Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Lesotho

International Reserves

US$ 1.027 billion (Source: World Bank; Data updated: 2012)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 3 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

5 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
4.3% 2.3% 2.9% 4.1% 4.9% 5.1% 4.5% 5.6%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
4.3% 6.0% 5.8% 5.6%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 1,322 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$2,411 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0% 0% 0% 0.01% 0.01%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 7.4% 
  • industry: 34.5% 
  • services: 58.2% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
5.0% 6.2% 5.3% 4.7%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
34.9% 37.8% 39.5% 39.6% 38.9%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 214*
-5.0% -10.6% 5.0% 3.0% 1.7%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Lesotho

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -19 million (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-0.75% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

48.9% (2012)

(Data released on Oct 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.01% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$ 941.2 million (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

manufactures (clothing, footwear), wool and mohair, food and live animals, electricity, water, diamonds

Total imports

US$ 2.148 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

food; building materials, vehicles, machinery, medicines, petroleum products

Exports - major partners

N/A

Imports - major partners

N/A

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ 53 million US$ 50 million US$ 44 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ 22 million US$ 20 million US$ 17 milliom  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$ 0 million US$ 0 million US$ 0 million US$ 0 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 136 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 89 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 144 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 88 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 159 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 98 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 144 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 101 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 145 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 136 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 104 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

107

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 154 Score: 49.5 (Repressed) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+2

Total area

30,355 sq km

Capital

Maseru

Currency

maloti (LSL)

Government type

parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Languages

Sesotho (official) (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa

Religions

Christian 80%, indigenous beliefs 20%

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
1.523 million 1.861 million 1.892 million 1.911 million 1.935 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
3.4% 11% 20% 26%
Population median age

23.6 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

0.34% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

52.65 years  (2014 est.)

Adult literacy

89.6% (2010 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

73.4% (2010)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

54.2 (2010)
(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 2
Civil Liberties: 3 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed  2.8%   Mobile  86.3% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

5.00% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.0 (2010)

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