Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Lesotho

International Reserves

US$ 1.027 billion (Source: World Bank; Data updated: 2012)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 3 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

5 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
4.3% 2.3% 2.9% 4.1% 4.9% 5.1% 4.5% 5.6%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
4.3% 6.0% 5.8% 5.6%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 1,322 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$2,411 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0% 0% 0% 0.01% 0.01%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 7.4% 
  • industry: 34.5% 
  • services: 58.2% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
5.0% 6.2% 5.3% 4.7%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
34.9% 37.8% 39.5% 39.6% 38.9%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 214*
-5.0% -10.6% 5.0% 3.0% 1.7%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Lesotho

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -19 million (2014 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-.75% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

48.9% (2012)

(Data released on Oct 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.01%(2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$ 941.2 million (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

manufactures (clothing, footwear), wool and mohair, food and live animals, electricity, water, diamonds

Total imports

US$ 2.148 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

food; building materials, vehicles, machinery, medicines, petroleum products

Exports - major partners

N/A

Imports - major partners

N/A

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ 53 million US$ 50 million US$ 44 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ 22 million US$ 20 million US$ 17 milliom  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$ 0 million US$ 0 million US$ 0 million US$ 0 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 136 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 89 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 144 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 88 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 159 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 98 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 144 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 101 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 145 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 136 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 104 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

107

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 154 Score: 49.5 (Repressed) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

30,355 km2 (2006)

Capital

Maseru (2009)

Currency

maloti (LSL) (2009)

Government type

parliamentary constitutional monarchy (2009)

Languages

Sesotho (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa

Religions

Christian 80%, indigenous beliefs 20%

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
1.36 million 1.72 million 2.11 million 1.96 million 2.03 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
3.4% 11.5% 20% 27.6%
Population median age

20 years (2010)

Population growth rate

1% (2011)

Life expectancy

48 years (2010)

Adult literacy

90% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

62.25% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

52.5 (2003)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:3
Civil Liberties:3 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

49.54% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

4.22% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

N/A

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