Source
Central bank

N/A

International Reserves

US$ 25.893 billion (Source: World Bank; Data updated: 2013)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 188 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

386 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
7.3% 7.8% 7.5% 7.0% 7.1% 5.7% 5.4% 6.4%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
6.2% 5.2% 5.4% 5.6%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 2,073 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$4,256 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0.14% 0.18% 0.26% 0.39% 0.42%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 19.3% 
  • industry: 38.5% 
  • services: 42.2% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
18.7% 9.1% 6.6% 6.3%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
4.5% 4.5% 4.4% 4.4%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
51.6% 47.6% 50.5% 55.0% 58.7%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-2.8% -1.1% -4.8% -5.7% -6.7%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BB-

Moody's rating: B1

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010* 2011 2012**
US$37 billion US$26 billion US$38.2 billion

*2010 Estimate    **2012 Estimate 

Largest companies in Vietnam

 Petrovietnam Gas, Vietin Bank

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ -2.1 billion (2011 estimate)(After 2008)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-1.6% of GDP (2011 estimate)(2009)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

77.5% (2010)

(Data released on April 2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.53%(2007)

(Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.21% (2011)(2007)

(Data were released in 2012)

Total exports

US$114.6 billion (2012 estimate) 

Export commodities

clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery

Total imports

US$114.3 billion (2012 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and equipment, petroleum products, steel products, raw materials for the clothing and shoe industries, electronics, plastics, automobiles

Exports - major partners

US 18%, China 11%, Japan 11%, Germany 3.7% (2011 estimate)

Imports - major partners

China 22%, South Korea 13.2%, Japan 10.4%, Taiwan 8.6%, Thailand 6.4%, Singapore 6.4% (2011 estimate)

FDI inflows
2009 2010 2011
US$7,600 million US$8,000 million(2009) US$7,430 million(2009)
FDI outflows
2009 2010 2011  
US$700 million US$900 million US$950 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2008 2009 2010 2011
US$25 million N/A(2009) US$59 million(2009) N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2010(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2011(Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A(2008 estimate)

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project (Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 185. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.)

Overall ranking: 99 out of 185 countries(2009) (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 108 out of 185 countries(2009)

Enforcing Contracts: 44 out of 185 countries

Registering Property: 48 out of 185 countries

Getting credit: 40 out of 185 countries

Protecting investors: 169 out of 185 countries

Trading across border: 74 out of 185 countries

Paying Taxes: 138 out of 185 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 28 out of 185 countries

Getting Electricity: 155 out of 185 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 149 out of 185 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

75

(2012)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 136 Score: 51.3 (Mostly Unfree) (2009)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Total area

331,689 km2 (2006)

Capital

Hanoi (2009)

Currency

dong (VND) (2009)

Government type

Communist state (2009)

Languages

Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

Religions

Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)

Total population
1980 1990 2000 2012* 2017**
54.18 million 66.02 million 77.64 million 90.39 million 95.94 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2011
14.7% 19.2% 24.3% 31%
Population median age

28 years (2010)

Population growth rate

1% (2011)

Life expectancy

75 years (2010)

Adult literacy

93% (2005/2010)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

38.45% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

35.57 (2008)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:7
Civil Liberties:5 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

154.85% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

35.07% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Hanoi: 136th (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

1.637 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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