Source
Central bank

N/A

International Reserves

N/A

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

N/A

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

N/A

Real GDP growth
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
6.2% 5.0% 5.7% 4.5% 5.9% 3.4% N/A
2012 2013 2014*        
N/A N/A N/A        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

N/A

GDP per capita - PPP

N/A

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0.13% 0.12% 0.13% 0.15% N/A

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 17.7% 
  • industry: 22.2% 
  • services: 60.2% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
4.4% N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
8.6% N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
30.0% N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-7.8 % N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate 

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 22 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Syria

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

N/A

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

N/A

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

N/A

 

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.02% (2012)

(Data were released in March 2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.06% (2011)

(Data were released in 2014)

Total exports

US$ 2.675 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat

Total imports

US$ 8.917 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper

Exports - major partners

Iraq 58.4%, Saudi Arabia 9.7%, Kuwait 6.4%, UAE 5.5%, Libya 4.1% (2012)

Imports - major partners

Saudi Arabia 22.8%, UAE 11.2%, Iran 8.3%, China 7.3%, Iraq 6.8% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$ 804 million US$0 million US$0 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$ 0 million US$ 0 million US$ 0 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 165 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 135 out of 189 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 179 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 82 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 180 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 115 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 147 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 120 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 189 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 82 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 120 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

N/A

 

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: N/A Score: N/A 

 

 
 
Source
Total area

185,180 sq km

Currency

Syrian pounds (SYP)

Government type

republic under an authoritarian regime

Languages

Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian (widely understood); French, English (somewhat understood)

 

Religions

Muslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian) 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
12.721 million 16.511 million 21.393 million N/A N/A

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
36.8% 47% 52% 57%
Population median age

23.3 years (est. 2014)

Population growth rate

-9.73% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

68.41 years  (2014 est.)

Adult literacy

 84.1% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

16.85% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

35.78 (2004)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:7
Civil Liberties:7 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

84.09% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

22.5% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Damascus: 123rd (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

3.2569 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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