Source
Central bank

National Bank of Ethiopia

International Reserves

N/A

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 38.539 billion (2011 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

100.936 billion of International dollars (2011 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
7.4% 1.6% -2.1% 11.7% 12.6% 11.5% 11.8% 11.2%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
10% 8% 7.5% 5%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 433 (2008 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$1,135 International Dollars (2008 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
0.09% 0.08% 0.07% 0.12% 0.13%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 49.3% 
  • industry: 11.1% 
  • services: 39.6% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
36.4%(2008) 2.8% 18.1% 33.9%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
N/A N/A N/A(2009) N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
33% 32.2% 36.7% 37.3% 31.2%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
-2.9% -0.9% -1.3% -1.6% -3%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Ethiopia

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -3.2 billion (2011 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-8.4% of GDP (2011 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

11.4% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.01%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.06% (2011)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$3.163 billion (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

coffee, khat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds

Total imports

US$10.6 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

food and live animals, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery, motor vehicles, cereals, textiles

Exports - major partners

Germany 13.7%, China 11.8%, Belgium 7.5%, Saudi Arabia 6.5%, US 6%, Italy 4.9%, Sudan 4.1% (2011)

Imports - major partners

Saudi Arabia 10.2%, China 10.2%, US 7.8% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$221 million US$288 million(2009) US$206 million(2009)
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A(2009) N/A(2009) N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 127 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 163 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 50 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 112 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 104 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 128 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 161 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 103 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 53 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 94 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 117 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

121

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 134 Score: 52.0 (Mostly Unfree) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

1,104,300 km2 (2006)

Capital

Addis Ababa (2009)

Currency

birr (ETB) (2009)

Government type

federal republic (2009)

Languages

Amarigna 32.7%, Oromigna 31.6%, Tigrigna 6.1%, Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%, English (major foreign language taught in schools) (1994 census)

Religions

Christian 60.8% (Orthodox 50.6%, Protestant 10.2%), Muslim 32.8%, traditional 4.6%, other 1.8% (1994 census)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
35.41 million 48.29 million 65.52 million 88.92 million 99.53 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
6.4% 10.4% 14.9% 17%
Population median age

19 years (2010)

Population growth rate

2.1% (2011)

Life expectancy

59 years (2010)

Adult literacy

30% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

77.57% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

29.83 (2005)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:6
Civil Liberties:6 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

17.65% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

1.1% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Addis Ababa: 211th (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.0972 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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2013

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