Source
Central bank

National Bank of Kazakhstan

International Reserves

US$ 26.969 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2014)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 217 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

265 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
9.3% 9.6% 9.7% 10.7% 8.9% 3.3% 1.2% 7.3%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
7.5% 5.0% 6.0% 5.7%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 12,456 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$15,219 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
N/A N/A 0.17% 0.26% 0.29%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 5.2% 
  • industry: 37.9% 
  • services: 56.9% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
8.3% 5.1% 5.8% 9.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
5.4% 5.3% 5.2% 5.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
10.7% 10.4% 12.4% 13.5% 13.3%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
1.5% 6.0% 4.5% 5.0% 4.3%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB+

Moody's rating: Baa2

Moody's outlook: POS

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010* 2011 2012**
US$60.74 billion

US$43.3 billion

US$23.5 billion

*2010 Estimate       **2012 Estimate   

Largest companies in Kazakhstan

KazMunaiGas Exploration, Bta Bank, Halyk Bank

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ 4.106 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

1.894% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

39.5% (2013)

(Data released on Oct 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.47% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.1% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$ 87.230 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

oil and oil products, natural gas, ferrous metals, chemicals, machinery, grain, wool, meat, coal

Total imports

US$ 52.030 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and equipment, metal products, foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

China 19.3%, Italy 18.1%, Netherlands 8.8%, France 6.6%, Switzerland 5.8%, Austria 5.8% (2012)

Imports - major partners

China 28%, Ukraine 10.9%, Germany 8.5%, US 7.9% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ 13,760 million US$ 13,785 million US$ 9,739 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ 5,178 million US$ 1,959 million US$ 1,948 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$ 1,462 million US$ 8,088 million US$ -32 million US$0 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

NK KazMunaiGaz, BG Group PLC, United Kingdom, 3.0

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 50 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 30 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 27 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 18 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 86 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 22 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 186 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 18 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 145 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 87 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 54 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

50

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 67 Score: 63.7 (Moderately Free) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+6

Total area

2,724,900 sq km

Capital

Astana

Currency

tenge (KZT)

Government type

republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch

Languages

Kazakh (official, Qazaq) 64.4%, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 95% (2001 est.)

Religions

Muslim 70.2%, Christian 26.2% (mainly Russian Orthodox), other 0.2%, atheist 2.8%, unspecified 0.5% (2009 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
N/A 14.866 million

16.434 million

17.405 million 18.702 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
44.2% 54% 56% 53%
Population median age

29.7 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

1.17% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

70.24 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

99.7% (2009 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

0.8% (2010)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

28.6 (2010)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 6
Civil Liberties: 5 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 26.7%   Mobile 180.5% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

54.00% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Almaty 111th (2014)
 

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

15.2 (2010)
 

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