Source
Central bank

National Bank of Romania

International Reserves

US$ 48.044 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2012)

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 186.419 billion (2010 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

274.535 billion of International dollars (2010 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
5.7% 5.1% 5.2% 8.5% 4.2% 7.9% 6.3% 7.3%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
-6.6% -1.6% 2.5% 1.5%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 8,721 (2010 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$12,843 International Dollars (2010 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
0.72% 0.56% 0.33% 0.34% 0.33%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 12.3% 
  • industry: 37.8% 
  • services: 50% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
5.6%(2008) 6.1% 5.8% 2.9%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
6.9% 7.3% 7.2%(2009) 7.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
13.6% 23.8% 31.2% 33% 34.2%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
-4.8% -7.3% -6.4% -4.1% -1.9%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BB+

Moody's rating: Baa3

Moody's outlook: NEG

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
US$30.32 billion US$32.38 billion US$21.2 billion
Largest companies in Romania

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -7.8 billion (2010 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-4.2% of GDP (2010 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

23.5% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.34%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.24% (2011)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$67.72 billion (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

machinery and equipment, metals and metal products, textiles and footwear, chemicals, agricultural products, minerals and fuels

Total imports

US$78.31 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels and minerals, metals, textile and products, agricultural products

Exports - major partners

Germany 18.9%, Italy 13.1%, France 7.6%, Turkey 6.2%, Hungary 5.7% (2011)

Imports - major partners

Germany 17.2%, Italy 11.4%, Hungary 8.8%, France 5.8%, China 4.6%, Kazakhstan 4.2%, Austria 4% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$4,844 million US$2,940 million(2009) US$2,670 million(2009)
FDI outflows
2009 2010 2011  
US$-88 million US$-20 million US$32 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
US$4 million US$7 million(2009) US$24 million(2009) N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 72 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 68 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 60 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 72 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 12 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 49 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 72 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 136 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 129 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 168 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 102 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

78

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 62 Score: 64.4 (Moderately Free) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

238,391 km2 (2006)

Capital

Bucharest (2009)

Currency

lei (RON) (2009)

Government type

republic (2009)

Languages

Romanian 91% (official), Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 1.2%

Religions

Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1% (2002 census)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
22.52 million 23.54 million 22.44 million 21.35 million 21.13 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
34.2% 46.1% 53.5% 52.8%
Population median age

38 years (2010)

Population growth rate

-0.2% (2011)

Life expectancy

74 years (2010)

Adult literacy

98% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

<2% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

30 (2009)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:2
Civil Liberties:2 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

131.09% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

44.02% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Bucharest: 152nd (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

3.6906 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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