Source
Central bank

South African Reserve Bank

International Reserves

US$ 49.894 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2014)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 354 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

620 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
2.9% 4.6% 5.3% 5.6% 5.5% 3.6% -1.5% 3.1%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
3.6% 2.5% 1.9% 2.3%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 6,595 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$11,543 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
1.01% 0.85% 0.69% 0.70% 0.68%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 2.6% 
  • industry: 29% 
  • services: 68.4% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
5.0% 5.7% 5.8% 6.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
24.8% 24.9% 24.7% 24.7%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
35.5% 38.8% 42.1% 45.2% 47.3%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-4.9% -4.0% -4.3% -4.3% -4.4%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB-

Moody's rating: Baa1

Moody's outlook: NEG

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010 2011 2012
US$1.013 trillion US$855.7 billion US$1.038 trillion
Largest companies in South Africa

Standard Bank Group, Sasol, MTN Group, FirstRand, Steinhoff International, Sanlam, Naspers, Bidvest Group, Shoprite Holdings, Remgro, MMI Holdings, Aspen Pharmacare Holdings, Imperial Holdings, RMB Holdings, Hyprop Investments

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -19.007 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-5.367% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

31.1% (2013)

(Data released on Oct 2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.54% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.34% (2012)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$ 91.05 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment

Total imports

US$ 99.55 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

China 11.8%, US 8.3%, Japan 6%, Germany 5.7%, India 4.2% (2012)

Imports - major partners

China 14.4%, Germany 10.1%, Saudi Arabia 7.7%, US 7.4%, Japan 4.6%, India 4.5% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ 4,243 million US$ 4,559 million US$ 8,188 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ -257 million US$ 2,988 million US$ 5,620 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$ 1,619 million US$ 4,291 million US$ 825 million US$ 2,246 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 41 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 64 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 80 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 99 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 28 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 10 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 106 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 24 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 26 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 150 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 82 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

56

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 75 Score: 62.5 (Moderately Free) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

1,221,037 km2 (2006)

Capital

Pretoria (administrative capital) (2009)

Currency

rand (ZAR) (2009)

Government type

republic (2009)

Languages

IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2% (2001 census)

Religions

Zion Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Catholic 7.1%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
29.14 million 36.85 million 44.52 million 51.2 million 54.34 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
46.6% 48.4% 56.9% 62%
Population median age

25 years (2010)

Population growth rate

1.2% (2011)

Life expectancy

52 years (2010)

Adult literacy

89% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

35.74% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

63.14 (2009)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:2
Civil Liberties:2 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

135.01% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

21% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

10.0302 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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2013

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