Source
Central bank

Bank of Mexico

International Reserves

USD 173.7 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 1,124.3 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 2,410.9 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
5% 3.2% 1.4% -4.7% 5.1% 4.1% 4%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
1.4% 2.3% 2.5% 2.1% 2.3%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 9,102.4 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 19,518.9 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
3.04% 2.66% 2.49% 2.04% 1.9%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 3.7% 
  • industry: 33.1% 
  • services: 63.2%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

0.5% (2014)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
3.8% 4.0% 2.7% 2.8% 3.3%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
4.9% 4.8% 4.4% 4.1% 3.9%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

5.4% (Total, 2013)

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
46.4% 49.5% 54% 56% 56.1%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-3.7% -4.6% -4.1% -3% -3%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB+

Moody's: A3

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 526 billion USD 480.2 billion USD 402.3 billion
Largest companies

América Móvil, Femsa, GFNorte, Grupo Mexico, Grupo Televisa, Cemex, Grupo Inbursa, Grupo Bimbo, ALFA, El Puerto de Liverpool, Arca Continental, Grupo Carso, Corporacion Geo, Desarrolladora Homex, Fibra Uno.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -31.0 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-2.8% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

35.4% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

2.3% (2015)

 

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.5% (2015)​

Total exports

USD 359.3 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Manufactured goods, oil and oil products, silver, fruits, vegetables, coffee, cotton

Total imports

USD 372.8 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Metalworking machines, steel mill products, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, automobile parts for assembly and repair, aircraft, aircraft parts

Exports - major partners

US 81.1% (2015)

Imports - major partners

US 47.3%, China 17.7%, Japan 4.4% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 45,855 million USD 25,675 million USD 30,285 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 13,138 million USD 8,304 million USD 8,072 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 6503.6 million USD 3847.2 million USD 5371.7 million USD 2393.5 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 47 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 93 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 40 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 101 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 5 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 53 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 61 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 114 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 83 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 98 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 30 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

51 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 62 / Score: 65.18 (Moderately free) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC-6

Total area

1,964,375 sq km

Capital

Mexico City (Ciudad de Mexico)

Currency

Mexican pesos (MXN)

Government type

Federal presidential republic

Languages

Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%

Note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005)

Religions

Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
87.065 million 100.896 million 114.256 million 122.273 million 128.231 million

*Estimate 

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
51% 66% 75% 79%
Population median age

28 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

1.15% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

75.9 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 95.1%
Male: 96.2%
Female: 94.2% (2012 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

3.0% (2014)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

48.2 (2014)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 3
Civil Liberties: 3 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 15.88%   Mobile 85.99% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

57.43% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Mexico City: 169th
Monterrey: 197th

(2016)

CO2 emissions

3.9 (2013)

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