Source
Central bank

N/A

International Reserves

US$ 51.474 million (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2012)

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 273 million (2010 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

405 million of International dollars (2010 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
3.1% 11.6% 5.4% 6.6% 5.7% 6.7% 6% 9.1%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
4% 4.5% 4.9% 5.5%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 1,587 (2008 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$2,359 International Dollars (2008 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
0% N/A N/A N/A 0%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 14.6% 
  • industry: 23.8% 
  • services: 61.7% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
17%(2008) 13.3% 14.3% 8.3%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
15.5% 15.1% 14.7%(2009) 14.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
60% 70.8% 81.5% 74.4% 76.3%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
14.2% -18.4% -11% -10.7% -3.9%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Sao Tome and Principe

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -96 million (2010 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-35.2% of GDP (2010 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

N/A

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0% (2010)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$11.9 million (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

cocoa 80%, copra, coffee, palm oil

Total imports

US$121.9 million (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and electrical equipment, food products, petroleum products

Exports - major partners

Netherlands 24%, Belgium 22.5%, Egypt 19.1%, US 7.1% (2011)

Imports - major partners

Portugal 55.3%, Malaysia 14.3%, US 5.2%, Gabon 4% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$16 million US$25 million(2009) US$18 million(2009)
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A(2009) N/A(2009) N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 160 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 100 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 181 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 161 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 180 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 158 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 89 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 144 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 91 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 72 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 164 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

N/A

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 148 Score: 50.2 (Mostly Unfree) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

964 km2 (2006)

Capital

Sao Tome (2009)

Currency

dobras (STD) (2009)

Government type

republic (2009)

Languages

Portuguese (official)

Religions

Catholic 70.3%, Evangelical 3.4%, New Apostolic 2%, Adventist 1.8%, other 3.1%, none 19.4% (2001 census)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
0.09 million 0.12 million 0.14 million 0.17 million 0.19 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
16.1% 33.5% 53.4% 62.7%
Population median age

19 years (2010)

Population growth rate

1.9% (2011)

Life expectancy

64 years (2010)

Adult literacy

89% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

55.94% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

50.82 (2001)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:2
Civil Liberties:2 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

66.6% (2010)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

20.16% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.7876 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)