Source
Central bank

National Reserve Bank of Tonga

International Reserves

US$ 152 million (Source: World Bank; Data updated: 2013)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 494 million (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

874 million of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
1.8% 0% 0.2% -2.8% -1.4% 2.6% 3.3% 3.1%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
1.9% 0.7% 1.0% 1.6%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 4,752 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$8,406 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0% 0% 0% 0% 0%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 20.9% 
  • industry: 21.9% 
  • services: 57.2% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
4.6% 3.1% 3.2% 3.9%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-3.7% -3.6%

-0.6%

0.2% 0.7%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Tonga

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -18 million (2009 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-3.8% of GDP (2009 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

13.4% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0% (2011)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$11.4 million (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

squash, fish, vanilla beans, root crops

Total imports

US$124.2 million (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, chemicals

Exports - major partners

Hong Kong 19.9%, Japan 14.6%, US 10.6%, South Korea 10.1%, Fiji 8.9%, NZ 8.6%, Samoa 7.5%, Brazil 5.3%, American Samoa 4.7% (2011)

Imports - major partners

Fiji 35.4%, NZ 24%, US 10.1%, China 7% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
N/A US$9 million(2009) US$10 million(2009)
FDI outflows
2009 2010 2011  
N/A US$2 million US$1 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A(2009) N/A(2009) N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 62 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 35 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 54 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 142 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 83 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 117 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 77 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 40 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 37 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 30 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 118 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

N/A

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 109 Score: 57.0 (Mostly Unfree) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

747 km2 (2006)

Capital

Nuku'alofa (2009)

Currency

pa'anga (TOP) (2009)

Government type

constitutional monarchy (2009)

Languages

Tongan, English

Religions

Christian (Free Wesleyan Church claims over 30,000 adherents)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
0.09 million 0.1 million 0.1 million 0.1 million 0.11 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
17.6% 21.2% 23.2% 23.5%
Population median age

21 years (2010)

Population growth rate

0.4% (2011)

Life expectancy

72 years (2010)

Adult literacy

99% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:3
Civil Liberties:3 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

81.34% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

25% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

1.7002 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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