Source
Central bank

Bank of England

International Reserves

USD 124 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 2,609.9 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 2,877.5 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
2.5% 2.6% -0.6% -4.3% 1.9% 1.5% 1.3%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
1.9% 3.1% 2.3% 1.8% 1.1%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 39,526.2 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 43,578.8 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
3.39% 3.34% 3.02% 2.44% 2.3%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 0.6% 
  • industry: 19.2% 
  • services: 80.2%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

1.7% (2014)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
2.6% 1.5% 0.1% 0.7% 2.5%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
7.6% 6.2% 5.4% 5.0% 5.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

0.2% (Total, 2015)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
86% 87.9% 89% 89% 88.8%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-5.7% -5.6% -4.2% -3.3% -2.7%

*Estimate 

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AA

Moody's: Aa1

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in The United Kingdom

HSBC Holdings, Prudential, GlaxoSmithKline, National Grid, Lloyds Banking Group, AstraZeneca, British American Tobacco, Aviva, Imperial Tobacco Group, BT Group, SABMiller, Diageo, Legal & General Group, WPP, Reckitt Benckiser Group, BAE Systems, Old Mutual, Standard Life, SSE, BP, Tesco, International Airlines, Vodafone, Aon, Barclays, Royal Bank of Scotland, British Sky Broadcasting, Compass Group, Rio Tinto, Associated British Foods, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, Standard Chartered, RELX Group, Liberty Global, Delphi Automotive, J Sainsbury, Centrica, Anglo American, Rolls-Royce Holdings, Kingfisher, CNH Industrial, London Stock Exchange, Land Securities Group, Marks & Spencer, British Land, Johnson Matthey, Investec, Schroders, Next, Wm Morrison Supermarkets, EasyJet, Pentair, St. James's Place, Mondi, Royal Mail, RSA Insurance Group, Willis Towers Watson, Vedanta Resources, ITV, Bunzl, Barratt Developments, Pearson, InterContinental Hotels, Direct Line Insurance, ARM Holdings, Hammerson, United Utilities, GKN, Taylor Wimpey, Persimmon, Smith & Nephew, Phoenix Group Holdings, Whitbread, Intu Properties, Dixons Carphone, Babcock International Group, 3i Group, Capita, Burberry Group, Derwent London, Travis Perkins, Virgin Money Holdings, Segro, Admiral Group plc, Great Portland Estates, Ashtead Group, Smiths Group, Thomas Cook Group, Berkeley Group Holdings, Inchcape, ICAP, Shaftesbury.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -77.137 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-2.728% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

31.4% (2013)

Shares in world total merchandising export

2.57% (2012)

Shares in world total commercial services export

6.58% (2012)

Total exports

US$813.2 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco

Total imports

US$782.5 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

Germany 11.3%, US 10.5%, Netherlands 8.8%, France 7.4%, Ireland 6.2%, Belgium 5.1% (2012)

Imports - major partners

Germany 12.6%, China 8%, Netherlands 7.5%, US 6.7%, France 5.4%, Belgium 4.4%, Norway 4% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$51,137 million US$45,796 million US$37,101 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$106,673 million US$34,955 million US$19,440 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$-3,521 million US$69,704 million US$-1,926 million US$-23,671 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Anglo American PLC, DB Investments SA, Luxembourg, 5.2; Terra Firma Capital Partners, Nomura Holdings Inc, Japan, 5.1; Hamilton Sundstrand Corp SPV, United Technologies Corp, United States, 3.5; Old Mutual PLC, Old Mutual PLC, United Kingdom, 3.2
 

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 10 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 28 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 56 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 68 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 1 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 10 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 16 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 14 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 27 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 74 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 7 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

9

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 14 Score: 74.9 (Mostly Free) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC 0

Total area

243,610 sq km

Capital

London 

Currency

British pounds (GBP) 

Government type

constitutional monarchy and Commonwealth realm 

Languages

English    note: the following are recognized regional languages: Scots (about 30% of the population of Scotland), Scottish Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland), Welsh (about 20% of the population of Wales), Irish (about 10% of the population of Northern Ireland), Cornish (some 2,000 to 3,000 in Cornwall) (2012)

Religions

Christian (includes Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 59.5%, Muslim 4.4%, Hindu 1.3%, other 2%, none 25.7%, unspecified 7.2% (2011 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
57.237 million 58.883 million 62.262 million 64.511 million 66.697 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
78.4% 78% 79% 82%
Population median age

40.4 years (2014 estimate)

Population growth rate

0.54% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

80.42 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

99% (2003 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

1.4% (2010)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

38.0 (2010)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 52.9%  Mobile 138.1%
(2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

89.84% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

London: 12th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

7.9 (2010)

World's Best Developed & Emerging Markets Banks

World's Best Islamic Financial Institutions

Best Risk Management Providers - Insurance & Derivatives

World's Best Internet Banks

World's Best Subcustodian Banks

World’s Best Investment Banks

World's Safest

World’s Best Foreign Exchange Providers

World's Best Banks By Region

World's Best Banks

2013

World’s Best Trade Finance Banks

Best of…

World's Biggest Banks

Additional Awards