SANCTIONS THREATEN RUSSIAN DEALS

SANCTIONS THREATEN RUSSIAN DEALS

Mergers and acquisitions involving Russian companies, including Morgan Stanley’s planned sale of its global oil-trading unit to Rosneft, are threatened by Western sanctions on Moscow over the Ukraine crisis.

 
 
Source
Central bank

The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran

International Reserves

N/A

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 496.243 billion (2010 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

1.007 trillion of International dollars (2010 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
3.7% 7.5% 7.2% 5.1% 4.7% 5.8% 7.8% 0.6%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
4% 5.9% 2% 0.4%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 6,445 (2010 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$13,072 International Dollars (2010 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
1.01% 1.05% 1.03% 1.27% 1.13%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 11.2% 
  • industry: 40.6% 
  • services: 48.2% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
10.8%(2008) 12.4% 21.3% 21.8%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
11.9% 13.5% 15.1%(2009) 16.7%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
13.3% 14.7% 16.7% 12.7% 10.4%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
0.7% 1.1% 1.6% 0.2% -0.3%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
US$63.3 billion US$86.62 billion US$107.2 billion
Largest companies in Iran

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ 32.7 billion (2010 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

6.6% of GDP (2010 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

N/A

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.72%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.21% (2010)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$66.37 billion (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

petroleum 80%, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets

Total imports

US$66.97 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

industrial supplies, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services

Exports - major partners

China 21%, India 9.3%, Japan 8.9%, Turkey 8.7%, South Korea 7.9%, Italy 5.2% (2011)

Imports - major partners

UAE 30.6%, China 17.2%, South Korea 8.4%, Germany 4.8%, Turkey 4.2% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$3,048 million US$3,648 million(2009) US$4,150 million(2009)
FDI outflows
2009 2010 2011  
US$356 million US$346 million US$360 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A(2009) N/A(2009) N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 145 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 87 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 53 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 165 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 83 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 150 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 143 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 129 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 166 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 163 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 126 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

66

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 171 Score: 42.3 (Repressed) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

1,648,195 km2 (2006)

Capital

Tehran (2009)

Currency

Iranian rials (IRR) (2009)

Government type

theocratic republic (2009)

Languages

Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%

Religions

Muslim 98% (Shia 89%, Sunni 9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i) 2%

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
38.35 million 54.5 million 63.66 million 76.12 million 81.14 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
33.7% 49.7% 64.2% 69.1%
Population median age

27 years (2010)

Population growth rate

1.1% (2011)

Life expectancy

73 years (2010)

Adult literacy

85% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

8.03% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

38.28 (2005)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:6
Civil Liberties:6 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

112.05% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

21% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Tehran: 130th (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

8.2319 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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