Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Mauritania

International Reserves

USD 1 billion (2012)

World Bank, data retrieved January 2017

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 4.8 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 17.8 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
18.9% 2.8% 1.1% -1% 4.8% 4.7% 5.8%
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*    
6.1% 5.4% 1.2% 3.2% 4.4%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 1,234.3 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 4,588.5 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
N/A 0.01% 0.01% 0.01% 0.01%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 24.1% 
  • industry: 34.8% 
  • services: 41.1%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
4.1% 3.8% 0.5% 1.3% 4.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
66.2% 77.1% 91.2% 75% 81.5%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
-0.8% -3.3% -3.4% -0.4% -1.8%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -1.2 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-24.9% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

37.7% (2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.009% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.005% (2014)

Total exports

USD 1.2 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Iron ore, fish and fish products, gold, copper, petroleum

Total imports

USD 1.6 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Exports - major partners

China 32.7%, Switzerland 11.1%, Spain 8.6%, Italy 6.7%, Cote dIvoire 6.6%, Japan 5.7% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 25.5%, Algeria 8.4%, France 6.3%, Morocco 5.1%, Spain 4.8%, Brazil 4.5%, US 4% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 1,126 million USD 500 million USD 495 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 13 million USD 30 million USD 15 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 160 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 80 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 83 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 102 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 157 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 123 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 137 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 188 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 118 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 146 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 169 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

137 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 128 / Score: 54.8 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC 0

Total area

1,030,700 sq km

Capital

Nouakchott

Currency

Ouguiyas (MRO)

Government type

Presidential republic

Languages

Arabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French

Note: the spoken Arabic in Mauritania differs considerably from the modern standard Arabic used for official written purposes or in the media; the Mauritanian dialect, which incorporates many Berber words, is referred to as Hassaniya

Religions

Muslim (official) 100%

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
1.996 million 2.643 million 3.285 million 3.794 million 4.24 million

*Estimate  

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
7% 27% 49% 60%
Population median age

20.3 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

2.2% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

63 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 52.1%
Male: 62.6%
Female: 41.6% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

6% (2014)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

32.4 (2014)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 6
Civil Liberties: 5 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 1.26%   Mobile 89.32% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

15.20% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Nouakchott: 178th (2016)

CO2 emissions

0.7 (2013)

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