Source
Central bank

Reserve Bank of New Zealand

International Reserves

US$ 18.640 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2014)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 196 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

143 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
4.2% 4.4% 3.2% 2.8% 3.4% -0.8% -1.4% 2.1%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
1.9% 2.6% 2.4% 3.3%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 43,429 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$31,692 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0.22% 0.20% 0.18% 0.16% 0.16%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 5% 
  • industry: 25.5% 
  • services: 69.5% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
4.0% 1.1% 1.1% 2.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
6.5% 6.9% 6.1% 5.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

0.2% (Net saving; 2014 forecast)

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
31.9% 37.0% 37.5% 35.9% 33.3%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-5.1%% -4.9% -1.6% -0.6% 0.3%

*Estimate  

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AA

Moody's rating: Aaa

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010* 2011 2012**
US$71.83 billion US$71.66 billion US$NA

*2010 Estimate     **2012 Estimate 

Largest companies in New Zealand

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -9.57 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-4.877% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

29.7% (2013)

 

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.2% (2012)

 

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.26% (2012)

Total exports

US$37.840 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

dairy products, meat, wood and wood products, fish, machinery

Total imports

US$37.350 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and equipment, vehicles, aircraft, petroleum, electronics, textiles, plastics

Exports - major partners

Australia 21.1%, China 15%, US 9.2%, Japan 7% (2012)

Imports - major partners

China 16.4%, Australia 15.2%, US 9.3%, Japan 6.5%, Singapore 4.8%, Germany 4.4% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$4,412 million US$2,202 million US$987 million  
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$2,525 million US$-510 million US$691 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$4,933 million US$5,063 million US$113 million US$899 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 3 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 1 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 18 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 2 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 3 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 1 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 21 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 23 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 12 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 45 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 12 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

17

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 5 Score: 82.1 (Free) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+12

Total area

 267,710 sq km

Capital

Wellington

Currency

New Zealand dollars (NZD)

Government type

parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Languages

English (de facto official) 89.8%, Maori (de jure official) 3.5%, Samoan 2%, Hindi 1.6%, French 1.2%, Northern Chinese 1.2%, Yue 1%, Other or not stated 20.5%, New Zealand Sign Language (de jure official)

 

Religions

Christian 44.3% (Catholic 11.6%, Anglican 10.8%, Presbyterian and Congregational 7.8%, Methodist, 2.4%, Pentecostal 1.8%, other 9.9%), Hindu 2.1%, Buddhist 1.4%, Maori Christian 1.3%, Islam 1.1%, other religion 1.4% (includes Judaism, Spiritualism and New Age religions, Baha'i, Asian religions other than Buddhism), no religion 38.5%, not stated or unidentified 8.2%, objected to answering 4.1%  percentages add up to more than 100% because people were able to identify more than one religion (2013 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
3.411 million 3.863 million 4.376 million 4.518 million 4.702 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
76% 83% 86% 86%
Population median age

37.6 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

0.83% (2014 est.)

 

Life expectancy

80.93 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

99% (2003 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 41.1%   Mobile 105.8% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

82.78% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Wellington 79th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

7.2 (2010)

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