Source
Central bank

National Bank of Poland

International Reserves

USD 110.7 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 488.4 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 1,111.0 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
6.2% 7.2% 3.9% 2.6% 3.7% 5% 1.6%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
1.3% 3.3% 3.7% 3.1% 3.4%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 12,866.7 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 29,267.7 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
1.29% 0.92% 0.89% 0.90% 0.9%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 2.7% 
  • industry: 38.5% 
  • services: 58.9%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

0.9% (2014)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
0.9% 0.0% -0.9% -0.6% 1.1%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
10.3% 9.0% 7.5% 6.3% 6.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

-1% (Total, 2015)

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
56% 50.5% 51.3% 52.4% 53.2%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-4% -3.3% -2.6% -2.8% -2.9%

*Estimate 

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB+

Moody's: A2

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated as of January 24th 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 204.5 billion USD 168.9 billion USD 137.8 billion
Largest companies

PKN Orlen, PKO Bank Polski, Grupa PZU, Pgnig Group, PGE.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -4.8 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-1.0% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

49.6% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

1.2% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.9% (2015)

Total exports

USD 188.3 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Machinery and transport equipment 37.8%, intermediate manufactured goods 23.7%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 17.1%, food and live animals 7.6% (2012 estimate)

Total imports

USD 189.5 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and transport equipment 38%, intermediate manufactured goods 21%, chemicals 15%, minerals, fuels, lubricants, and related materials 9% (2011 estimate)

Exports - major partners

Germany 27.1%, UK 6.8%, Czech Republic 6.6%, France 5.5%, Italy 4.8%, Netherlands 4.4% (2015)

Imports - major partners

Germany 27.6%, China 7.5%, Russia 7.2%, Netherlands 5.9%, Italy 5.2%, France 4.1% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 3,625 million USD 12,531 million USD 7,489 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD -451 million USD 1,974 million USD 2,901 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 3398.6 million USD 301.6 million USD 1116.4 million USD 523.6 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 24 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 107 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 55 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 38 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 20 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 42 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 1 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 47 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 46 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 46 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 27 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

36 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 39 / Score: 69.29 (Moderately free) (2017)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

312,685 sq km

Capital

Warsaw 

Currency

zlotych (PLN) 

Government type

republic 

Languages

Polish (official) 96.2%, Polish and non-Polish 2%, non-Polish 0.5%, unspecified 1.3%    note: Kashub is recognized as a regional language under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (2011 est.) 

Religions

Catholic 87.2% (includes Roman Catholic 86.9% and Greek Catholic, Armenian Catholic, and Byzantine-Slavic Catholic .3%), Orthodox 1.3% (almost all are Polish Autocephalous Orthodox), Protestant 0.4% (mainly Augsburg Evangelical and Pentacostal), other 0.4% (includes Jehovah's Witness, Buddhist, Hare Krishna, Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Muslim, Jewish, Mormon), unspecified 10.8% (2012 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
38.186 million 38.263 million 38.167 million 38.537 million 38.504 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
47.9% 58% 62% 61%
Population median age

39.5 years (2014 estimate)

Population growth rate

-0.11% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

76.65 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

99.7% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

0.1% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

32.8 (2011)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 13.9%   Mobile 150.0%
(2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

62.85% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Warsaw: 142nd (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

8.3 (2010)

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