Source
Central bank

Bank of Thailand

International Reserves

US$ 173.329 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2014)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 374 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

701 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
7.1% 6.3% 4.6% 5.1% 5.0% 2.5% -2.3% 7.8%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
0.1% 6.5% 2.9% 2.5%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 5,450 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$10,227 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0.45% 0.69% 0.72% 0.78% 0.77%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 12.1% 
  • industry: 43.6% 
  • services: 44.2% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
3.8% 3.0% 2.2% 2.3%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
42.6% 42.1% 45.4% 45.3% 46.6%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-0.8% -0.6% -1.8% -0.2% -1.6%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BBB+

Moody's rating: Baa1

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2011* 2012 2013**
US$268.5 billion US$383 billion US$348.5 billion

*2011 Estimate    **2013 Estimate   

Largest companies in Thailand

PTT PCL, Siam Commercial Bank, Kasikornbank, Siam Cement, PTT Global Chemical, Bangkok Bank, Krung Thai Bank, Advanced Info Service, CP All, Bank of Ayudhya, Thai Beverage, Charoen Pokphand Foods, Thai Oil, Airports of Thailand, Thanachart Capital, Intouch Holdings, Total Access Communication

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ 825 million (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

0.221% of GDP (2012 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

73.6% (2013)

Shares in world total merchandising export

1.25% (2012)

Shares in world total commercial services export

1.13% (2012)

Total exports

US$225.4 billion (2014 estimate) 

Export commodities

electronics, computer parts, automobiles and parts, electrical appliances, machinery and equipment, textiles and footwear, fishery products, rice, rubber

Total imports

US$219.0 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

capital goods, intermediate goods and raw materials, consumer goods, fuels

Exports - major partners

China 11.7%, Japan 10.2%, US 9.9%, Hong Kong 5.7%, Malaysia 5.4%, Indonesia 4.9%, Singapore 4.7%, Australia 4.3% (2012)

Imports - major partners

Japan 20%, China 14.9%, UAE 6.3%, Malaysia 5.3%, US 5.3% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$3,710 million US$10,705 million US$12,946 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$6,620 million US$12,869 million US$6,620 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$2,810 million US$4,996 million US$5,659 million US$16,498 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Investor Group, Ping An Insurance(Group)Co, China, 9.4; Thai Beverage PCL, Fraser & Neave Ltd, Singapore, 6.9; CP ALL PCL, SHV Holdings NV, Netherlands, 4.2

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 18 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 91 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 22 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 29 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 73 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 12 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 24 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 70 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 14 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 12 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 58 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

31

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 72 Score: 63.3 (Moderately Free) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

513,120 km2 (2006)

Capital

Bangkok (2009)

Government type

constitutional monarchy (2009)

Languages

Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects

Religions

Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.7%, other 0.1% (2000 census)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
46.5 million 56.41 million 62.4 million 64.46 million 66.42 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
19.7% 26.8% 31.1% 34.1%
Population median age

34 years (2010)

Population growth rate

0.6% (2011)

Life expectancy

74 years (2010)

Adult literacy

94% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

11.52% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

40.02 (2009)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:4
Civil Liberties:4 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

122.83% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

23.7% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Bangkok: 88th (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

3.9548 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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