Source
Central bank

Reserve Bank of India

International Reserves

USD 335.2 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 2,457.7 billion (2017, estimate)

 

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 9,585.4 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
9.3% 9.8% 3.9% 8.5% 10.3% 6.6% 5.6%
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017*    
6.6% 7.2% 7.6% 7.6% 7.6%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 1,852.2 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 7,223.7 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
3.04% 3.84% 4.42% 6.27% 7.6%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 16.5% 
  • industry: 29.8% 
  • services: 45.4%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017*
9.4% 5.9% 4.9% 5.5% 5.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
68% 68.3% 69.1% 68.5% 67.2%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-7.6% -7.3% -6.9% -6.7% -6.6%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB-

Moody's: Baa3

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 1138.8 billion USD 1558.3 billion USD 1516.2 billion
Largest companies

Reliance Industries, State Bank of India, Oil & Natural Gas, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, Tata Motors, Indian Oil, Tata Consultancy Services, NTPC, HDFC, Bharti Airtel, Coal India, Axis Bank, Larsen & Toubro, Infosys, Bharat Petroleum, Wipro, ITC, Bank of Baroda, Punjab National Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Mahindra & Mahindra, Power Grid of India, HCL Technologies, Canara Bank, Bank of India, GAIL India, Power Finance, Sun Pharma Industries, Tata Steel, Hindalco Industries, Rural Electrification, Union Bank of India, Hindustan Petroleum, IndusInd Bank, Idea Cellular, Steel Authority of India, IDBI Bank, Bajaj Auto, Central Bank of India, NMDC, Syndicate Bank, Hero Motocorp, Lupin, Indian Overseas Bank, Yes Bank, JSW Steel, UCO Bank, Allahabad Bank, Corporation Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, Indian Bank, Tech Mahindra, Andhra Bank, Adani Enterprises.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -49.2 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-2.0% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

19.9% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

1.6% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

3.3% (2015)

Total exports

USD 271.6 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Petroleum products, precious stones, vehicles, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, cereals, apparel

Total imports

USD 402.4 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Crude oil, precious stones, machinery, chemicals, fertilizer, plastics, iron and steel

Exports - major partners

US 15.2%, UAE 11.4%, Hong Kong 4.6% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 15.5%, UAE 5.5%, Saudi Arabia 5.4%, Switzerland 5.3%, US 5.2% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 28,199 million USD 34,582 million USD 44,208 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 1,679 million USD 11,783 million USD 7,501 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 2988.4 million USD 1922.0 million USD 1084.0 million USD -861.6 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd, India, USD 3.2 billion

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 130 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 155 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 172 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 138 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 44 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 13 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 143 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 172 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 185 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 26 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 136 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

39 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 123 / Score: 56.24 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+5.5

Total area

3,287,263 sq km

Capital

New Delhi

Currency

Indian rupees (INR)

Government type

Federal parliamentary republic

Languages

Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%

Note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)

Religions

Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.7%, other and unspecified 2% (2011 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
847.438 million 1.029 billion 1.195 billion 1.310 billion 1.398 billion

*Estimate

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
18% 23% 28% 33%
Population median age

27.6 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

1.19% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

68.5 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 71.2%
Male: 81.3%
Female: 60.6% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

18.5% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

35.2 (2011)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 2
Civil Liberties: 3 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 1.99%   Mobile 78.06% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

26% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Mumbai: 82nd 
New Delhi: 130th
Chennai: 158th
Bangalore: 180th
Kolkata: 194th

(2016)

CO2 emissions

1.6 (2013)

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