Source
Central bank

Hong Kong Monetary Authority

International Reserves

USD 358.7 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 326.4 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 444.7 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
7% 6.5% 2.1% -2.5% 6.8% 4.8% 1.7%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
3.1% 2.7% 2.4% 1.4% 1.9%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 44,094.4 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 60,069.8 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.27% 0.38% 0.37% 0.38% 0.4%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 0.1% 
  • industry: 7.2% 
  • services: 92.8%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
4.3% 4.4% 3.0% 2.5% 2.6%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
3.4% 3.3% 3.3% 3.2% 3.1%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017*
0.5% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017*
1% 3.6% 0.6% 1.5% 1.5%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AAA

Moody's: Aa1

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 3100.8 billion USD 3233 billion USD 3184.9 billion
Largest companies in Hong Kong

Citic Pacific, AIA Group, CK Hutchison, Jardine Matheson, Sun Hung Kai Properties, China Resources Land, Cheung Kong Property Holdings, CLP Holdings, Swire Pacific, China Taiping Insurance, New World Development, MTR, Wheelock, Henderson Land, WH Group, China Resources Power, Hong Kong Exchanges, ZTE, Cathay Pacific Airways, Link REIT, Shimao Property Holdings, Bank of East Asia, Power Assets Holdings, Towngas, Beijing Enterprises, Galaxy Entertainment, Noble Group, Sun Art Retail Group, Chow Tai Fook Jewellery, Michael Kors Holdings, Li & Fung, China Merchants Holdings, Kerry Properties, Belle International Holdings, Sino Land, Franshion Properties (China), Hang Lung Group, Genting Hong Kong, China Resources Enterprise, Guangdong Investment, Agile Property Holdings, Hanergy Thin Film Power Group, First Pacific, Chinese Estates, KWG Property Holding, Techtronic Industries, Great Eagle Holdings, TPV Technology, Dah Sing Financial Holdings.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ 9.781 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

3.33% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

229.6% (2013)

(Data released on Oct 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

2.68% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

2.88% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$456.4billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

electrical machinery and appliances, textiles, apparel, footwear, watches and clocks, toys, plastics, precious stones, printed material

Total imports

US$ 520.6 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

raw materials and semi-manufactures, consumer goods, capital goods, foodstuffs, fuel (most is reexported)

Exports - major partners

China 57.7%, US 8.9%, Japan 4.2% (2012 est.)

Imports - major partners

China 44.5%, Japan 8%, Taiwan 6.8%, South Korea 5.5%, US 4.9% (2012 est.)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ 96,125 million US$74,888 million US$ 76,633 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ 95,885 million US$ 88,118 million US$ 91,530 million  
Value of cross-border M&A; by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$ 13,255 million US$ 10,125 million US$16,076 million US$ 16,784 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Investor Group, MGN Gas Networks(UK)Ltd, United Kingdom, 3.0

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 2 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 5 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 9 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 89 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 3 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 3 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 2 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 4 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 1 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 5 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 19 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

7

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 1 Score: 90.1 (Free) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+8

Total area

1,104 sq km

Capital

Hong Kong

Currency

Hong Kong dollars (HKD)

Government type

limited democracy

Languages

Cantonese (official) 89.5%, English (official) 3.5%, Putonghua (Mandarin) 1.4%, other Chinese dialects 4%, other 1.6% (2011 est.)

 

Religions

eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2018**
5.752 million 6.712 million 7.052 million 7.311 million 7.654 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
85.2% 91% 100% 100%
Population median age

43.2 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

0.41% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

82.78 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

93.5% (2002)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

Freedom House rating

N/A

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 63.0%   Mobile 238.7% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

74.20% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Hong Kong 3rd (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

5.2 (2010)

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