef; seafood; electronic components, medical equipment

Total imports

US$17.560 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

raw materials, consumer goods, capital equipment, petroleum, construction materials

Exports - major partners

US 38.9%, Netherlands 7.5%, Panama 5.1%, Hong Kong 4.6%, Nicaragua 4.4% (2012)

Imports - major partners

US 49.8%, China 8.2%, Mexico 6.6% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$2,176 million US$2,332 million US$2,652 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$58 million US$428 million US$273  million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$ 0 US$ 0 US$ 354 million US$ 50 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 102 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 102 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 130 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 46 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 86 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 170 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 44 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 136 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 82 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 47 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 124 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

51

(2014-1015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 53 Score: 66.9 (Moderately Free) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC-6

Total area

51,100 sq km

Capital

San Jose

Currency

Costa Rican colones (CRC)

Government type

democratic republic

Languages

Spanish (official), English

Religions

Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical 13.7%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.3%, other Protestant 0.7%, other 4.8%, none 3.2%

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
N/A 3.81 million 4.534 million 4.863 million 5.431 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
34.3% 43% 59% 75%
Population median age

30 years (est. 2014)

Population growth rate

1.24% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

78.23 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

96.3% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

3.1% (2012)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

48.6 (2012)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 19.9%   Mobile 146.0%
(2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

45.96% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

San Jose 132nd (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

1.7 (2010)

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