Source
Central bank

N/A

International Reserves

US$ 64 million (Source: World Bank; Data updated: 2013)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 362 million (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

447 million of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
5.4% 6.6% 1.6% 12.6% 2.0% 9.1% 4.0% 4.5%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
4.9% 4.0% 4.0% 5.0%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 1,857 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$2,293 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0% N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 13.7% 
  • industry: 19.5% 
  • services: 66.8% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
14.3% 10.6% 8.1% 6.6%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
13.5% 13.9% 13.7% 13.5%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
78.1% 73.3% 84.2% 85.3% 81.5%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-11.0% -12.0% -10.8% -7.5% -7.1%

*Estimate  

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Sao Tome and Principe

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -55 million (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-15.297% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

11% (2013)

(Data released on Oct 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$ 12.1 million (2011 estimate) 

Export commodities

cocoa 80%, copra, coffee, palm oil

Total imports

US$113 million (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and electrical equipment, food products, petroleum products

Exports - major partners

Netherlands 33.3%, Belgium 21.8%, Spain 11%, Nigeria 5.6%, US 5.1% (2012)

Imports - major partners

Portugal 63.1%, Gabon 5.4% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$32 million US$23 million US$30 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ 0 million US$ 0 million US$ 0 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 169 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 98 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 183 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 165 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 186 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 157 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 102 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 156 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 103 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 73 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 166 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

N/A

 

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 157 Score: 48.8 (Repressed) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

964 km2 (2006)

Capital

Sao Tome (2009)

Currency

dobras (STD) (2009)

Government type

republic (2009)

Languages

Portuguese (official)

Religions

Catholic 70.3%, Evangelical 3.4%, New Apostolic 2%, Adventist 1.8%, other 3.1%, none 19.4% (2001 census)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
0.09 million 0.12 million 0.14 million 0.17 million 0.19 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
16.1% 33.5% 53.4% 62.7%
Population median age

19 years (2010)

Population growth rate

1.9% (2011)

Life expectancy

64 years (2010)

Adult literacy

89% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

55.94% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

50.82 (2001)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:2
Civil Liberties:2 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

66.6% (2010)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

20.16% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.7876 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)