Source
Central bank

Bank of Japan

International Reserves

USD 1189.5 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 5,106.3 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 5,066.1 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
1.7% 2.2% -1% -5.5% 4.7% -0.5% 1.7%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
1.4% 0% 0.5% 0.5% 0.6%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 40,408.4 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 40,090.3 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
7.79% 8.89% 6.66% 4.94% 4.0%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 1.2% 
  • industry: 27.7% 
  • services: 71.1%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

3.6% (2014)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
0.3% 2.8% 0.8% -0.2% 0.5%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
4.0% 3.6% 3.4% 3.2% 3.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

-0.5% (Total, 2014)

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
244.5% 249.1% 248% 250.4% 253%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
-8.6% -6.2% -5.2% -5.2% -5.1%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: A+

Moody's: A1

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 4543.2 billion USD 4378 billion USD 4894.9 billion
Largest companies in Japan

Toyota Motor, Japan Post Holdings, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial, Nippon Telegraph & Tel, Softbank, Sumitomo Mitsui Financial, Honda Motor, Nissan Motor, Mizuho Financial, Mitsubishi Corp, KDDI, Hitachi, Tokio Marine Holdings, Sony, Itochu, Denso, Japan Tobacco, Dai-ichi Life Insurance, Mitsui, East Japan Railway, Seven & I Holdings, Panasonic, Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal, Canon, Orix, Bridgestone, Central Japan Railway, Tokyo Electric Power, Mitsubishi Electric, MS&AD Insurance, Fuji Heavy Industries, Marubeni, Toyota Industries, Mitsui Fudosan, NKSJ Holdings, Daiwa House Industry, Sumitomo Mitsui Trust, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Fujifilm Holdings, Chubu Electric Power, Daikin Industries, Suzuki Motor, Komatsu, Kubota, Shin-Etsu Chemical, Kyocera, Astellas Pharma, Mazda Motor, Aisin Seiki, JFE Holdings, Daiwa Securities, Resona Holdings, Otsuka Holding, Murata Manufacturing, Mitsubishi Estate, T&D Holdings, Daiichi Sankyo, Tokyo Gas, Sumitomo Electric, Toray Industries, Aeon, Sumitomo Realty, Fujitsu, Sumitomo Corp, Dentsu, West Japan Railway, Takeda Pharmaceutical, JX Holdings, Asahi Group Holdings, Sekisui House, Asahi Kasei, Sumitomo Chemical, Kao Corp, Japan Airlines, Toyota Tsusho, Isuzu Motors, Fanuc, Toshiba, Tohoku Electric Power, Ricoh, Nidec, Fast Retailing, Kansai Electric Power, All Nippon Airways, Inpex, Osaka Gas, Mitsubishi Chemical, Rakuten, Secom, Recruit Holdings, Ajinomoto, Tokyu, Kirin Holdings, Obayashi, Taisei, Suntory Beverage & Food, Shimizu, Daito Trust Construction, Keyence, NEC, Mitsubishi Motors, TDK, Bank of Yokohama, Japan Exchange Group, Kyushu Financial Group, Mitsubishi UFJ Lease, Nippon Yusen, Meiji Holdings, Mitsubishi Materials, Kajima, Asahi Glass, Nitto Denko, Kyushu Electric Power, Tokyo Electron, Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Yamaha Motor, SMC, Kintetsu, Idemitsu Kosan, Lixil Group, Hoya, Oriental Land, Renesas Electronics, Shinsei Bank, Shizuoka Bank, Chiba Bank, Sojitz, Century Tokyo Leasing, Seiko Epson, Mitsui OSK Lines, Yamato Holdings, Electric Power Development, Dai Nippon Printing, Kobe Steel, Fukuoka Financial Group, Shimano, Toppan Printing, Shionogi, Eisai, Chugoku Electric Power, Sharp, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Unicharm, Medipal Holdings, Sekisui Chemical, Nintendo, Terumo, Oji Holdings, NSK, Olympus, IHI, Aozora Bank, Nippon Express, JTEKT, Cosmo Energy Holdings, Alfresa Holdings, OMRON, TonenGeneral Sekiyu, Suzuken, Shiseido, Sumitomo Metal Mining, Hokuhoku Financial Group, Iida Group Holdings, Yamaguchi Financial, Tokyu Fudosan, Joyo Bank, Hiroshima Bank, Nishi-Nippon City Bank, Isetan Mitsukoshi Holdings, North Pacific Bank, Hachijuni Bank, 77 Bank, ONO Pharmaceutical, Bank of Kyoto, Suruga Bank, Chugoku Bank, Gunma Bank, Mitsui Chemicals, Koito Manufacturing, Nitori Holdings, Sumitomo Rubber, Iyo Bank, Yamada Denki, Juroku Bank, Ashikaga Holdings, Showa Shell Sekiyu, Toho Bank, Nippon Steel Trading, Nanto Bank, Hyakugo Bank, Ogaki Kyoritsu Bank, Senshu Ikeda Holdings, Daishi Bank, Tokyo TY Financial Group, Shiga Bank, Orient, San-In Godo Bank, Hyakujushi Bank, Keiyo Bank, Nippon Paper Industries, Kiyo Bank, Hokkoku Bank, Hanwa, Musashino Bank, Sysmex, Haseko, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Konica Minolta, Toyota Boshoku, Japan Securities, Hokkaido Electric Power, Bank of Nagoya, SEIBU, NEXON, Makita, Minato Bank, SBI Holdings, Alps Electric Co, Jaccs.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ 57.156 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

1.179% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

14.7% (2012)

(Data released on Oct 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

4.34% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

3.25% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$ 697 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

motor vehicles 13.6%; semiconductors 6.2%; iron and steel products 5.5%; auto parts 4.6%; plastic materials 3.5%; power generating machinery 3.5%

Total imports

US$ 766.6 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

petroleum 15.5%; liquid natural gas 5.7%; clothing 3.9%; semiconductors 3.5%; coal 3.5%; audio and visual apparatus 2.7% (2011 est.)

Exports - major partners

China 18.1%, US 17.8%, South Korea 7.7%, Thailand 5.5%, Hong Kong 5.1% (2012)

Imports - major partners

China 21.3%, US 8.8%, Australia 6.4%, Saudi Arabia 6.2%, UAE 5%, South Korea 4.6%, Qatar 4% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ -1,758 million US$ 1,732 million US$ 2,304 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ 107,599 million US$ 122,549 million US$ 135,749 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$ 31,268 million US$ 62,372 million US$ 37,795 million US$ 55,122 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Daikin Industries Ltd, Hellman & Friedman LLC, United States, 3.7
 

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

SoftBank Corp, Sprint Nextel Corp, United States, 21.6; Mitsubishi UFJ Finl Grp Inc, Bank of Ayudhya PCL, Thailand, 5.3; Dentsu Inc, Aegis Group PLC, United Kingdom, 4.1

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 27 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 120 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 36 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 66 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 28 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 16 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 23 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 140 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 91 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 26 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 1 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

6

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 25 Score: 72.4 (Mostly Free) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+9

Total area

377,915 sq km

Capital

Tokyo

Currency

yen (JPY)

Government type

a parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy

Languages

Japanese

Religions

Shintoism 83.9%, Buddhism 71.4%, Christianity 2%, other 7.8%

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
123.459 million 126.829 million 128.048 million 127.061 million 124.894 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
43.1% 76% 79% 92%
Population median age

46.1 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.13% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

84.46 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

99% (2002 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

0.4% (2008)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

32.1 (2008)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 50.4%   Mobile 115.2% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

86.25% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Tokyo 7th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

9.2 (2010)

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2012

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