Source
Central bank

Central Bank of the Russian Federation

International Reserves

USD 322 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 1,442.4 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 3,866.3 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
8.2% 8.5% 5.3% -7.8% 4.5% 4.1% 3.5%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
1.3% 0.7% -3.7% -0.8% 1.1%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 10,060.4 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 26,966.6 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
N/A N/A 3.15% 3.47% 3.1%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 4.7% 
  • industry: 33.1% 
  • services: 62.2%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

1.2% (2014)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
6.8% 7.8% 15.5% 7.2% 5.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
5.5% 5.2% 5.6% 5.8% 5.9%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

3.9% (Total, 2014)

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
13.1% 15.9% 16.4% 17.1% 17.9%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2016*
-1.2% -1.1% -3.5% -3.9% -1.5%

*Estimate  

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BB+

Moody's: Ba1

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated as of January 24th 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 770.7 billion USD 385.9 billion USD 393.2 billion
Largest companies

Gazprom, Rosneft, Sberbank, LukOil, Surgutneftegas, Transneft, VTB Bank, Norilsk Nickel, Novatek, Magnit, Tatneft, IDGC Holding, Novolipetsk Steel, Bashneft, Severstal, UC Rusal, Sistema, RusHydro, MegaFon, Inter Rao, Moscow Exchange, Nomos Bank, Alrosa, X5 Retail Group, Phosagro.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD 50.0 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

3.5% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

29.5% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

2.1% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

1.1% (2015)

Total exports

USD 259.3 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, metals, wood and wood products, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures

Total imports

USD 165.1 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery, vehicles, pharmaceutical products, plastic, semi-finished metal products, meat, fruits and nuts, optical and medical instruments, iron, steel

Exports - major partners

Netherlands 11.9%, China 8.3%, Germany 7.4%, Italy 6.5%, Turkey 5.6%, Belarus 4.4%, Japan 4.2% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 19.2%, Germany 11.2%, US 6.4%, Belarus 4.8%, Italy 4.6% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 53,397 million USD 29,152 million USD 9,825 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 70,685 million USD 64,203 million USD 26,558 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 8302.1 million USD 2313.8 million USD 1411.2 million USD 4337.9 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

Sacturino Ltd, Polyus Gold International Ltd, United Kingdom, USD 5.4 billion

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 40 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 26 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 12 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 9 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 44 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 53 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 140 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 45 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 115 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 30 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 51 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

43 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 153 / Score: 50.55 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+4 (9 time zones)

Total area

17,098,242 sq km

Capital

Moscow 

Currency

Russian rubles (RUB) 

Government type

federation 

Languages

Russian (official) 96.3%, Dolgang 5.3%, German 1.5%, Chechen 1%, Tatar 3%, other 10.3%     note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2010 est.) 

Religions

Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)    note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
147.7 million 146.3 million 142.9 million 142.857 million 142.5 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
53.8% 70% 73% 74%
Population median age

38.9 years (2014 estimate)

Population growth rate

-0.03% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

70.16 years (2013 estimate)

Adult literacy

99.7% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

0.3% (2009)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

39.7 (2009)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 6
Civil Liberties: 5 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 21.8%  Mobile 105.6%
(2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

61.4% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Moscow: 9th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

12.2 (2010)

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