Source
Central bank

Bank of France

International Reserves

USD 59.8 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 2,570.0 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 2,833.2 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
2.4% 2.4% 0.2% -2.9% 2% 2.1% 0.2%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
0.6% 0.6% 1.3% 1.3% 1.4%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 39,621.2 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 43,677.8 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
4.52% 4.19% 3.46% 2.68% 2.3%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 1.7% 
  • industry: 19.4% 
  • services: 78.8%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

2.3% (2014)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
1.0% 0.6% 0.1% 0.3% 1.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
10.3% 10.3% 10.4% 9.8% 9.6%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

8.9% (Total, 2015)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
92.4% 95.3% 96.1% 97.2% 97.8%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-4% -4% -3.5% -3.3% -3%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AA

Moody's: Aa2

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 2301.1 billion USD 2085.9 billion USD 2088.3 billion
Largest companies

BNP Paribas, AXA Group, Total, Sanofi, EADS, Credit Agricole, Société Générale, Orange, Renault, VINCI, L'Oréal Group, Christian Dior, Schneider Electric, EDF, Saint-Gobain, Carrefour, CNP Assurances, Danone, Natixis, Air Liquide, Peugeot, Michelin Group, Vivendi, GDF SUEZ, Pernod Ricard, CIC Group, Thales, Veolia Environnement, Kering, Publicis Groupe, Bouygues, Capgemini, Sodexo, Unibail-Rodamco, Scor, Safran, Essilor International, Valeo, Eiffage, Hermès International, Finatis, ATOS, Gecina, Financiere de l'Odet, Air France-KLM, Legrand, Alstom, Technip, Dassault Systemes, Aeroports de Paris, Foncière des Régions, Klepierre, Iliad, Wendel, Rexel, Accor, Eurazeo, Dassault Aviation, Arkema, Areva, Eutelsat Communications.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -9.7 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-0.4% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

30.0% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

3.1% (2015)

 

Shares in world total commercial services export

5.0% (2015)

Total exports

USD 505.4 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Machinery and transportation equipment, aircraft, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, iron and steel, beverages

Total imports

USD 525.4 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and equipment, vehicles, crude oil, aircraft, plastics, chemicals

Exports - major partners

Germany 15.9%, Spain 7.3%, US 7.2%, Italy 7.1%, UK 7.1%, Belgium 6.8% (2015)

Imports - major partners

Germany 19.5%, Belgium 10.7%, Italy 7.7%, Netherlands 7.5%, Spain 6.8%, US 5.5%, China 5.4%, UK 4.3% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 42,892 million USD 15,191 million USD 42,883 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 24,997 million USD 42,869 million USD 35,069 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD -3051.0 million USD 2809.9 million USD 13809.3 million USD 23506.1 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

Numericable Group SA, Societe Francaise du Radiotelephone SA, France, USD 23.1 billion / Schneider Electric SA, Invensys PLC, United Kingdom, USD 5.2 billion

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

Klepierre SA, Corio NV, Netherlands, USD 5.5 billion / Orange SA, Jazztel PLC, Spain, USD 4.3 billion / Cap Gemini SA, iGATE Corp, United States, USD 3.9 billion / Publicis Groupe SA, Sapient Corp, United States, USD 3.7 billion

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 29 out of 190 countries (2016)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 27 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 18 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 100 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 82 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 32 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 1 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 63 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 20 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 25 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 24 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

21 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 75 / Score: 62.32 (Moderately free) (2017)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

643,801 sq km (2014)

Capital

Paris (2014)

Currency

euros (EUR) (2014)

Government type

republic (2014)

Languages

French (official) 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish) 

Religions

Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%; overseas departments: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, pagan

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
56.577 million 568.858 million 62.765 million 63.95 million 65.43 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
61.9% 73% 76% 79%
Population median age

40.9 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

0.45% (2014 estimate)

Life expectancy

81.66 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

99% (2003 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

0.3% (2005)
 

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

31.7 (2005)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 60.8%   Mobile 98.5%
(2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

 

 

Internet users as % of total population

81.92% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Paris: 27th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

5.6 (2010)

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