Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Nicaragua

International Reserves

US$ 2.032 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2014)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 12 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

29 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
2.5% 5.3% 4.3% 4.2% 5.0% 4.0% -2.2% 3.6%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
5.4% 5.2% 4.2% 4.0%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 1,929 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$4,758 International Dollars (20014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0.05% 0.03% 0.03% 0.03% 0.03%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 17.1% 
  • industry: 25.5% 
  • services: 57.5% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
8.1% 7.2% 7.4% 7.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
5.9% 5.9% 6.2% 6.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
50.1% 45.4% 43.2% 42.4% 40.6%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-0.8% 0.7% 0.1% -0.5% -0.1%

*Estimate  

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: B3

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept  2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Nicaragua

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -1.515 billion (2013 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-12.697% of GDP (2013 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

40.5% (2013)

(Data released on October 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.01% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.01% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Total exports

US$2.401 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

coffee, beef, gold, sugar, peanuts, shrimp and lobster, tobacco, cigars, automobile wiring harnesses, textiles, apparel, cotton

Total imports

US$5.650 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

consumer goods, machinery and equipment, raw materials, petroleum products

Exports - major partners

United States 25.2%, Venezuela 16%, Canada 13.1%, El Salvador 8.9%, Costa Rica 5% (2013 est.)

Imports - major partners

Venezuela 18.8% (2013 est.)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$968 million US$805 million US$849 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$7 million US$44million US$64 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 124 out of 189 countries  (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 123 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 47 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 135 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 109 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 138 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 82 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 163 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 152 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 114 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 84 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

99

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 102 Score: 58.4 (Mostly Unfree) 

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

130,370 sq km

Government type

republic

Languages

Spanish (official) 95.3%, Miskito 2.2%, Mestizo of the Caribbean coast 2%, other 0.5%  note: English and indigenous languages found on the Caribbean coast (2005 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 58.5%, Evangelical 21.6%, Moravian 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 0.9%, other 1.7%, none 15.7% (2005 census)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
N/A 5.108 million 5.923 million 6.192 million 6.587 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
39.6% 50% 55% 58%
Population median age

24.2 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

1.02% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

72.72 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

78% (2005 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

31.86% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

40.47 (2005)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:5
Civil Liberties:4 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

87.05% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

10.6% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Managua: 213th (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.7816 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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2012

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