Source
Central bank

Bank of Japan

International Reserves

USD 1189.5 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 5,106.3 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 5,066.1 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
1.7% 2.2% -1% -5.5% 4.7% -0.5% 1.7%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
1.4% 0% 0.5% 0.5% 0.6%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 40,408.4 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 40,090.3 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
7.79% 8.89% 6.66% 4.94% 4.0%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 1.2% 
  • industry: 27.7% 
  • services: 71.1%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

3.6% (2014)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
0.3% 2.8% 0.8% -0.2% 0.5%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
4.0% 3.6% 3.4% 3.2% 3.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

-0.5% (Total, 2014)

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
244.5% 249.1% 248% 250.4% 253%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
-8.6% -6.2% -5.2% -5.2% -5.1%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: A+

Moody's: A1

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 4543.2 billion USD 4378 billion USD 4894.9 billion
Largest companies

Toyota Motor, Japan Post Holdings, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial, Nippon Telegraph & Tel, Softbank, Sumitomo Mitsui Financial, Honda Motor, Nissan Motor, Mizuho Financial, Mitsubishi Corp, KDDI, Hitachi, Tokio Marine Holdings, Sony, Itochu, Denso, Japan Tobacco, Dai-ichi Life Insurance, Mitsui, East Japan Railway, Seven & I Holdings, Panasonic, Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal, Canon, Orix, Bridgestone, Central Japan Railway, Tokyo Electric Power, Mitsubishi Electric, MS&AD Insurance, Fuji Heavy Industries, Marubeni, Toyota Industries, Mitsui Fudosan, NKSJ Holdings, Daiwa House Industry, Sumitomo Mitsui Trust, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Fujifilm Holdings, Chubu Electric Power, Daikin Industries, Suzuki Motor, Komatsu, Kubota, Shin-Etsu Chemical, Kyocera, Astellas Pharma, Mazda Motor, Aisin Seiki, JFE Holdings, Daiwa Securities, Resona Holdings, Otsuka Holding, Murata Manufacturing, Mitsubishi Estate, T&D Holdings, Daiichi Sankyo, Tokyo Gas, Sumitomo Electric, Toray Industries, Aeon, Sumitomo Realty, Fujitsu, Sumitomo Corp, Dentsu, West Japan Railway, Takeda Pharmaceutical, JX Holdings, Asahi Group Holdings, Sekisui House, Asahi Kasei, Sumitomo Chemical, Kao Corp, Japan Airlines, Toyota Tsusho, Isuzu Motors, Fanuc, Toshiba, Tohoku Electric Power, Ricoh, Nidec, Fast Retailing, Kansai Electric Power, All Nippon Airways, Inpex, Osaka Gas, Mitsubishi Chemical, Rakuten, Secom, Recruit Holdings, Ajinomoto, Tokyu, Kirin Holdings, Obayashi, Taisei, Suntory Beverage & Food, Shimizu, Daito Trust Construction, Keyence, NEC, Mitsubishi Motors, TDK, Bank of Yokohama, Japan Exchange Group, Kyushu Financial Group, Mitsubishi UFJ Lease, Nippon Yusen, Meiji Holdings, Mitsubishi Materials, Kajima, Asahi Glass, Nitto Denko, Kyushu Electric Power, Tokyo Electron, Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Yamaha Motor, SMC, Kintetsu, Idemitsu Kosan, Lixil Group, Hoya, Oriental Land, Renesas Electronics, Shinsei Bank, Shizuoka Bank, Chiba Bank, Sojitz, Century Tokyo Leasing, Seiko Epson, Mitsui OSK Lines, Yamato Holdings, Electric Power Development, Dai Nippon Printing, Kobe Steel, Fukuoka Financial Group, Shimano, Toppan Printing, Shionogi, Eisai, Chugoku Electric Power, Sharp, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Unicharm, Medipal Holdings, Sekisui Chemical, Nintendo, Terumo, Oji Holdings, NSK, Olympus, IHI, Aozora Bank, Nippon Express, JTEKT, Cosmo Energy Holdings, Alfresa Holdings, OMRON, TonenGeneral Sekiyu, Suzuken, Shiseido, Sumitomo Metal Mining, Hokuhoku Financial Group, Iida Group Holdings, Yamaguchi Financial, Tokyu Fudosan, Joyo Bank, Hiroshima Bank, Nishi-Nippon City Bank, Isetan Mitsukoshi Holdings, North Pacific Bank, Hachijuni Bank, 77 Bank, ONO Pharmaceutical, Bank of Kyoto, Suruga Bank, Chugoku Bank, Gunma Bank, Mitsui Chemicals, Koito Manufacturing, Nitori Holdings, Sumitomo Rubber, Iyo Bank, Yamada Denki, Juroku Bank, Ashikaga Holdings, Showa Shell Sekiyu, Toho Bank, Nippon Steel Trading, Nanto Bank, Hyakugo Bank, Ogaki Kyoritsu Bank, Senshu Ikeda Holdings, Daishi Bank, Tokyo TY Financial Group, Shiga Bank, Orient, San-In Godo Bank, Hyakujushi Bank, Keiyo Bank, Nippon Paper Industries, Kiyo Bank, Hokkoku Bank, Hanwa, Musashino Bank, Sysmex, Haseko, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Konica Minolta, Toyota Boshoku, Japan Securities, Hokkaido Electric Power, Bank of Nagoya, SEIBU, NEXON, Makita, Minato Bank, SBI Holdings, Alps Electric Co, Jaccs.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD 171.0 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

3.3% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

17.9% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

3.8% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

3.3% (2015)

Total exports

USD 641.4 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Motor vehicles 14.9%; iron and steel products 5.4%; semiconductors 5%; auto parts 4.8%; power generating machinery 3.5%; plastic materials 3.3% (2014 estimate)

Total imports

USD 629.8 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Petroleum 16.1%; liquid natural gas 9.1%; clothing 3.8%; semiconductors 3.3%; coal 2.4%; audio and visual apparatus 1.4% (2014 estimate)

Exports - major partners

US 20.2%, China 17.5%, South Korea 7.1%, Hong Kong 5.6%, Thailand 4.5% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 24.8%, US 10.5%, Australia 5.4%, South Korea 4.1% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 2,304 million USD 2,090 million USD -2,250 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 135,749 million USD 113,595 million USD 128,654 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 37795.1 million USD 58275.3 million USD 45644.6 million USD 50381.2 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

Suntory Holdings Ltd, Beam Inc, United States, USD 13.9 billion / Investor Group, Grohe AG, Germany, USD 4.0 billion

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co Ltd, HCC Insurance Holdings Inc, United States, USD 7.5 billion / The Dai-ichi Life Insurance Co Ltd, Protective Life Corp, United States, USD 5.7 billion / Japan Post Co Ltd, Toll Holdings Ltd, Australia, USD 5.1 billion

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 34 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 89 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 48 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 49 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 82 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 53 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 49 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 70 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 60 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 15 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 2 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

8 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 22 / Score: 73.09 (Mostly free) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+9

Total area

377,915 sq km

Capital

Tokyo

Currency

Yen (JPY)

Government type

Parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Languages

Japanese

Religions

Shintoism 79.2%, Buddhism 66.8%, Christianity 1.5%, other 7.1%
note: total adherents exceeds 100% because many people practice both Shintoism and Buddhism (2012 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
123.438 million 126.831 million 127.594 million 126.804 million 124.174 million

*Estimate

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
63% 76% 79% 94%
Population median age

46.9 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

-0.19% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

85 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

N/A

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2017)                        

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 50.23%   Mobile 126.54% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

91.06% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Tokyo: 5th
Osaka:22nd
Nagoya: 54th

(2016)

CO2 emissions

9.8 (2013)

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