Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Congo

International Reserves

USD 1.2 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 41.9 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 70.3 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
5.3% 6.3% 6.2% 2.9% 7.1% 6.9% 7.1%
2013 2014* 2015* 2016* 2017*    
8.5% 9.5% 6.9% 3.9% 4.3%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 483.4 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 811.2 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.14% 0.11% 0.04% 0.04% 0.06%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 20.1% 
  • industry: 31.7% 
  • services: 48.1%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
0.9% 1.2% 1.0% 1.7% 2.7%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
19.1% 16.8% 18.9% 20% 22.6%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
4% 1.3% -0.1% -1.9% 2.8%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated as of January 24th 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD 2.2 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

5.2% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

29.5% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.03% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.01% (2014)

Total exports

USD 9.3 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Diamonds, copper, gold, cobalt, wood products, crude oil, coffee

Total imports

USD 10.2 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels

Exports - major partners

China 43.5%, Zambia 25%, South Korea 4.9%, Belgium 4.8% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 20.6%, South Africa 17.7%, Zambia 12.3%, Belgium 6.9%, Zimbabwe 5.1%, India 4.7% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 2,098 million USD 1,843 million USD 1,674 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 401 million USD 344 million USD 508 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 18.8 million N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 184 out of 190 countries (2016)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 96 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 171 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 156 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 139 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 162 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 188 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 177 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 114 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 175 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 169 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

129 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 163 / Score: 46.38 (Repressed) (2017)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

2,344,858 sq km

Capital

Kinshasa

Currency

Congolese francs (CDF)

Government type

Semi-presidential republic

Languages

French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba

Religions

Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%

Total population
1990* 2000* 2010* 2016* 2021*
39.725 million 52.427 million 70.458 million 84.13 million 97.53 million

*Estimate 

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
22% 27% 35% 43%
Population median age

18.4 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

2.42% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

57.3 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 63.8%
Male: 78.1%
Female: 50% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

57% (2012)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

42.1 (2012)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 7
Civil Liberties: 6 (2017)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 0.00%   Mobile 52.99% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

3.8% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Kinshasa: 6th (2016)

CO2 emissions

0.0 (2013)

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