Of the 192 countries, South Sudan grew at the lowest rate with Libya, San Marino, Yemen, Greece, Venezuela, Ukraine, Central African Republic and Puerto Rico following it in the list of the lowest growing countries.

Author: Luca Ventura
Project Coordinator: B Pham
Aleppo, Syria was a prosperous manufacturing hub before the 2011 war.

Growth is slowing all around the world. According to the IMF, economic growth slowed in 2018 to 3.6% and is projected to decline further to 3.3% this year, down from previous forecasts. What a letdown, right? Perhaps because few of us know what is like living in a country with negative gross domestic product (GDP) growth of 10%, 15% or even more than 20%.

Despite some setbacks and disappointments, the world’s economy continues nevertheless to expand. Today humanity is on average richer than at any point in history. But averages never tell the full story. Take the case of Venezuela, once Latin America's richest country. In the years leading up to the 2007-2008 global financial crisis, Venezuela posted double-digit GDP growth rates and, in the blink of an eye, oil prices and production sank, plunging the country into a spiral of mounting debt, poverty and hyperinflation. The IMF now estimates that the country's GDP will fall by 25% in 2009.

Many factors can grind an economy to a halt, especially war and sectarian conflict. Yemen, Sudan and South Sudan all rank amongst the slowest-growing nations in the world, as does Ukraine, whose economy has been profoundly damaged by Russia’s military aggression (as for Syria, the IMF has not even been able to develop any estimated figures in recent years). Nature can also play a role: like all Caribbean countries, Dominica and Puerto Rico were already experiencing a significant economic slowdown when in 2017 they were devastated by Hurricane Maria. Lack of financial preparedness can also hinder growth too: in San Marino, the global economic downturn—compounded with difficulties in the banking sector and a sizable decline in tax revenues—contributed to negative GDP rates; in the oil-rich Equatorial Guinea, the authoritarian regime of president Teodoro Obiang Nguema did not have large enough buffers when crude prices began to decline. 

It would be tempting to think that negative and zero growth are maladies more likely to affect the smallest and most fragile global players. However, it is quite the opposite: not only many small emerging nations rank among the fastest growing economies in the world, but among those countries that lately have been falling behind one can find most Mediterranean EU countries, as well as a few surprises such as Germany, Finland and Switzerland. Even for such economic heavyweights, getting the recipe for prosperity down to a science has proven tricky.

The Gross Domestic Product of a country can be defined as the total monetary value of the goods and services produced within its borders in a year. GDP growth is expressed as a percent. The average growth rate has been calculated using the geometric mean to obtain a ten-year equivalent rate.


GDP Growth by Country (%)

Country 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Avg Change
Venezuela -1.489 4.176 5.626 1.343 -3.894 -6.221 -17.04 -15.671 -18 -25 -7.617
South Sudan n/a n/a -52.429 29.329 2.918 -0.173 -16.737 -5.495 -1.192 8.782 -4.374625
Yemen 7.702 -12.715 2.393 4.824 -0.189 -16.678 -13.621 -5.942 -2.701 2.057 -3.487
Equatorial Guinea -8.924 6.524 8.313 -4.133 0.415 -9.11 -8.817 -4.708 -5.728 -3.973 -3.0141
Greece -55.478 -9.132 -7.3 -3.242 0.74 -0.438 -0.191 1.505 2.098 2.404 -1.9034
San Marino -5.437 -8.334 -7.022 -0.834 -0.702 2.496 2.459 0.602 1.13 0.787 -1.4855
Puerto Rico -0.413 -0.359 0.029 -0.307 -1.19 -1.049 -1.327 -2.379 -2.326 -1.147 -1.0468
Sudan 3.858 -2.825 -17.005 1.963 4.671 1.913 2.938 1.663 -2.131 -2.276 -0.7231
Dominica 0.673 -0.231 -1.07 0.771 4.187 -3.658 2.638 -5.409 -11.966 7.989 -0.6076
Trinidad and Tobago 3.461 -0.192 -0.681 2.272 -1.252 1.918 -6.501 -2.033 0.314 0.008 -0.2686
Central African Republic 3.047 3.301 4.113 -36.7 1.04 4.8 4.531 4.329 4.341 5.044 -0.2154
Barbados -2.173 -0.795 -0.065 -1.366 -0.176 2.211 2.273 -0.168 -0.5 -0.098 -0.0857
Italy 1.687 0.577 -2.819 -1.728 0.114 0.924 1.119 1.597 0.881 0.087 0.2439
Ukraine 4.1 5.466 0.239 -0.027 -6.553 -9.773 2.441 2.525 3.291 2.709 0.4418
Brunei Darussalam 2.652 3.744 0.913 -2.125 -2.508 -0.405 -2.465 1.329 -0.233 4.801 0.5703
Portugal 1.899 -1.827 -4.028 -1.13 0.893 1.822 1.926 2.795 2.08 1.677 0.6107
Jamaica -1.436 1.42 -0.502 0.208 0.573 0.85 1.504 0.658 1.383 1.735 0.6393
Aruba -3.339 3.505 -1.368 4.165 0.904 -0.448 0.483 2.308 1.2 0.7 0.811
St. Vincent and the Grenadines -2.331 0.247 1.299 2.494 0.243 0.836 0.83 0.687 1.959 2.255 0.8519
Micronesia 2.048 3.338 -1.997 -3.922 -2.227 4.955 0.717 2.432 2.069 1.226 0.8639
Iran 5.727 3.062 -7.714 -0.325 3.215 -1.586 12.518 3.732 -3.928 -6.005 0.8696
Croatia -1.473 -0.34 -2.3 -0.429 -0.088 2.401 3.536 2.921 2.708 2.62 0.9493
The Bahamas 1.539 0.613 3.087 -0.41 -0.148 1.045 -1.69 1.473 2.3 2.1 0.9873
Spain 0.015 -0.997 -2.929 -1.706 1.379 3.65 3.169 2.983 2.529 2.131 1.0224
Cyprus 1.334 0.405 -2.879 -5.799 -1.311 1.962 4.812 4.468 3.878 3.463 1.0333
Finland 2.992 2.571 -1.426 -0.759 -0.632 0.135 2.477 2.797 2.429 1.943 1.2527
France 1.949 2.193 0.313 0.576 0.956 1.113 1.171 2.161 1.521 1.297 1.325
Japan 4.192 -0.115 1.495 2 0.375 1.223 0.609 1.929 0.811 0.977 1.3496
Suriname 5.163 5.847 2.697 2.931 0.254 -3.414 -5.56 1.691 2 2.2 1.3809
Belgium 2.744 1.798 0.235 0.201 1.255 1.717 1.489 1.693 1.434 1.291 1.3857
St. Lucia 0.304 4.139 -0.314 -1.995 0.005 0.271 3.891 3.672 0.988 3.319 1.428
Brazil 7.545 3.986 1.928 3.008 0.506 -3.549 -3.313 1.057 1.113 2.055 1.4336
Netherlands 1.341 1.55 -1.031 -0.127 1.424 1.958 2.192 2.869 2.536 1.809 1.4521
Argentina 10.125 6.004 -1.026 2.405 -2.513 2.731 -2.08 2.669 -2.515 -1.201 1.4599
Denmark 1.868 1.336 0.299 0.935 1.616 2.343 2.398 2.266 1.217 1.725 1.5933
Norway 0.692 0.972 2.722 1.044 1.975 1.97 1.187 1.98 1.399 2.009 1.595
Austria 1.837 2.923 0.68 0.026 0.661 1.143 2.04 2.551 2.713 1.976 1.655
Haiti -5.498 5.524 2.885 4.241 2.803 1.211 1.453 1.173 1.484 1.476 1.6752
Azerbaijan 4.789 -1.573 2.203 5.843 2.798 1.05 -3.064 0.107 1.352 3.381 1.6886
South Africa 3.04 3.284 2.213 2.485 1.847 1.194 0.399 1.415 0.787 1.2 1.7864
Switzerland 2.869 1.837 1.006 1.881 2.484 1.267 1.587 1.676 2.531 1.058 1.8196
United Kingdom 1.711 1.645 1.447 2.046 2.948 2.349 1.789 1.823 1.398 1.177 1.8333
Serbia 0.731 2.036 -0.682 2.893 -1.59 1.776 3.34 2.049 4.354 3.499 1.8406
Belarus 7.75 5.55 1.708 0.999 1.651 -3.83 -2.526 2.532 3.031 1.756 1.8621
Samoa -1.963 5.553 0.439 -1.931 1.197 1.652 7.169 2.705 0.724 3.256 1.8801
Slovenia 1.238 0.649 -2.669 -1.132 2.951 2.305 3.068 4.88 4.491 3.387 1.9168
Russia 4.504 5.066 3.7 1.8 0.7 -2.5 0.3 1.647 2.334 1.619 1.917
Marshall Islands 1.087 3.155 2.79 -0.694 -0.627 1.78 4.549 2.554 2.411 2.302 1.9307
Germany 3.939 3.72 0.691 0.602 2.177 1.484 2.157 2.456 1.452 0.754 1.9432
Burundi 5.124 4.033 4.447 5.944 4.494 -3.956 -1.042 0.001 0.149 0.419 1.9613
Kuwait -2.371 9.628 6.625 1.151 0.5 0.593 2.926 -3.482 1.74 2.453 1.9763
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.767 0.908 -0.707 2.351 1.15 3.047 3.215 2.969 3.1 3.1 1.9927
Lebanon 8.037 0.918 2.72 2.619 1.884 0.415 1.606 0.552 0.25 1.3 2.0301
Antigua and Barbuda -7.2 -2.079 3.507 -0.104 4.658 4.026 4.827 3.627 5.326 3.982 2.057
Tunisia 3.511 -1.918 3.998 2.876 2.972 1.153 1.108 1.955 2.479 2.742 2.0876
Canada 3.089 3.147 1.762 2.33 2.868 0.69 1.107 2.979 1.834 1.458 2.1264
Palau 0.269 5.532 4.806 -1.714 3.03 1.038 0.486 -3.691 0.42 2 2.1518
United States 2.564 1.551 2.249 1.842 2.452 2.881 1.567 2.217 2.857 2.331 2.2511
Tonga 3.179 1.831 -1.124 -0.567 2.897 3.503 4.17 2.489 1.814 4.553 2.2745
Belize 3.383 2.163 2.938 0.852 3.692 3.432 -0.588 1.437 3.035 2.497 2.2841
Somalia n/a n/a 1.2 -0.762 0.422 3.843 4.852 2.3 3.1 3.5 2.306875
Vanuatu 1.629 1.223 1.755 1.969 2.304 0.163 3.472 4.413 3.2 3 2.3128
St. Kitts and Nevis -1.466 1.784 -0.656 5.466 6.056 2.147 2.318 1.171 2.986 3.5 2.3306
Bulgaria 1.324 1.915 0.031 1.494 1.838 3.471 3.937 3.811 3.2 3.3 2.3321
Czech Reupublic 2.273 1.778 -0.8 -0.484 2.715 5.309 2.451 4.353 2.913 2.895 2.3403
Angola 4.859 3.472 8.542 4.955 4.823 0.944 -2.58 -0.15 -1.699 0.444 2.361
Comoros 2.151 2.227 2.961 3.518 1.95 1.034 2.157 2.708 2.763 2.797 2.4166
Jordan 2.311 2.587 2.65 2.829 3.098 2.353 2.044 2.116 2 2.2 2.4188
Eswatini 3.794 2.247 4.718 6.421 1.931 0.391 3.222 1.873 0.209 -0.44 2.4366
North Macedonia 3.359 2.34 -0.456 2.925 3.629 3.856 2.848 0.241 2.665 3 2.4407
El Salvador 2.106 3.812 2.814 2.239 1.71 2.395 2.511 2.305 2.536 2.5 2.4928
Sweden 5.992 2.679 -0.299 1.238 2.602 4.457 2.684 2.105 2.342 1.17 2.497
Hungary 0.655 1.658 -1.631 2.094 4.225 3.536 2.281 4.137 4.94 3.6 2.5495
Australia 2.386 2.765 3.875 2.137 2.642 2.461 2.779 2.382 2.811 2.072 2.631
Montenegro 2.7 3.2 -2.724 3.549 1.784 3.39 2.949 4.716 4.501 2.78 2.6845
Cabo Verde 1.467 3.969 1.082 0.803 0.611 1.007 4.706 4.013 4.729 5.019 2.7406
Ecuador 3.525 7.868 5.642 4.947 3.789 0.099 -1.226 2.368 1.054 -1.485 2.7581
Albania 3.707 2.545 1.418 1.024 1.784 2.207 3.347 3.844 4.162 3.664 2.7702
New Zealand 2.011 1.866 2.549 2.192 3.135 4.003 4.187 2.559 2.991 2.519 2.8012
Iceland -3.436 1.882 1.296 4.134 2.083 4.749 6.627 4.604 4.612 1.704 2.8255
Latvia -3.941 6.381 4.035 2.43 1.858 2.972 2.064 4.636 4.77 3.166 2.8371
Mexico 5.118 3.663 3.642 1.354 2.804 3.288 2.922 2.07 1.994 1.627 2.8482
Luxembourg 4.865 2.539 -1.353 3.654 4.297 3.916 2.411 1.546 2.96 2.701 2.8536
Republic of Congo 8.714 3.393 3.829 3.272 6.843 2.619 -2.829 -3.105 0.805 5.448 2.8989
Algeria 3.616 2.823 3.391 2.8 3.8 3.7 3.2 1.4 2.059 2.316 2.9105
Kiribati -0.924 1.595 4.713 4.215 -0.698 10.405 5.13 0.328 2.256 2.273 2.9293
Romania -3.901 2.007 2.077 3.515 3.411 3.872 4.801 6.991 4.127 3.1 3
Tuvalu -3.09 7.89 -3.836 4.577 1.348 9.143 3.035 3.242 4.284 4.072 3.0665
Figi 3 2.7 1.411 4.734 5.604 3.845 0.657 3.023 3.23 3.4 3.1574
Oman 1.956 2.565 9.104 5.103 1.423 4.658 4.979 -0.928 2.087 1.098 3.2045
Slovak Republic 5.042 2.819 1.657 1.491 2.75 4.175 3.125 3.188 4.125 3.691 3.2063
Nicaragua 4.41 6.317 6.496 4.927 4.785 4.769 4.659 4.861 -4 -5 3.2224
Madagascar 0.272 1.446 3.037 2.241 3.33 3.097 4.82 4.307 5.197 5.193 3.2302
Lesotho 6.289 6.664 4.913 2.167 2.967 2.486 3.061 -1.564 1.474 3.867 3.271
South Korea 6.497 3.682 2.292 2.896 3.341 2.79 2.929 3.063 2.668 2.552 3.271
Grenada -0.511 0.765 -1.155 2.351 7.344 6.443 3.736 5.059 4.777 4.218 3.3027
Uruguay 7.803 5.162 3.538 4.638 3.239 0.371 1.69 2.657 2.1 1.9 3.3098
Taiwan Province of China 10.631 3.805 2.064 2.202 4.021 0.806 1.512 3.079 2.63 2.505 3.3255
Hong Kong SAR 6.768 4.815 1.7 3.102 2.762 2.388 2.176 3.838 3.021 2.727 3.3297
Lithuania 1.639 6.043 3.827 3.499 3.537 2.021 2.353 4.14 3.446 2.918 3.3423
Bahrain 4.337 1.984 3.728 5.416 4.351 2.871 3.465 3.804 1.829 1.845 3.363
Guatemala 2.869 4.162 2.97 3.689 4.174 4.14 3.092 2.76 3.1 3.49 3.4455
Liberia 6.351 7.7 8.42 8.836 0.695 0.007 -1.63 2.469 1.242 0.44 3.453
The Gambia 6.521 -4.322 5.647 4.801 -0.94 5.868 0.406 4.558 6.6 5.395 3.4534
Chad 13.598 0.12 8.807 5.753 6.893 1.77 -6.431 -3.143 3.089 4.4461 3.4917
Namibia 6.039 5.091 5.062 5.615 6.352 6.086 0.642 -1.948 -0.087 1.38 3.5232
Morocco 3.816 5.246 3.01 4.535 2.669 4.55 1.126 4.087 3.057 3.18 3.5276
Poland 3.607 5.017 1.608 1.392 3.318 3.839 3.063 4.806 5.099 3.769 3.5518
Kosovo 3.309 4.377 2.81 3.442 1.222 4.103 4.063 4.226 4 4.2 35.5752
Chile 5.825 6.119 5.332 4.049 1.769 2.307 1.694 1.257 4.022 3.397 3.5771
Saudi Arabia 5.039 9.997 5.411 2.674 3.678 4.106 1.671 -0.742 2.215 1.783 3.5832
United Arab Emirates 1.595 6.93 4.485 5.053 4.399 5.065 2.988 0.79 1.692 2.849 3.5846
Estonia 2.259 7.597 4.307 1.936 2.889 1.9 3.489 4.857 3.866 3 3.61
Costa Rica 4.952 4.307 4.797 2.269 3.515 3.632 4.246 3.397 2.67 2.925 3.671
Honduras 3.731 3.836 4.129 2.792 3.058 3.84 3.752 4.93 3.696 3.36 3.7124
Libya 3.176 -66.657 124.709 -36.829 -53.017 -13.023 -7.389 64.014 17.879 4.27 3.7133
Thailand 7.514 0.84 7.243 2.687 0.984 3.134 3.356 4.024 4.129 3.471 3.7382
Colombia 4.347 7.363 3.903 4.567 4.729 2.956 2.087 1.351 2.657 3.537 3.7498
Israel 5.541 5.15 2.214 4.284 3.907 2.586 4.008 3.457 3.282 3.3 3.7729
Mauritius 4.377 4.077 3.496 3.36 3.745 3.553 3.838 3.809 3.76 3.86 3.7975
Nigeria 11.259 4.887 4.279 5.394 6.31 2.653 -1.617 0.806 1.937 2.147 3.8055
Timor-Leste 8.478 7.674 5.547 2.49 4.146 3.955 5.321 -4.6 0.8 5 3.8811
Egypt 5.147 1.765 2.226 3.302 2.916 4.372 4.347 4.181 5.314 5.488 3.9058
Gabon 6.27 7.092 5.251 5.517 4.435 3.879 2.091 0.499 1.221 3.145 3.94
Guyana 4.371 5.437 5.039 5.018 3.898 3.055 3.356 2.141 3.417 3.815 3.9547
Pakistan 2.581 3.624 3.837 3.683 4.053 4.058 4.563 5.373 5.227 2.905 3.9904
Kyrgyz Republic -0.472 5.956 -0.088 10.915 4.024 3.876 4.336 4.74 3.459 3.759 4.0505
Malawi 6.874 4.854 1.886 5.2 5.7 2.95 2.27 4 3.17 4 4.0904
Armenia 2.2 4.7 7.134 3.3 3.606 3.254 0.261 7.479 5.028 4.556 4.1518
Mauritania 4.774 4.704 5.795 6.09 5.58 0.347 1.840 3.014 3.006 6.354 4.1595
Guinea-Bissau 4.611 8.085 -1.713 3.256 0.965 6.134 6.263 5.919 3.8 5 4.232
Moldova 7.1 5.818 -0.59 9.044 5 -0.338 4.409 4.691 4 3.5 4.2634
Eritrea 2.194 8.722 6.983 4.65 2.868 2.586 1.85 5.012 4.192 3.768 4.2825
Kazakhstan 7.3 7.4 4.8 6 4.2 1.2 1.1 4.1 4.1 3.204 4.3404
Mali 5.413 3.241 -0.837 2.304 7.076 6.17 5.765 5.401 4.9 5 4.4433
S,,o TomÈ and Prìncipe 6.672 4.398 3.142 4.815 6.55 3.82 4.179 3.875 3 4 4.4451
Cameroon 3.423 4.129 4.543 5.404 5.884 5.651 4.648 3.549 4.047 4.299 4.5577
Soloman Islands 6.809 13.196 4.55 3.018 2.25 2.542 3.457 3.534 3.386 2.882 4.5629
Peru 8.451 6.452 5.951 5.837 2.394 3.274 4.043 2.475 3.994 3.933 4.6804
Seychelles 5.945 5.379 3.68 6.018 4.531 4.911 4.503 5.285 3.597 3.431 4.728
Georgia 6.249 7.222 6.351 3.387 4.624 2.881 2.847 4.833 4.708 4.591 4.7693
Paraguay 11.144 4.249 -0.539 8.417 4.861 3.08 4.313 4.958 4.723 3.49 4.7696
Nepal 4.816 3.422 4.781 4.129 5.989 3.323 0.589 7.906 6.29 6.536 4.7781
Papua New Guinea 10.125 1.107 4.648 3.83 15.421 5.299 1.711 2.374 0.001 3.767 4.8283
Bolivia 4.127 5.204 5.122 6.796 5.461 4.857 4.264 4.195 4.3 4 4.8326
Benin 2.11 2.96 4.814 7.196 6.352 2.097 3.969 5.831 6.545 6.454 4.8328
Afghanistan 8.438 6.479 13.968 5.683 2.697 0.988 2.164 2.665 2.3 3 4.8382
Botswana 8.564 6.048 4.456 11.343 4.149 -1.698 4.304 2.908 4.592 3.914 4.858
Zambia 10.298 5.565 7.598 5.057 4.698 2.92 3.757 3.396 3.477 3.088 4.9854
Singapore 15.24 6.516 4.271 4.952 4.116 2.505 2.844 3.929 3.231 2.312 4.9916
Sierra Leone 5.347 6.312 15.178 20.72 4.555 -20.493 6.354 3.771 3.728 5.428 5.09
Uganda 7.666 6.821 2.24 4.714 4.561 5.67 2.323 4.977 6.184 6.288 5.1444
Senegal 3.563 1.458 5.117 2.822 6.614 6.367 6.228 7.212 6.156 6.93 5.2467
Sri Lanka 8.016 8.405 9.145 3.396 4.961 5.008 4.469 3.309 3.02 3.5 5.3229
Malaysia 7.528 5.294 5.473 4.694 6.007 5.092 4.223 5.897 4.724 4.66 5.3592
Iraq 6.403 7.546 13.936 7.628 0.738 2.537 13.562 -1.696 0.585 2.798 5.4037
Indonesia 6.378 6.17 6.03 5.557 5.007 4.876 5.033 5.067 5.171 5.237 5.4526
Turkey 8.487 11.113 4.79 8.491 5.167 6.086 3.184 7.441 2.567 -2.537 5.4789
Malta 3.543 1.374 3.675 4.58 8.609 10.553 5.691 6.65 6.392 5.189 5.5256
Togo 6.099 6.398 6.544 6.112 5.921 5.743 5.559 4.4 4.748 5.049 5.6573
Qatar 18.132 13.375 4.687 4.41 3.979 3.658 2.131 1.58 2.184 2.643 5.6779
Mozambique 6.688 7.118 7.198 7.141 7.444 6.594 3.763 3.737 3.3 4 5.6983
Dominican Republic 8.34 3.133 2.717 4.875 7.636 7.033 6.612 4.552 7 5.113 5.7011
Kenya 8.402 6.112 4.563 5.879 5.357 5.718 5.869 4.874 5.955 5.837 5.8566
Guinea 4.219 5.614 5.915 3.934 3.708 3.813 10.458 9.867 5.787 5.92 5.9235
Burkina Faso 8.446 6.627 6.453 5.794 3.326 3.895 5.946 6.317 6.034 5.988 5.9826
Democratic Republic of the Congo 7.108 6.874 7.088 8.482 9.47 6.916 2.4 3.433 3.948 4.339 6.0058
Zimbabwe 19.683 14.197 16.658 1.975 2.383 1.791 0.742 4.704 3.448 -5.249 6.0332
Djibouti 4.147 7.293 4.842 5.001 6 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.0383
Niger 8.36 2.209 11.85 5.268 7.529 4.336 4.927 4.895 5.173 6.532 6.1079
Macao SAR 25.265 21.672 9.237 11.2 -1.201 -21.595 -0.858 9.704 4.708 4.302 6.2434
Vietnam 6.423 6.24 5.247 5.422 5.984 6.679 6.211 6.812 7.076 6.5 6.2594
Myanmar 5.345 5.591 7.333 8.426 7.991 6.993 5.862 6.759 2.101 6.448 6.2849
Maldives 7.093 8.431 2.388 7.281 7.33 2.885 7.289 6.912 6.992 6.303 6.2904
Tanzania 6.359 7.905 5.141 6.784 6.729 6.165 6.867 6.783 6.585 3.996 6.3314
Philippines 7.632 3.66 6.684 7.064 6.145 6.067 6.876 6.685 6.202 6.476 6.3491
Ireland 1.879 3.677 0.193 1.338 8.75 25.01 4.904 7.208 6.813 4.147 6.3919
Bhutan 9.327 9.72 6.428 3.57 3.963 6.183 7.316 7.382 5.782 4.816 6.4487
Panama 5.828 11.314 9.779 6.903 5.067 5.733 4.966 5.321 3.9 6 6.4811
CÙte d'Ivorie 2.018 -4.857 10.864 9.272 8.794 8.843 7.972 7.702 7.414 7.479 6.5501
Tajikistan 6.5 7.4 7.5 7.4 6.7 6 6.9 7.1 7 5 6.75
Bangladesh 6.03 6.494 6.26 6.038 6.314 6.842 7.202 7.584 7.727 7.289 6.778
Cambodia 5.963 7.07 7.313 7.357 7.143 7.036 6.863 6.997 7.251 6.833 6.9826
Ghana 7.942 17.407 8.981 7.934 2.987 2.178 3.448 8.143 5.643 8.79 7.3363
Rwanda 7.319 7.836 8.814 4.678 7.62 8.873 5.965 6.153 8.575 7.8 7.3633
Lao P.D.R. 8.018 7.986 7.805 8.026 7.612 7.27 7.023 6.832 6.5 6.72 7.3792
India 10.26 6.638 5.456 6.386 7.41 7.996 8.17 7.168 7.053 7.257 7.3794
China 10.606 9.5 7.9 7.8 7.3 6.9 6.734 6.757 6.567 6.267 7.6331
Uzbekistan 8.475 8.281 8.18 8.026 8.008 7.872 9.013 8.868 5 5 7.6723
Mongolia 7.313 17.291 12.32 11.649 7.885 2.38 1.168 5.302 6.949 6.25 7.8507
Turkmenistan 9.16 14.72 11.051 10.163 10.346 6.453 6.2 674 6.24 6.284 8.7087
Ethiopia 10.6 11.4 8.7 9.9 10.3 10.4 8 10.148 7.705 7.723 9.4876
Nauru 13.551 11.684 10.087 34.215 36.524 2.808 10.404 3.96 -2.368 -1.019 11.9846

Source: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook April 2019.