Source
Central bank

National Bank of Kazakhstan

International Reserves

US$ 29.215 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2012)

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 198.907 billion (2011 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

232.441 billion of International dollars (2011 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
13.5% 9.8% 9.3% 9.6% 9.7% 10.7% 8.9% 3.2%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
1.2% 7.3% 7.5% 5.9%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 11,917 (2011 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$13,926 International Dollars (2011 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
N/A N/A 0.17% 0.27% 0.3%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 4.6% 
  • industry: 34.2% 
  • services: 55.7% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
7.3%(2008) 7.1% 8.3% 5.5%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
6.6% 5.8% 5.4%(2009) 5.4%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
6.7% 10.2% 10.7% 10.9% 9.6%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
1.2% -1.3% 1.5% 5.8% 4.4%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB+

Moody's rating: Baa2

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
US$57.66 billion US$60.74 billion US$43.3 billion
Largest companies in Kazakhstan

KazMunaiGas Exploration (Oil & Gas Operations), BTA Bank (Regional Banks) (2012)

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ 13.1 billion (2010 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

6.6% of GDP (2010 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

44% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.48%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.1% (2011)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$88.61 billion (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

oil and oil products 59%, ferrous metals 19%, chemicals 5%, machinery 3%, grain, wool, meat, coal

Total imports

US$42.82 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and equipment, metal products, foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

China 21.7%, France 9.4%, Germany 8.3%, Russia 5.3%, Italy 5.2%, Canada 4.5%, Romania 4.5% (2011)

Imports - major partners

China 30.2%, Russia 20%, Germany 7.4%, Ukraine 5% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$13,243 million US$10,768 million(2009) US$12,910 million(2009)
FDI outflows
2009 2010 2011  
US$3,159 million US$7,837 million US$4,530 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
US$2,047 million N/A(2009) US$1,462 million(2009) US$8,081 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 49 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 25 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 28 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 28 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 83 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 10 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 182 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 17 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 155 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 80 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 55 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

51

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 65 Score: 63.6 (Moderately Free) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

2,724,900 km2 (2006)

Capital

Astana (2009)

Currency

tenge (KZT) (2009)

Government type

republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch (2009)

Languages

Kazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 95% (2001 estimate)

Religions

Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
N/A N/A 14.87 million 16.69 million 16.77 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
44.2% 54.1% 56.3% 53.6%
Population median age

29 years (2010)

Population growth rate

1.4% (2011)

Life expectancy

67 years (2010)

Adult literacy

100% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

<2% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

29.04 (2009)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:6
Civil Liberties:5 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

168.7% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

45% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

14.2543 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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