Source
Central bank

Reserve Bank of India

International Reserves

US$ 320.989 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2014)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 1.996 trillion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

5.425 trillion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
6.9% 8.1% 9.3% 9.3% 9.8% 3.9% 8.5% 10.3%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
6.6% 4.7% 4.4% 5.4%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 1,584 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$4,307 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
2.54% 3.20% 3.75% 5.50% 5.96%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 17.4% 
  • industry: 25.8% 
  • services: 56.9% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
9.6% 10.2% 9.5% 8.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
67.5% 66.8% 66.6% 66.7% 65.3%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-8.4% -8.0% -7.4% -7.3%

-7.2%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB-

Moody's rating: Baa3

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010* 2011 2012**
US$1.616 trillion US$1.015 trillion US$1.263 trillion

*2010 Estimate    *2012 Estimate 

Largest companies in India

Reliance Industries, State Bank of India, Oil & Natural Gas, ICICI Bank, Tata Motors, Indian Oil, HDFC Bank, NTPC, Coal India, Larsen & Toubro, HDFC, Tata Consultancy Services, Bharti Airtel, Axis Bank, Infosys, Punjab National Bank, Bank of Baroda, Mahindra & Mahindra, ITC, Wipro, Bharat Heavy Electricals, GAIL India, Hindalco Industries, Canara Bank, Bank of India, Tata Steel, Power Grid of India, Bharat Petroleum, HCL Technologies, Hindustan Petroleum, Power Finance, Union Bank of India, Adani Enterprises, Kotak Mahindra Bank, IDBI Bank, Sun Pharma Industries, Steel Authority of India, Rural Electrification, NMDC, Syndicate Bank, Bajaj Auto, Central Bank of India, Indian Bnk, Indian Overseas Bank, Corporation Bank, Allahabad Bank, UCO Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, NHPC, Hero Motocorp, Jindal Steel & Power, Andhra Bank, Grasim Industries, JSW Steel

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -47.531 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-2.382% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

24.8% (2013)

(Data released on Oct 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

1.61% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

3.32% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$ 313.2 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

petroleum products, precious stones, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, vehicles, apparel

Total imports

US$ 467.5 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

crude oil, precious stones, machinery, fertilizer, iron and steel, chemicals

Exports - major partners

UAE 12.3%, US 12.2%, China 5%, Singapore 4.9%, Hong Kong 4.1% (2012)

Imports - major partners

China 10.7%, UAE 7.8%, Saudi Arabia 6.8%, Switzerland 6.2%, US 5.1% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ 36,190 million US$ 24,196 million US$ 28,199 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ 12,456 million US$ 8,486 million US$ 1,679 million  
Value of cross-border M&A; by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$ 26,886 million US$ 6,282 million US$ 3,103 million US$ 1,619 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A
 

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Sesa Goa Ltd, Volcan Investments Ltd, United Kingdom, 3.9

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 134 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 179 out of 18 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 186 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 92 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 28 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 34 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 132 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 158 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 182 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 111 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 121 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

71

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 120 Score: 55.7 (Mostly Unfree) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+5.5

Total area

3,287,263 sq km

Capital

New Delhi

Currency

Indian rupees (INR)

Government type

federal republic

Languages

Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%  
note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)
 

Religions

Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
847.438 million 1.029 billion 1.195 billion 1.260 billion 1.345 billion

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
17.9% 23% 28% 32%
Population median age

27 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

1.25% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

67.8 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

62.8% (2006 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

60.6% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

33.9 (2009)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 2
Civil Liberties: 3 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 2.3%   Mobile 70.8% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

15.10% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

New Delhi 157th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

1.7 (2010)

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2012

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Additional Awards