Source
Central bank

N/A

International Reserves

US$ 25.893 billion (Source: World Bank; Data updated: 2013)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

US$ 188 billion (2014 estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

386 billion of International dollars (2014 estimate)

Real GDP growth
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
7.3% 7.8% 7.5% 7.0% 7.1% 5.7% 5.4% 6.4%
2011 2012 2013 2014*        
6.2% 5.2% 5.4% 5.6%        

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

US$ 2,073 (2014 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

$4,256 International Dollars (2014 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2014*
0.14% 0.18% 0.26% 0.39% 0.42%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 19.3% 
  • industry: 38.5% 
  • services: 42.2% (2013 estimate)
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2011 2012 2013 2014*
18.7% 9.1% 6.6% 6.3%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2011 2012 2013 2014*
4.5% 4.5% 4.4% 4.4%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
51.6% 47.6% 50.5% 55.0% 58.7%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014*
-2.8% -1.1% -4.8% -5.7% -6.7%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BB-

Moody's rating: B1

Moody's outlook: STA

(Foreign Currency Government Bond Ratings; Data last updated Sept 2014)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2010* 2011 2012**
US$37 billion US$26 billion US$38.2 billion

*2010 Estimate    **2012 Estimate 

Largest companies in Vietnam

 Petrovietnam Gas, Vietin Bank

 
 
Source
Current account balance

US$ 8.164 billion (2014 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

4.346% of GDP (2014 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

80.0% (2012)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.62% (2012)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.22% (2012)

Total exports

US$128.9 billion (2013 estimate) 

Export commodities

clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery

Total imports

US$121.4 billion (2013 estimate) 

 
 
Source
Import commodities

machinery and equipment, petroleum products, steel products, raw materials for the clothing and shoe industries, electronics, plastics, automobiles

Exports - major partners

US 17.8%, Japan 11.8%, China 11.2%, South Korea 5%, Malaysia 4.1% (2012)

Imports - major partners

China 25.8%, South Korea 13.9%, Japan 10.4%, Singapore 6%, Thailand 5.2%, US 4.3% (2012)

FDI inflows
2011 2012 2013
US$7,519 million US$8,368 million US$8,900 million  
FDI outflows
2011 2012 20013  
US$950 million US$1,200 million US$1,956 million  
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2010 2011 2012 2013
US$57 million US$0 US$21 million US$7 million
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2012 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2013 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1 - 189. A high ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

 

Overall ranking: 99 out of 189 countries (2013)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 109 out of 189 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 46 out of 189 countries

Registering Property: 51 out of 189 countries

Getting credit: 42 out of 189 countries

Protecting investors: 157 out of 189 countries

Trading across border: 65 out of 189 countries

Paying Taxes: 149 out of 189 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 29 out of 189 countries

Getting Electricity: 156 out of 189 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 149 out of 189 countries

(2013)

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

68

(2014-2015)

 

 

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 147 Score: 50.8 (Mostly Unfree) (2014)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed )

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+7

Total area

 331,210 sq km

Capital

Hanoi (Ha Noi)

Currency

dong (VND)

Government type

Communist state

Languages

Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

 

Religions

Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
66.017 million 77.635 million 86.933 million 90.63 million 95.473 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
14.7% 19% 24% 32%
Population median age

29.2 years (est. 2014)

Population growth rate

1% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

72.91 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

93.4% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

38.45% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

35.57 (2008)

(Data were released in 2011, 0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights:7
Civil Liberties:5 (2011)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

154.85% (2011)

(sum of fixed telephone lines and mobile cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

35.07% (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2011)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Hanoi: 136th (2011)

Source
CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

1.637 (Data were released in 2012 and refer to 2009)

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