Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Nepal

International Reserves

US$ 6.700 billion (Source: World Bank; Data updated: 2013)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 18 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

45 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
3.9% 4.7% 3.5% 3.4% 3.4% 6.1% 4.5% 4.8%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
3.4% 4.9% 3.6% 4.5%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 640 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$1,576 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0.04% 0.04% 0.05% 0.05% 0.05%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 36.8% 
  • industry: 14.5% 
  • services: 48.7% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
9.6% 8.3% 9.9% 9.8%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
35.4% 33.0% 34.1% 31.0% 29.9%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-0.8% -1.0% -0.6% 2.0% 0.3%

*Estimate 

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010* 2011 2012**
US$5.235 billion US$3.849 billion US$4.16 billion

*2010 Estimate   **2012 Estimate 

Largest companies in Nepal

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ 439 million (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

2.415% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

10.7% (2013)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.0% (2012)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.02% (2012)

Total exports

US$1.060 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

clothing, pulses, carpets, textiles, juice, pashima, jute goods

Total imports

US$6.329 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

petroleum products, machinery and equipment, gold, electrical goods, medicine

Exports - major partners

India 93.9%, Bangladesh 4%, Italy 0.4% (2013 est.)

Imports - major partners

India 79.4%, South Korea 3.1%, China 2.5% (2013 est.)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$95 million US$92 million US$74 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$0 US$0 US$0 US$0
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 105 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 97 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 139 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 24 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 55 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 80 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 177 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 126 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 105 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 98 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 125 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

102

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 149 Score: 50.1 (Mostly Unfree) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+5.75

Total area

147,181 sq km

Capital

Kathmandu

Currency

Nepalese rupees (NPR)

Government type

federal democratic republic

Languages

Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, unspecified 0.2%

Religions

Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecifed 0.2% (2011 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
18.111 million 23.184 million 26.846 million 28.364 million 30.536 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
3.5% 6% 13% 18%
Population median age

22.9 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

1.82% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

67.19 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

57.4% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

56.0% (2010)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

32.8 (2010)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 4
Civil Liberties: 4 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 3.1%   Mobile 71.5% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

13.30% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.1 (2010)

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