Source
Central bank

Bank Indonesia

International Reserves

USD 103.4 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 1,014.9 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 3,256.7 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
5.5% 6.4% 7.4% 4.7% 6.4% 6.2% 6%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
5.6% 5% 4.8% 4.9% 5.3%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 3,870.8 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 12,421.5 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
1.55% 1.92% 1.92% 2.17% 2.6%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 13.7% 
  • industry: 40.3% 
  • services: 46%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
6.4% 6.4% 6.4% 3.7% 4.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
6.3% 5.9% 6.2% 5.6% 5.7%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
24.8% 24.7% 27.3% 27.5% 28.2%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-2.2% -2.1% -2.6% -2.5% -2.6%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BB+

Moody's: Baa3

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 346.7 billion USD 422.1 billion USD 353.3 billion
Largest companies

Bank Rakyat Indonesia, Bank Mandiri, Bank Central Asia, Telekom Indonesia, Bank Negara Indonesia, Gudang Garam.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -23.7 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-2.3% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

21.1% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.9% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.4% (2015)

Total exports

USD 136.7 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Mineral fuels, animal or vegetable fats (includes palm oil), electrical machinery, rubber, machinery and mechanical appliance parts

Total imports

USD 121.5 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Mineral fuels, boilers, machinery, and mechanical parts, electric machinery, iron and steel, foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

Japan 12%, US 10.8%, China 10%, Singapore 8.4%, India 7.8%, South Korea 5.1%, Malaysia 5.1% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 20.6%, Singapore 12.6%, Japan 9.3%, Malaysia 6%, South Korea 5.9%, Thailand 5.7%, US 5.3% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 18,817 million USD 21,866 million USD 15,508 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 6,647 million USD 7,077 million USD 6,250 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 315.3 million USD 2216.9 million USD 1175.7 million USD 2403.9 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 91 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 151 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 166 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 118 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 62 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 70 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 108 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 104 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 116 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 49 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 76 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

41 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 99 / Score: 59.44 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+7 (3 time zones)

Total area

1,904,569 sq km

Capital

Jakarta

Currency

Indonesian rupiah (IDR)

Government type

republic

Languages

Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)

Religions

Muslim 87.2%, Christian 7%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Hindu 1.7%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist and Confucian), unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
179.379 million 206.265 million 237.641 million 251.49 million 269.941 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
14.6% 22% 42% 52%
Population median age

29.2 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

0.95% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

72.17 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

92.8% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

43.3% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

35.6 (2010)
(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 2
Civil Liberties: 4 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 16.1%   Mobile 121.5% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

15.82% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Jakarta 119th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

1.8 (2010)

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