Source
Central bank

South African Reserve Bank

International Reserves

USD 41.8 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 288.2 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 758.1 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
5.6% 5.4% 3.2% -1.5 3% 3.3% 2.2%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
2.3% 1.6% 1.3% 0.1% 0.8%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 5,074.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 13,347.7 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
1.01% 0.85% 0.68% 0.67% 0.6%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 2.2% 
  • industry: 29.2% 
  • services: 68.7%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

0.7% (2012)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
5.8% 6.1% 4.6% 6.4% 6.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
24.7% 25.1% 25.4% 26.3% 27.0%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

-2.4% (Total, 2014)

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017*
44% 46.9% 49.8% 51.7% 53.3%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017*
-3.9% -3.7% -3.9% -3.9% -3.9%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB-

Moody's: Baa2

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 942.8 billion USD 933.9 billion USD 735.9 billion
Largest companies in South Africa

Standard Bank Group, Steinhoff International, Sasol, FirstRand, MTN Group, Naspers, Sanlam, Bidvest Group, Shoprite Holdings, Remgro, Aspen Pharmacare Holdings, MMI Holdings, RMB Holdings.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -9.2 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-3.2% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

30.7% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.5% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.3% (2015)

Total exports

USD 83.2 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment

Total imports

USD 85.0 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

China 11.3%, US 7.3%, Germany 6%, Namibia 5.2%, Botswana 5.2%, Japan 4.7%, UK 4.3%, India 4.2% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 17.6%, Germany 11.2%, US 6.7%, Nigeria 5%, India 4.7%, Saudi Arabia 4.1% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 8,300 million USD 5,771 million USD 1,772 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 6,649 million USD 7,669 million USD 5,349 million
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 825.1 million USD 2367.6 million USD 1864.5 million USD 549.3 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 74 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 131 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 113 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 105 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 62 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 22 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 139 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 51 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 99 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 111 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 50 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

47 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 80 / Score: 61.9 (Moderately free) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+2

Total area

1,219,090 sq km

Capital

Pretoria (administrative capital); Cape Town (legislative capital); Bloemfontein (judicial capital)

Currency

rand (ZAR)

Government type

republic

Languages

IsiZulu (official) 22.7%, IsiXhosa (official) 16%, Afrikaans (official) 13.5%, English (official) 9.6%, Sepedi (official) 9.1%, Setswana (official) 8%, Sesotho (official) 7.6%, Xitsonga (official) 4.5%, siSwati (official) 2.5%, Tshivenda (official) 2.4%, isiNdebele (official) 2.1%, sign language 0.5%, other 1.6% (2011 est.)

Religions

Protestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
36.156 million 43.686 million 50.896 million 53.699 million 54.429 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
46.6% 48% 57% 64%
Population median age

 25.7 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.48% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

49.56 years (2014 est.)

Adult literacy

 93% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

26.2% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

65.0 (2011)
(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 2
Civil Liberties: 2 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed  9.2%   Mobile  147.5% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

48.90% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Cape Town 205th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

9.0 (2010)

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