Source
Central bank

N/A

International Reserves

US$ 968 million (Source: World Bank; Data updated: 2012)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 4 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

9 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
5.6% 5.2% 5.4% 11.4% 1.0% 3.5% -1.2% 4.3%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
4.0% 7.0% 6.7% 6.8%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 1,170 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$2,349 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
N/A 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 16.9% 
  • industry: 54.6% 
  • services: 28.5% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
5.7% 4.9% 4.1% 4.7%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
89.6% 81.3% 89.5% 87.7% 67.5%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-2.0% -1.5% 2.8% -1.1% 0.2%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Mauritania

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -1.169 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-26.269% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

61.5% (2012)

(Data released on Oct 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.01% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$2.728 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

iron ore, fish and fish products, gold, copper, petroleum

Total imports

US$3.355 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Exports - major partners

China 50.5%, Italy 7.8%, Japan 7.3%, France 4.9%, Spain 4.2%, Cote dIvoire 4.1%, Netherlands 4% (2012)

Imports - major partners

China 12.9%, Netherlands 10.5%, US 7.8%, France 7.8%, Brazil 5.6%, Germany 5.5%, Spain 5.1%, Belgium 4.7% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ 589 million US$ 1,383 million US$ 1,154 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ 4 million US$ 4 million US$ 4 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 173 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 173 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 75 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 67 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 170 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 147 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 152 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 181 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 123 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 124 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 189 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

141

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 134 Score: 53.2 (Mostly Unfree) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC 0

Total area

1,030,700 sq km

Capital

Nouakchott

Currency

ouguiyas (MRO)

Government type

military junta

Languages

Arabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French, Hassaniya (a variety of Arabic)

Religions

Muslim (official) 100%

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
1.996 million 2.643 million 3.46 million 3.804 million 4.283 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
6.9% 27% 49% 51%
Population median age

19.9 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

2.26% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

62.28 years (2014 est.)

Adult literacy

58.6% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

47.7% (2008)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

40.5 (2008)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 6
Civil Liberties: 5 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed  1.4%   Mobile 102.5% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

6.20% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Nouakchott 191st (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.6 (2010)

World’s Best Investment Banks

World's Best Banks By Region