Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Syria

International Reserves

USD 20.6 billion (2010)

World Bank, data retrieved January 2017

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
5.1% 5.7% 4.5% 5.9% 3.4% N/A N/A
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017    
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A    

*Estimate

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017
0.15% 0.14% 0.15% 0.16% N/A

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 19.5% 
  • industry: 19% 
  • services: 61.5%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
-7.8 % N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate 

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Syria

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

N/A

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

N/A

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

38.6% (2007)

 

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.01% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.06% (2011)

Total exports

USD 2.3 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat

Total imports

USD 6.0 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper

Exports - major partners

Iraq 64.7%, Saudi Arabia 11.2%, Kuwait 7.1%, UAE 6.1%, Libya 4.6% (2015)

Imports - major partners

Saudi Arabia 28%, UAE 13.7%, Iran 10.1%, Turkey 9%, Iraq 8.3%, China 6.1% (2015)

Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A USD 0.8 million N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 173 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 136 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 159 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 154 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 170 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 87 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 176 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 81 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 187 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 151 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 161 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

N/A

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

N/A

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+2

Total area

185,180 sq km

Capital

Damascus

Currency

Syrian pounds (SYP)

Government type

republic under an authoritarian regime

Languages

Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian (widely understood); French, English (somewhat understood)

 

Religions

Muslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian) 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
12.721 million 16.511 million 21.393 million N/A N/A

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
36.8% 47% 52% 57%
Population median age

23.3 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

-9.73% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

68.41 years  (2014 est.)

Adult literacy

 84.1% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

16.9% (2004)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

35.8 (2004)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 7
Civil Liberties: 7 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 20.2%   Mobile 56.0% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

26.20% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Damascus 171st (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

2.9 (2010)

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