Source
Central bank

N/A

International Reserves

N/A

Source
Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
3.7% 5.9% -2.1% 6.7% 4.5% 5.1% 4.3% 4.5%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
5.9% 3.4% N/A N/A        

*Estimate

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
0.13% 0.12% 0.13% 0.15% N/A

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 17.7% 
  • industry: 28.2% 
  • services: 54.1% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
2.8%(2008) 4.4% N/A N/A

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
8.1% 8.6% N/A(2009) N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
37.4% 31.4% 29.4% N/A N/A

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
-2.9% -2.9% -4.8% N/A N/A

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Syria

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

N/A(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

N/A(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

35.3% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.05%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.19% (2010)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$4.981 billion (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat

Total imports

US$10.01 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper

Exports - major partners

Iraq 38.8%, Italy 7.9%, Germany 7.1%, Saudi Arabia 6.5%, Kuwait 4.2% (2011)

Imports - major partners

Saudi Arabia 14.5%, China 10.1%, UAE 7.1%, Turkey 6.7%, Iran 5.3%, Italy 5%, Russia 4.5%, Iraq 4.3% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$1,514 million US$1,850 million(2009) US$1,059 million(2009)
FDI outflows
2009 2010 2011  
US$-3 million N/A N/A  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A(2009) N/A(2009) N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 144 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 132 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 176 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 84 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 176 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 117 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 125 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 111 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 134 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 84 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 111 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

N/A

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 139 Score: 51.2 (Mostly Unfree) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

185,180 km2 (2006)

Capital

Damascus (2009)

Currency

Syrian pounds (SYP) (2009)

Government type

republic under an authoritarian military-dominated regime (2009)

Languages

Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, English somewhat understood

Religions

Sunni Muslim 74%, other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%, Christian (various denominations) 10%, Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and Aleppo)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
8.7 million 12.12 million 16.32 million N/A N/A

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
36.8% 46.7% 51.6% 56.1%
Population median age

21 years (2010)

Population growth rate

1.8% (2011)

Life expectancy

76 years (2010)

Adult literacy

84% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

16.85% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

35.78 (2004)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:7
Civil Liberties:7 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

84.09% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

22.5% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Damascus: 123rd (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

3.2569 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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