SANCTIONS THREATEN RUSSIAN DEALS

Mergers and acquisitions involving Russian companies, including Morgan Stanley’s planned sale of its global oil-trading unit to Rosneft, are threatened by Western sanctions on Moscow over the Ukraine crisis.

 
 
Source
Central bank

The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran

International Reserves

N/A

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 406 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

974 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
4.7% 6.2% 6.4% 0.6% 4.0% 5.9% 2.7% -5.6%
2013 2014*            
-1.7% 1.5%            

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 5,193 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$12,478 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
1.01% 1.05% 1.03% 1.27% 1.07%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 10.6% 
  • industry: 44.9% 
  • services: 44.5% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
12.4% 21.5% 30.5% 35.2% 23.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
13.5% 12.3% 12.2% 12.9% 14.0%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
13.5% 9.2% 11.8% 10.6% 10.8%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
3.0% 0.2% -0.3% -0.9% -2.5%

*Estimate  

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2011 2012 2013
US$107.2 billion US$140.8 billion US$ NA

2011 Estimate   2013 Estimate

Largest companies in Iran

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ 20.909 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

5.156% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

N/A

 

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.57% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.15% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$61.22 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

petroleum 80%, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets

Total imports

US$64.42 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

industrial supplies, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services

Exports - major partners

China 22.1%, India 11.9%, Turkey 10.6%, South Korea 7.6%, Japan 7.1% (2012)

Imports - major partners

UAE 33.2%, China 13.8%, Turkey 11.8%, South Korea 7.4% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ 4,277 million US$ 4,662 million US$ 3,050 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ 360 million US$ 430 million US$ 380 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 152 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 107 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 51 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 168 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 86 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 147 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 153 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 139 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 169 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 169 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 129 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

83

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 173 Score: 40.3 (Repressed) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

1,648,195 km2 (2006)

Capital

Tehran (2009)

Currency

Iranian rials (IRR) (2009)

Government type

theocratic republic (2009)

Languages

Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%

Religions

Muslim 98% (Shia 89%, Sunni 9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i) 2%

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
38.35 million 54.5 million 63.66 million 76.12 million 81.14 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
33.7% 49.7% 64.2% 69.1%
Population median age

27 years (2010)

Population growth rate

1.1% (2011)

Life expectancy

73 years (2010)

Adult literacy

85% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

8.03% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

38.28 (2005)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:6
Civil Liberties:6 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

112.05% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

21% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Tehran: 130th (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

8.2319 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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2014

Best of…

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Additional Awards