Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Kenya

International Reserves

US$ 6.599 billion (Source: World Bank; Data updated: 2013)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 52 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

87 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
2.8% 4.6% 5.9% 6.3% 7.0% 1.5% 2.7% 5.8%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
4.4% 4.6% 5.6% 6.3%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 1,138 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$1,903 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0.10% 0.11% 0.09% 0.09% 0.10%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 29.3% 
  • industry: 17.4% 
  • services: 53.3% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
14.0% 9.4% 5.7% 6.6%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014%
N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
55.1% 52.6% 50.5% 50.5% 51.1%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-5.4% -5.0% -6.2% -6.2% -5.5%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: B+

Moody's rating: B1

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010* 2011 2012**
US$14.46 billion N/A US$14.79 billion

*2010 Estimate     **2012 Estimate

Largest companies in Kenya

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -4.987 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-9.622% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

27.6% (2012)

(Data released on Oct 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.03% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.09% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$ 6.58 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement

Total imports

US$ 15.86 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and transportation equipment, petroleum products, motor vehicles, iron and steel, resins and plastics

Exports - major partners

Uganda 10.3%, Tanzania 10%, Netherlands 7.7%, UK 7.2%, US 6.3%, Egypt 4.8%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 4.4% (2012)

Imports - major partners

India 20.9%, China 15.4%, UAE 9.8%, Saudi Arabia 6.9% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ 335 million US$ 259 million US$ 514 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ 9 million US$ 16 million US$ 6 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$ 0 million US$ -3 million US$ 0 million US$ 0 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 129 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 134 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 151 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 163 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 13 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 98 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 156 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 166 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 47 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 166 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 123 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

90

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 111 Score: 57.1 (Mostly Unfree) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+3

Total area

580,367 sq km

Capital

Nairobi

Currency

Kenyan shillings (KES)

Government type

republic

Languages

English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages

Religions

Christian 82.5% (Protestant 47.4%, Catholic 23.3%, other 11.8%), Muslim 11.1%, Traditionalists 1.6%, other 1.7%, none 2.4%, unspecified 0.7% (2009 census)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
24.479 million 31.285 million 40.909 million 45.547 million 51.878 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
7.4% 16% 20% 25%
Population median age

19.1 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

2.11% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

63.52 years (2014 est.)

Adult literacy

87.4% (2010 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

67.2% (2005)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

47.7 (2005)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 4
Civil Liberties: 3 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed  0.5%   Mobile 70.6% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

39.00% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Nairobi 117th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.3 (2010)

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