Source
Central bank

Bank of England

International Reserves

US$ 94.544 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2012)

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 2.453 trillion (2011 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

2.309 trillion of International dollars (2011 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
2.5% 2.1% 2.8% 3% 2.2% 2.8% 2.7% -1.1%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
-4.4% 2.1% 0.7% 0.8%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 38,891 (2007 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$36,605 International Dollars (2007 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
4.29% 4.11% 3.6% 2.95% 2.65%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 0.7% 
  • industry: 21.6% 
  • services: 77.7% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

1.77% (2010)

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
2.1%(2008) 3.3% 4.5% 2.4%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
7.5% 7.9% 8%(2009) 8.3%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

6.3% (Gross saving; 2012 forecast)

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
52.5% 68.4% 75.1% 82.5% 88.4%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
-4.9% -10.4% -9.9% -8.7% -8%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AAA

Moody's rating: Aaa

Moody's outlook: NEG

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
US$2.796 trillion US$3.107 trillion US$1.202 trillion
Largest companies in The United Kingdom

BAE Systems (Aerospace and defense), Rolls-Royce (Aerospace and defense), International Airlines (Airline), Burberry Group (Apparel/Accessories), Next (Apparel/Footwear Retail), Delphi Automotive (Auto & Truck Parts), GKN (Auto & Truck Parts), SABMiller (Beverages), Diageo (Beverages), British Sky Broadcasting (Broadcasting & Cable), Thomas Cook Group (Business & Personal Services), Aggreko (Business & Personal Services), Capita Group (Business & Personal Services), Bunzl (Business & Personal Services), Dixons Retail (Computer & Electronics Retail), Smiths Group (Conglomerates), Balfour Beatty (Construction Service), Rexam (Containers & Packaging), Marks & Spencer (Department Stores), Home Retail Group (Department Stores), Johnson Matthey (Diversified Chemicals), Rio Tinto (Diversified Metals & Mining), Anglo American (Diversified Metals & Mining), Eurasian Natural Resources (Diversified Metals & Mining), Vedanta Resources (Diversified Metals & Mining), Antofagasta (Diversified Metals & Mining), Kazakhmys (Diversified Metals & Mining), United Utilities (Diversified Utilities), Severn Trent (Diversified Utilities), SSE (Electric Utilities), Drax Group (Electric Utilities), Associated British Foods (Food Processing), Tesco (Food Retail), Wm Morrison Supermarkets (Food Retail), J Sainsbury (Food Retail), Kingfisher (Home Improvement Retail), Travis Perkins (Home Improvement Retail), InterContinental Hotels (Hotels & Motels), Reckitt Benckiser Group (Household/Personal Care), Willis Group Holdings (Insurance Brokers), Old Mutual (Investment services), Investec (Investment services), Resolution (Investment services), Schroders (Investment services), ICAP (Investment services), London Stock Exchange (Investment services), Evraz Group (Iron & Steel), Prudential (Life & Health Insurance), Legal & General Group (Life & Health Insurance), Aviva (Life & Health Insurance), Standard Life (Life & Health Insurance), Phoenix Group Holdings (Life & Health Insurance), HSBC Holdings (Major Banks), Barclays (Major Banks), Standard Chartered (Major Banks), Royal Bank of Scotland (Major Banks), Lloyds Banking Group (Major Banks), Smith & Nephew (Medical Equipment & Supplies), National Grid (Natural Gas Utilities), Centrica (Natural Gas Utilities), BP (Oil & Gas Operations), BG Group (Oil & Gas Operations), Tullow Oil (Oil & Gas Operations), Essar Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Cairn Energy (Oil & Gas Operations), Ensco (Oil Services & Equipment), Petrofac (Oil Services & Equipment), Subsea 7 (Oil Services & Equipment), Wood Group (Oil Services & Equipment), AMEC (Oil Services & Equipment), Weir Group (Other Industrial Equipment), FirstGroup (Other Transportation), Mondi (Paper & Paper Products), GlaxoSmithKline (Pharmaceuticals), AstraZeneca (Pharmaceuticals), Reed Elsevier (Printing & Publishing), Pearson (Printing & Publishing), RSA Insurance Group (Property & Casualty Insurance), Land Securities Group (Real Estate), British Land (Real Estate), Hammerson (Real Estate), Songbird Estates (Real Estate), Compass Group (Restaurants), G4S (Security Systems), ARM Holdings (Semiconductors), Misys (Software & Programming), Vodafone (Telecommunications Services), BT Group (Telecommunications Services), British American Tobacco (Tobacco), Imperial Tobacco Group (Tobacco) (2012)

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -42.3 billion (2011 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-1.7% of GDP (2011 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

30.1% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

2.59%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

6.57% (2011)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$481 billion (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco

Total imports

US$646 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

Germany 11.6%, US 10.6%, Netherlands 8.4%, France 7.8%, Ireland 6.4%, Belgium 5.7% (2011)

Imports - major partners

Germany 13.2%, China 8.7%, Netherlands 7.5%, US 6.1%, France 6%, Norway 5%, Belgium 5% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$71,140 million US$50,604 million(2009) US$53,949 million(2009)
FDI outflows
2009 2010 2011  
US$44,381 million US$39,502 million US$107,086 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
US$54,653 million US$-3,546 million(2009) US$-227 million(2009) US$53,876 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Orange PLC, T-Mobile (UK) Ltd, United Kingdom, $8.5 billion
Friends Provident Holdings (UK) Ltd (FPH), AXA SA-Life Assurance Business,UK, United Kingdom, $4.1 billion
 

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

SABMiller PLC, Foster's Group Ltd, Australia, $10.8
BP PLC, Reliance Industries Ltd, India, $9 billion
Ensco PLC, Pride International Inc, United States, $7.3 billion
Chiron Holdings Inc, Kinetic Concepts Inc, United States, $5.1 billion
Rolls-Royce Group plc, Tognum AG, Germany, $4.7 billion
Volcan Investments Ltd, Cairn Energy PLC, United Kingdom, $4.5 billion
Rio Tinto PLC, Riversdale Mining Ltd, Australia, $3.9 billion
Unilever PLC, Alberto-Culver Co, United States, $3.8 billion
Vodafone Group PLC, Hutchison Whampoa Ltd, Hong Kong, China, $3.3 billion(2008 estimate)






 

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 7 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 19 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 21 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 73 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 1 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 10 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 14 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 16 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 20 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 62 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 8 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

8

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 14 Score: 74.1 (Mostly Free) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

242,900 km2 (2006)

Capital

London (2009)

Currency

British pounds (GBP) (2009)

Government type

constitutional monarchy and Commonwealth realm (2009)

Languages

English, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)

Religions

Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1% (2001 census)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
56.33 million 57.24 million 58.89 million 63.07 million 65.2 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
78.4% 87.9% 89.4% 79.6%
Population median age

40 years (2010)

Population growth rate

0.7% (2011)

Life expectancy

80 years (2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

35.97 (1999)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:1
Civil Liberties:1 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

183.99% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

82% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

London: 18th (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

7.6977 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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