Source
Central bank

Central Bank of the Russian Federation

International Reserves

USD 322 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 1,442.4 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 3,866.3 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
8.2% 8.5% 5.3% -7.8% 4.5% 4.1% 3.5%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
1.3% 0.7% -3.7% -0.8% 1.1%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 10,060.4 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 26,966.6 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
N/A N/A 3.15% 3.47% 3.1%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 4.7% 
  • industry: 33.1% 
  • services: 62.2%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

1.2% (2014)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
6.8% 7.8% 15.5% 7.2% 5.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
5.5% 5.2% 5.6% 5.8% 5.9%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

3.9% (Total, 2014)

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
13.1% 15.9% 16.4% 17.1% 17.9%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2016*
-1.2% -1.1% -3.5% -3.9% -1.5%

*Estimate  

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BB+

Moody's: Ba1

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated as of January 24th 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 770.7 billion USD 385.9 billion USD 393.2 billion
Largest companies

Gazprom, Rosneft, Sberbank, LukOil, Surgutneftegas, Transneft, VTB Bank, Norilsk Nickel, Novatek, Magnit, Tatneft, IDGC Holding, Novolipetsk Steel, Bashneft, Severstal, UC Rusal, Sistema, RusHydro, MegaFon, Inter Rao, Moscow Exchange, Nomos Bank, Alrosa, X5 Retail Group, Phosagro.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD 50.0 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

3.5% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

29.5% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

2.1% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

1.1% (2015)

Total exports

USD 259.3 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, metals, wood and wood products, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures

Total imports

USD 165.1 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery, vehicles, pharmaceutical products, plastic, semi-finished metal products, meat, fruits and nuts, optical and medical instruments, iron, steel

Exports - major partners

Netherlands 11.9%, China 8.3%, Germany 7.4%, Italy 6.5%, Turkey 5.6%, Belarus 4.4%, Japan 4.2% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 19.2%, Germany 11.2%, US 6.4%, Belarus 4.8%, Italy 4.6% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 53,397 million USD 29,152 million USD 9,825 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 70,685 million USD 64,203 million USD 26,558 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 8302.1 million USD 2313.8 million USD 1411.2 million USD 4337.9 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

Sacturino Ltd, Polyus Gold International Ltd, United Kingdom, USD 5.4 billion

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 40 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 26 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 12 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 9 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 44 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 53 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 140 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 45 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 115 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 30 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 51 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

43 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 153 / Score: 50.55 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+4 (9 time zones)

Total area

17,098,242 sq km

Capital

Moscow 

Currency

Russian rubles (RUB) 

Government type

Semi-presidential federation

Languages

Russian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1% (2010 est.)

Religions

Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)

Note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule; Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as traditional religions

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
147.569 million 146.401 million 143.158 million 143.44 million 142.648 million

*Estimate

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
54% 70% 73% 74%
Population median age

39.3 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

-0.06% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

70.8 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 99.7%
Male: 99.7%
Female: 99.6% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

0.1% (2012)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

41.6 (2012)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 7
Civil Liberties: 6 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 25.02%   Mobile 159.95% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

70.1% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Moscow: 67th (2016)

CO2 emissions

12.5 (2013)

World's Best Developed & Emerging Markets Banks

Best Risk Management Providers - Insurance & Derivatives

World's Best Internet Banks

World's Best Supply Chain Finance Providers

Safest Emerging Markets Banks

World's Best Subcustodian Banks

World’s Best Investment Banks

World's Safest

World’s Best Foreign Exchange Providers

World's Best Banks By Region

World's Best Banks

2013

World’s Best Trade Finance Banks

Best of…

World's Biggest Banks

Additional Awards