Source
Central bank

Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)

International Reserves

USD 0.08 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 8.1 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 21.7 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
5.8% 3.2% 9.7% -0.7% 8.4% 2.2% 11.9%
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*    
5.3% 7.1% 3.6% 5.2% 5%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 434.0 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 1,159.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.02% 0.02% 0.01% 0.02% 0.02%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 36.5% 
  • industry: 18.5% 
  • services: 45%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
2.3% -0.9% 1.0% 1.6% 2.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
27.2% 33.4% 45.1% 48.9% 50.4%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-2.6% -8% -9.1% -6.9% -5.3%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -1.4 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-17.5% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

17.2% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.006% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.005% (2014)

Total exports

USD 1.1 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions

Total imports

USD 1.9 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum, cereals

Exports - major partners

France 53.1%, Nigeria 20.3%, China 13.8% (2015)

Imports - major partners

France 12%, China 10.5%, Nigeria 9.5%, French Polynesia 9%, Togo 6.1%, Belgium 5.3%, Cote dIvoire 5.3%, US 4.3% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 719 million USD 822 million USD 525 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 101 million USD 89 million USD 52 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD -185.0 million N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 150 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 88 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 150 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 125 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 139 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 145 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 132 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 165 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 179 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 166 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 105 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

N/A

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 129 / Score: 54.26 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

1.267 million sq km

Capital

Niamey

Currency

Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)

Government type

Semi-presidential republic

Languages

French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Religions

Muslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20%

Total population
1990 2000 2010* 2016* 2021*
7.523 million 10.493 million 15.148 million 18.194 million 21.194 million

*Estimate 

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
6% 13% 16% 19%
Population median age

15.3 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

3.22% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

55.5 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 19.1%
Male: 27.3%
Female: 11% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

32.6% (2014)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

34.0 (2014)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 4
Civil Liberties: 4 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 0.57%   Mobile 46.50% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

2.22% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Niamey: 149th (2016)

CO2 emissions

0.1 (2013)

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