Source
Central bank

Reserve Bank of Malawi

International Reserves

US$ 217.026 million (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2012)

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 5.727 billion (2009 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

14.68 billion of International dollars (2009 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
-4.1% 1.7% 5.5% 5.5% 2.6% 7.7% 5.8% 8.3%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
9% 6.5% 5.5% 4.3%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 344 (2009 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$883 International Dollars (2009 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02% 0.02%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 30.3% 
  • industry: 16.3% 
  • services: 53.4% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
8.4%(2008) 7.4% 7.6% 11.1%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
N/A N/A N/A(2009) N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
41.2% 40.1% 35.1% 42.5% 42.7%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
-5.1% -5% 1.5% -7.9% -2.5%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
US$1.383 billion US$1.363 billion US$1.384 billion
Largest companies in Malawi

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -123 million (2011 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-2.1% of GDP (2009 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

30.6% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.01%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0% (2010)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$860 million (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

tobacco 53%, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel

Total imports

US$1.752 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

food, petroleum products, semi-manufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment

Exports - major partners

Canada 12.3%, South Africa 9%, Zimbabwe 8.9%, Germany 8.7%, US 6%, Russia 6%, UK 4.1%, China 4.1% (2011)

Imports - major partners

South Africa 41.1%, India 8.4%, Zambia 8.1%, China 7.6%, Tanzania 4.9%, US 4.4% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$55 million US$58 million(2009) US$56 million(2009)
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A(2009) N/A(2009) N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 157 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 141 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 144 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 97 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 129 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 82 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 168 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 58 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 175 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 179 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 134 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

129

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 114 Score: 56.4 (Mostly Unfree) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

118,484 km2 (2006)

Capital

Lilongwe (2009)

Currency

Malawian kwachas (MWK) (2009)

Government type

multiparty democracy (2009)

Languages

Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998 census)

Religions

Christian 79.9%, Muslim 12.8%, other 3%, none 4.3% (1998 census)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
6.18 million 9.46 million 11.37 million 16.63 million 19.17 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
4.4% 9.1% 15.2% 15.7%
Population median age

17 years (2010)

Population growth rate

3.2% (2011)

Life expectancy

54 years (2010)

Adult literacy

74% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

90.45% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

39.02 (2004)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:3
Civil Liberties:4 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

26.2% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

3.33% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.0734 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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