Source
Central bank

N/A

International Reserves

N/A

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 29.93 billion (2010 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

46.976 billion of International dollars (2010 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
20.4% 15.8% 17.1% 14.7% 13% 11.4% 11.6% 14.7%
2009 2010 2011 2012*        
6.1% 9.2% 14.7% 7%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 5,331 (2007 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$8,367 International Dollars (2007 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015**
N/A N/A 0.02% 0.05% 0.06%

**Forecast

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector

(Data released on February 2012)

  • agriculture: 7.8% 
  • industry: 24.1% 
  • services: 68.1% (2011 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

(Data released on March 2012)

Inflation
2009 2010 2011 2012*
-2.7%(2008) 4.5% 5.8% 6.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2009 2010 2011 2012*
N/A N/A N/A(2009) N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

(Data released on December 2011)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
2.8% 2.6% 11.8% 15.4% 19.8%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012**
10% 7.6% 2.3% 3.5% 4.1%

*Estimate    **Forecast

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's rating: N/A

Moody's outlook: N/A

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Dec 2011 and Nov 2012)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies in Turkmenistan

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ 634 million (2010 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

2.1% of GDP (2010 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

51.7% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.07%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

N/A(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$16.16 billion (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

gas, crude oil, petrochemicals, textiles, cotton fiber

Total imports

US$10.43 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

China 59%, Turkey 4.9%, Italy 4.6%, UAE 4.3% (2011)

Imports - major partners

Turkey 21.1%, Russia 14.1%, China 11.1%, UAE 8%, Germany 5.8% (2011)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$4,553 million US$3,631 million(2009) US$3,186 million(2009)
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
N/A N/A(2009) N/A(2009) N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: N/A(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: N/A(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: N/A

Registering Property: N/A

Getting credit: N/A

Protecting investors: N/A

Trading across border: N/A

Paying Taxes: N/A

Dealing with Construction Permits: N/A

Getting Electricity: N/A

Resolving Insolvency: N/A

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

N/A

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 168 Score: 43.8 (Repressed) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

488,100 km2 (2006)

Capital

Ashgabat (Ashkhabad) (2009)

Currency

Turkmen manat (TMM) (2009)

Government type

republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch (2009)

Languages

Turkmen 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%

Religions

Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
N/A N/A 4.64 million 5.61 million 6.08 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
46.4% 47.1% 45.8% 48.7%
Population median age

25 years (2010)

Population growth rate

1.2% (2011)

Life expectancy

65 years (2010)

Adult literacy

100% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

49.60% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

40.77 (1998)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:7
Civil Liberties:7 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

79.48% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

5% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Ashkhabad: 206th (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

9.6717 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)