Source
Central bank

National Bank of Kazakhstan

International Reserves

USD 20.5 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 148.3 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 473.2 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
10.7% 8.9% 3.3% 1.2% 7.3% 7.5% 5%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
6% 4.3% 1.2% -0.8% 0.6%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 8,140.8 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 25,979.5 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
N/A N/A 0.24% 0.36% 0.4%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 5.1% 
  • industry: 33% 
  • services: 61.9%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
5.8% 6.7% 6.5% 13.1% 9.3%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
5.2% 5.0% 5.0% 5.0% 5.0%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
12.2% 14.1% 21.9% 21.4% 21.3%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
4.8% 1.7% -6.8% -5.6% -4.1%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB-

Moody's: Baa3

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 26.2 billion USD 23 billion USD 34.9 billion
Largest companies

Halyk Bank

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -0.03 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

0.0% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

28.5% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.3% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.1% (2015)

Total exports

USD 35.3 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Oil and oil products, natural gas, ferrous metals, chemicals, machinery, grain, wool, meat, coal

Total imports

USD 24.5 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and equipment, metal products, foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

China 15.1%, Russia 12.3%, France 9.2%, Germany 7.9%, Italy 6.7%, Greece 4.1% (2015)

Imports - major partners

Russia 32.9%, China 25.9%, Germany 4.2% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 10,321 million USD 8,406 million USD 4,021 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 2,287 million USD 3,639 million USD 616 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD -31.6 million N/A USD -1.3 million USD 1.3 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 35 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 45 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 9 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 18 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 75 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 3 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 119 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 60 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 22 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 75 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 37 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

53 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 68 / Score: 63.61 (Moderately free) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+6

Total area

2,724,900 sq km

Capital

Astana

Currency

Tenge (KZT)

Government type

Presidential republic

Languages

Kazakh (official, Qazaq) 74% (understand spoken language), Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 94.4% (understand spoken language (2009 est.)

Religions

Muslim 70.2%, Christian 26.2% (mainly Russian Orthodox), other 0.2%, atheist 2.8%, unspecified 0.5% (2009 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
N/A 14.866 million 16.434 million 17.947 million 19.331 million

*Estimate  

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
44% 54% 56% 53%
Population median age

30.3 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

1.09% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

70.8 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 99.8%
Male: 99.8%
Female: 99.8% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

0.1% (2013)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

26.3 (2013)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 7
Civil Liberties: 5 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 24.73%   Mobile 156.88% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

70.83% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Almaty: 196th (2016)

CO2 emissions

15.4 (2013)

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