Source
Central bank

Bank of England

International Reserves

US$ 142.094 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: 2014)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 2.828 trillion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

2.497 trillion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
2.8% 3% 3.2% 2.8% 3.4% -0.8% -5.2% 1.7%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
1.1% 0.3% 1.8% 2.9%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 48,830 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$38,711 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
3.91% 3.84% 3.53% 2.93% 2.74%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 0.7% 
  • industry: 20.5% 
  • services: 78.9% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

1.8% (2011)

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
4.5% 2.8% 2.6% 1.9%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
8.1% 8.0% 7.6% 6.9%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

3.9% (Gross saving; 2014 forecast)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
78.5% 84.3% 88.6% 90.1% 91.5%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-10.0% -7.8% -8.0% -5.8% -5.3%

*Estimate 

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AAA

Moody's rating: Aa1

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010* 2011 2012**
US$3.107 trillion US$2.903 trillion US$3.019 trillion

*2010 Estimate     **2012 Estimate 

Largest companies in The United Kingdom

HSBC Holdings, BP, Vodafone, Prudential, Rio Tinto, GlaxoSmithKline, Standard Chartered, Aviva, Barclays, National Grid, British American Tobacco, AstraZeneca, Legal & General Group, BG Group, SABMiller, BT Group, Diageo, Rolls-Royce Holdings, Imperial Tobacco Group, Centrica, Old Mutual, Reckitt Benckiser Group, SSE, Standard Life, WPP, Lloyds Banking Group, Royal Bank of Scotland, Aon, Associated British Foods, Tesco, Anglo American, Compass Group, J Sainsbury, Kingfisher, Delphi Automotive, Liberty Global, British Sky Broadcasting, BAE Systems, Marks & Spencer, Resolution, International Airlines, Ensco, Pearson, Reed Elsevier, Land Securities Group, Phoenix Group Holdings, GKN, Investec, RSA Insurance Group, Johnson Matthey, Antofagasta, Schroders, Wm Morrison Supermarkets, Next, United Utilities, London Stock Exchange, Vedanta Resources, EasyJet, Direct Line Insurance, Mondi, Petrofac, Severn Trent, Evraz Group, British Land, Smith & Nephew, Bunzl, Travis Perkins, ITV, Whitbread, Willis Group Holdings, Intu Properties plc, Smiths Group, Songbird Estates plc, Capita, Hammerson plc, Weir Group, Aberdeen Asset Management, Subsea 7, Burberry Group, G4S, Thomas Cook Group, ARM Holdings, Polyus Gold International, Balfour Beatty, Tullow Oil, Inchcape, ICAP, Babcock International Group, Dixons Retail, InterContinental Hotels, Admiral Group plc

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -77.137 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-2.728% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

31.4% (2013)

Shares in world total merchandising export

2.57% (2012)

Shares in world total commercial services export

6.58% (2012)

Total exports

US$813.2 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco

Total imports

US$782.5 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

Germany 11.3%, US 10.5%, Netherlands 8.8%, France 7.4%, Ireland 6.2%, Belgium 5.1% (2012)

Imports - major partners

Germany 12.6%, China 8%, Netherlands 7.5%, US 6.7%, France 5.4%, Belgium 4.4%, Norway 4% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$51,137 million US$45,796 million US$37,101 million
FDI outflows
2011 2012 2013  
US$106,673 million US$34,955 million US$19,440 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$-3,521 million US$69,704 million US$-1,926 million US$-23,671 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

Anglo American PLC, DB Investments SA, Luxembourg, 5.2; Terra Firma Capital Partners, Nomura Holdings Inc, Japan, 5.1; Hamilton Sundstrand Corp SPV, United Technologies Corp, United States, 3.5; Old Mutual PLC, Old Mutual PLC, United Kingdom, 3.2
 

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 10 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 28 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 56 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 68 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 1 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 10 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 16 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 14 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 27 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 74 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 7 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

9

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 14 Score: 74.9 (Mostly Free) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC 0

Total area

243,610 sq km

Capital

London 

Currency

British pounds (GBP) 

Government type

constitutional monarchy and Commonwealth realm 

Languages

English    note: the following are recognized regional languages: Scots (about 30% of the population of Scotland), Scottish Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland), Welsh (about 20% of the population of Wales), Irish (about 10% of the population of Northern Ireland), Cornish (some 2,000 to 3,000 in Cornwall) (2012)

Religions

Christian (includes Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 59.5%, Muslim 4.4%, Hindu 1.3%, other 2%, none 25.7%, unspecified 7.2% (2011 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
57.237 million 58.883 million 62.262 million 64.511 million 66.697 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
78.4% 78% 79% 82%
Population median age

40.4 years (2014 estimate)

Population growth rate

0.54% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

80.42 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

99% (2003 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

1.4% (2010)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

38.0 (2010)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 52.9%  Mobile 138.1%
(2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

89.84% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

London: 12th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

7.9 (2010)

World's Best Developed & Emerging Markets Banks

World's Best Islamic Financial Institutions

World's Best Internet Banks

Best Risk Management Providers - Insurance & Derivatives

World’s Best Investment Banks

World's Best Subcustodian Banks

World's Safest

World's Best Banks By Region

World’s Best Foreign Exchange Providers

World's Best Banks

2013

Best of…

World’s Best Trade Finance Banks

World's Biggest Banks

Additional Awards