Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Jordan

International Reserves

US$ 12.095 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2012)

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 31.45 billion (2010 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

38.393 billion of International dollars (2010 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
5.3% 5.8% 4.2% 8.6% 8.1% 7.9% 8.5% 7.2%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
5.5% 2.3% 2.5% 2.8%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 4,916 (2009 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$6,002 International Dollars (2009 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
0.04% 0.03% 0.04% 0.05% 0.05%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 4.4% 
  • industry: 30.3% 
  • services: 65.2% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
-0.7%(2008) 5% 4.4% 4.9%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
12.9% 12.5% 12.9%(2009) 12.9%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
60.3% 64.5% 66.8% 69.8% 71.9%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
-4.3% -8.5% -5.6% -6.2% -5.2%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BB

Moody's rating: Ba2

Moody's outlook: NEG

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
US$31.86 billion US$30.86 billion US$27.18 billion
Largest companies in Jordan

Arab Bank (Regional Banks) (2012)

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -2.6 billion (2010 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-8.3% of GDP (2010 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

44.5% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.04%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.11% (2011)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$7.836 billion (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

clothing, fertilizers, potash, phosphates, vegetables, pharmaceuticals

Total imports

US$20.83 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

crude oil, machinery, transport equipment, iron, cereals

Exports - major partners

Iraq 15.3%, US 14.7%, India 12.5%, Saudi Arabia 9.6%, Lebanon 4.4% (2011)

Imports - major partners

Saudi Arabia 22.4%, China 10.6%, US 6.2%, Italy 5.1%, Germany 4.2%, Egypt 4.1% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$2,413 million US$1,651 million(2009) US$1,469 million(2009)
FDI outflows
2009 2010 2011  
US$72 million US$28 million US$31 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
US$322 million N/A(2009) US$-34 million(2009) US$37 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 106 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 103 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 129 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 102 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 167 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 128 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 52 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 35 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 102 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 38 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 112 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

64

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 32 Score: 69.9 (Moderately Free) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

89,342 km2 (2006)

Capital

Amman (2009)

Currency

Jordanian dinars (JOD) (2009)

Government type

constitutional monarchy (2009)

Languages

Arabic (official), English widely understood among upper and middle classes

Religions

Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shia Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 estimate)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
2.23 million 3.47 million 4.86 million 6.4 million 7.17 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
50.9% 59.9% 78.3% 82.7%
Population median age

21 years (2010)

Population growth rate

2.2% (2011)

Life expectancy

73 years (2010)

Adult literacy

92% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

3.46% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

35.43 (2010)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:6
Civil Liberties:5 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

125.55% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

34.9% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Amman: 103rd (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

3.742 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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