Source
Central bank

National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic

International Reserves

USD 1.8 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 6.2 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 22.0 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
3.1% 8.5% 7.6% 2.9% -0.5% 6% -0.9%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
10.9% 4% 3.5% 2.2% 2.3%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 1,015.8 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 3,574.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
N/A N/A 0.02% 0.02% 0.02%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 17.9% 
  • industry: 25.9% 
  • services: 56.2%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
6.6% 7.5% 6.5% 1.1% 7.4%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
7.7% 7.6% 7.5% 7.4% 7.3%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
46.1% 52.3% 66% 72.1% 72.2%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-3.7% 1.9% -1.2% -4.5% -2.7%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: NR

Moody's: B2

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -0.9 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-14.9% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

36.2% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.01% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.02% (2015)

Total exports

USD 1.5 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Gold, cotton, wool, garments, meat; mercury, uranium, electricity; machinery; shoes

Total imports

USD 3.1 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Oil and gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

Switzerland 26%, Uzbekistan 22.6%, Kazakhstan 20.8%, UAE 4.9%, Turkey 4.5%, Afghanistan 4.5%, Russia 4.2% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 56.4%, Russia 17.1%, Kazakhstan 9.9% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 626 million USD 248 million USD 404 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 0.0 million USD 0.0 million N/A
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 75 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Overall ranking: 75 out of 190 countries

Starting a business: 30 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 141 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 8 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 32 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 42 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 79 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 148 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 32 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 163 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 130 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

111 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 96 / Score: 59.61 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+6

Total area

199,951 sq km

Capital

Bishkek

Currency

Soms (KGS)

Government type

Parliamentary republic

Languages

Kyrgyz (official) 71.4%, Uzbek 14.4%, Russian (official) 9%, other 5.2% (2009 est.)

Religions

Muslim 75%, Russian Orthodox 20%, other 5%

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
N/A 4.922 million 5.478 million 6.059 million 6.491 million

*Estimate

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
34% 39% 35% 36%
Population median age

26.2 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

1.09% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

70.7 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 99.5%
Male: 99.6%
Female: 99.4% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

3.0% (2014 estimate)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

26.8 (2014)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 5
Civil Liberties: 5 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 7.15%   Mobile 132.80% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

30.25% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Bishkek: 207th (2016)

CO2 emissions

1.7 (2013)

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