Source
Central bank

Central Reserve Bank of Peru

International Reserves

USD 60.5 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 192.6 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 435.9 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
7.5% 8.5% 9.1% 1.1% 8.5% 6.5% 6%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
5.8% 2.4% 3.3% 3.8% 4.1%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 6,051.9 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 13,695.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.42% 0.27% 0.28% 0.33% 0.3%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 7.3% 
  • industry: 34.2% 
  • services: 58.5%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
2.8% 3.2% 3.5% 3.6% 2.5%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
7.5% 6.0% 6.0% 6.0% 6.0%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
20.3% 20.7% 24% 26.3% 26.5%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
0.7% -0.3% -2.2% -2.5% -1.9%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB+

Moody's: A3

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated as of January 24th 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 81 billion USD 78.8 billion USD 56.6 billion
Largest companies

Credicorp, Banco Continental.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -6.1 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-3.1% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

21.3% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.2% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.1% (2015)

Total exports

USD 38.1 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Copper, gold, lead, zinc, tin, iron ore, molybdenum, silver; crude petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas; coffee, asparagus and other vegetables, fruit, apparel and textiles, fishmeal, fish, chemicals, fabricated metal products and machinery, allo

Total imports

USD 38.4 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, plastics, machinery, vehicles, TV sets, power shovels, front-end loaders, telephones and telecommunication equipment, iron and steel, wheat, corn, soybean products, paper, cotton, vaccines and medicines

Exports - major partners

China 22.1%, US 15.2%, Switzerland 8.1%, Canada 7% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 22.7%, US 20.7%, Brazil 5.1%, Mexico 4.5% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 9,298 million USD 7,885 million USD 6,861 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 137 million USD 96 million USD 127 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 319.1 million USD 225.5 million USD 1058.3 million USD 177.9 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 54 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 103 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 63 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 37 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 16 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 53 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 86 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 105 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 51 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 62 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 79 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

67 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 49 / Score: 67.4 (Moderately free) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC-5

Total area

1,285,216 sq km

Capital

Lima

Currency

Nuevo sol (PEN)

Government type

Presidential republic

Languages

Spanish (official) 84.1%, Quechua (official) 13%, Aymara (official) 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.7%, other (includes foreign languages and sign language) 0.2% (2007 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, none 2.9% (2007 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
21.753 million 25.207 million 29.552 million 31.481 million 33.232 million

*Estimate    

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
47% 65% 73% 79%
Population median age

27.7 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

0.96% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

73.7 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 94.5%
Male: 97.3%
Female: 91.7%  (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write) 

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

2.8% (2014)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

44.1 (2014)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 2
Civil Liberties: 3 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 9.34%   Mobile 109.87% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

40.9% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Lima: 141st (2016)

CO2 emissions

1.9 (2013)

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