Source
Central bank

State Bank of Pakistan

International Reserves

USD 19.7 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

N/A

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 1,059.9 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
5.8% 5.5% 5% 0.4% 2.6% 3.6% 3.8%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
3.7% 4.1% 4% 4.7% 5%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

N/A

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 5,402.8 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.56% 0.74% 0.76% 0.81% 0.8%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 25.2% 
  • industry: 19.2% 
  • services: 55.6%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
7.4% 8.6% 4.5% 2.9% 5.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
6.0% 6.0% 5.9% 6.0% 6.0%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
64.2% 63.7% 63.6% 66.1% 64.2%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-8.4% -4.9% -5.2% -4.4% -3.6%

*Estimate  

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: B

Moody's: B3

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated as of January 24th 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

Habib Bank, Oil & Gas Development.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

N/A

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-1.5% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

10.6% (2015)

 

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.1% (2015)​

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.07% (2015)

Total exports

USD 21.0 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), rice, leather goods, sporting goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs

Total imports

USD 38.3 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea

Exports - major partners

US 13.1%, UAE 9.1%, Afghanistan 9.1%, China 8.8%, UK 5.4%, Germany 4.9% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 28.1%, Saudi Arabia 10.9%, UAE 10.8%, Kuwait 5.6% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 1,333 million USD 1,865 million USD 865 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 212 million USD 121 million USD 23 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A USD 1.6 million N/A USD 11.6 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 144 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 141 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 157 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 169 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 82 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 27 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 172 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 156 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 150 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 170 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 85 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

122 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 126 / Score: 55.9 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+5

Total area

796,095 sq km

Capital

Islamabad

Currency

Pakistani rupees (PKR)

Government type

federal republic

Languages

Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski and other 8%

Religions

Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
108.4  million 137.53 million 171.73 million 186.289 million 205.038 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
22.1% 28% 33% 38%
Population median age

 22.6 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

1.49% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

67.05 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

54.9% (2009 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

50.7% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

29.6 (2011)
(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 4
Civil Liberties: 5 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 3.5%   Mobile 70.1% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

10.90% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Islamabad 208th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.9 (2010)

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