Data on life expectancy offers insight into the health of countries around the world and, as such, into their citizens' chances and ability to prosper.

Author: Gilly Wright
Project Coordinator: Denise Bedell, S.J. Yun
life expectancy by country image

The Global Health Observatory World Health Statistics 2014 published by the World Health Organization is based on 2013 figures and is used to help chart global progress towards the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and identify gaps requiring attention. The United Nations Millennium Declaration, signed in September 2000 commits world leaders to combat poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation and discrimination against women. The MDGs are derived from this Declaration, and all have specific targets and indicators.

LIFE EXPECTANCY BY COUNTRY

 
At Birth
(years)
At Age 60
(years)
Healthy
At Birth
(years)
Country Year M F Avg. M F Avg. M F Avg.

Afghanistan

2013 61 62 61 15 17 16 50 50 50
2000 54 56 55 14 16 15 45 45 45
1990 49 50 49 13 15 14      

Albania

2013 73 76 74 18 20 19 64 66 65
2000 68 73 70 15 18 17 60 64 62
1990 67 71 69 15 18 16      

Algeria

2013 70 74 72 17 19 18 62 63 62
2000 68 71 70 17 18 18 59 61 60
1990 66 69 68 16 18 17      

Andorra

2013 79 86 83 23 28 25 70 74 72
2000 76 83 80 21 26 23 67 72 69
1990 74 81 77 19 24 22      

Angola

2013 50 53 52 15 16 16 43 46 44
2000 44 47 46 14 15 15 38 40 39
1990 41 45 43 13 14 14      

Antigua & Barbuda

2013 73 77 75 21 23 22 63 66 64
2000 72 74 73 20 20 20 63 65 64
1990 70 72 71 17 18 17      

Argentina

2013 73 80 76 19 24 22 64 69 67
2000 71 78 75 18 23 21 62 68 65
1990 69 76 73 17 22 20      

Armenia

2013 67 75 71 15 19 17 59 66 62
2000 68 74 71 16 19 18 60 64 62
1990 63 71 67 14 18 16      

Australia

2013 80 85 83 24 27 25 71 74 73
2000 77 83 80 21 25 23 68 72 70
1990 74 80 77 19 23 21      

Austria

2013 79 84 81 22 26 24 68 73 71
2000 75 81 78 20 24 22 66 71 69
1990 72 79 76 18 22 21      

Azerbaijan

2013 70 75 72 17 20 19 61 65 63
2000 64 69 66 16 18 17 56 60 58
1990 60 66 63 15 17 16      

Bahamas

2013 73 78 76 19 23 21 62 67 64
2000 69 76 73 18 23 21 61 65 63
1990 69 74 72 17 20 19      

Bahrain

2013 76 78 77 20 21 20 66 66 66
2000 73 76 74 18 19 18 63 64 63
1990 72 74 73 17 19 18      

Bangladesh

2013 70 72 71 18 19 18 60 62 61
2000 65 65 65 17 18 18 55 55 55
1990 60 59 60 17 17 17      

Barbados

2013 75 81 78 21 25 23 64 68 66
2000 72 78 75 20 23 22 63 66 65
1990 71 77 74 18 22 20      

Belarus

2013 66 78 72 14 22 18 57 68 62
2000 63 75 69 14 20 17 55 65 60
1990 66 76 71 16 21 19      

Belgium

2013 78 83 80 22 25 24 69 72 71
2000 75 81 78 19 24 22 66 71 69
1990 73 79 76 18 23 21      

Belize

2013 72 78 75 19 23 21 61 66 64
2000 69 76 72 17 21 19 59 65 62
1990 69 74 71 18 20 19      

Benin

2013 57 60 59 15 16 16 50 51 50
2000 53 56 54 14 15 15 45 47 46
1990 51 56 53 14 16 15      

Bhutan

2013 68 69 68 19 19 19 59 60 59
2000 60 60 60 17 17 17 52 52 52
1990 53 53 53 16 16 16      

Bolivia
(Plurinational State of)

2013 65 70 68 18 20 19 57 61 59
2000 61 65 63 17 19 18 53 56 54
1990 56 60 58 16 18 17      

Bosnia & Herzegovina

2013 75 80 77 19 22 21 66 70 68
2000 72 78 75 18 21 19 63 68 66
1990 70 75 73 16 19 18      

Botswana

2013 63 65 64 18 18 18 53 55 54
2000 48 47 47 16 17 17 42 41 41
1990 65 66 65 18 17 17      

Brazil

2013 72 79 75 20 23 22 63 68 65
2000 67 74 71 18 21 19 59 64 61
1990 63 70 66 16 19 18      

Brunei Darussalam

2013 76 79 77 20 21 21 68 69 69
2000 74 79 76 19 22 21 67 69 68
1990 71 75 73 17 20 18      

Bulgaria

2013 71 78 75 17 22 20 62 68 65
2000 68 75 71 16 19 18 60 66 63
1990 68 75 71 16 19 18      

Burkina Faso

2013 58 59 59 15 15 15 50 51 51
2000 49 50 49 14 15 15 42 43 42
1990 48 51 50 14 15 15      

Burundi

2013 54 58 56 15 17 16 47 49 48
2000 46 50 48 15 16 15 40 43 41
1990 48 51 49 14 16 15      

Cabo Verde

2013 71 78 75 17 22 20 61 66 64
2000 66 73 70 16 19 18 57 61 59
1990 63 68 66 16 18 17      

Cambodia

2013 70 75 73 22 25 24 60 64 62
2000 58 63 61 19 22 20 49 53 51
1990 51 57 54 16 18 17      

Cameroon

2013 56 58 57 16 17 17 48 49 49
2000 50 52 51 15 16 16 43 44 44
1990 53 56 54 15 16 16      

Canada

2013 80 84 82 23 26 25 71 73 72
2000 77 82 79 21 25 23 68 72 70
1990 74 81 77 19 24 22      

Central African Republic

2013 50 52 51 15 16 16 43 44 44
2000 44 46 45 14 15 15 38 39 38
1990 46 50 48 14 15 15      

Chad

2013 51 53 52 14 15 15 44 45 44
2000 45 47 46 13 15 14 39 40 40
1990 43 47 45 13 15 14      

  Chile

2013 77 83 80 22 26 24 68 72 70
2000 74 80 77 20 24 22 65 70 68
1990 69 76 73 17 21 19      

China

2013 74 77 75 18 21 19 67 69 68
2000 70 73 71 17 20 18 62 66 64
1990 67 71 69 16 19 18      

Colombia

2013 75 81 78 23 25 24 65 69 67
2000 69 78 74 21 24 22 60 66 63
1990 67 75 71 19 22 21      

Comoros

2013 60 63 62 15 17 16 53 55 54
2000 57 60 59 15 16 15 50 52 51
1990 54 58 56 14 16 15      

Congo

2013 58 60 59 17 18 17 50 51 50
2000 52 53 52 16 17 16 45 45 45
1990 55 58 56 16 17 16      

Cook Islands

2013 74 78 76 20 22 21 63 66 64
2000 69 75 72 16 20 18 59 64 61
1990 67 72 69 17 18 17      

Costa Rica

2013 77 81 79 22 25 23 68 71 69
2000 76 79 77 21 23 22 66 69 67
1990 75 78 77 21 22 22      

Cote D'Ivoire

2013 52 54 53 15 16 16 45 46 46
2000 47 49 48 15 16 15 41 42 41
1990 50 54 51 15 17 16      

Croatia

2013 75 81 78 19 24 22 65 70 68
2000 71 78 74 17 21 19 62 68 65
1990 69 76 73 16 20 18      

Cuba

2013 77 80 78 21 23 22 65 68 66
2000 75 79 77 20 23 22 65 68 66
1990 73 76 74 19 21 20      

Cyprus

2013 80 84 82 23 26 24 73 76 74
2000 75 79 77 19 22 21 68 71 70
1990 74 79 76 19 22 20      

Czech Republic

2013 75 81 78 19 24 22 66 71 69
2000 72 78 75 17 21 19 63 69 66
1990 68 75 71 15 19 17      

Democratic People's
Republic of Korea

2013 66 73 70 14 19 17 60 65 63
2000 60 69 65 12 18 16 55 61 58
1990 66 73 70 14 20 17      

Democratic Republic
of the Congo

2013 51 54 52 15 16 15 43 46 44
2000 47 50 48 14 15 15 40 42 41
1990 48 51 49 14 16 15      

Denmark

2013 78 82 80 21 24 23 69 71 70
2000 75 79 77 19 22 21 66 70 68
1990 72 78 75 18 22 20      

Djibouti

2013 60 63 62 15 17 16 52 54 53
2000 55 59 57 15 16 16 48 50 49
1990 55 59 57 15 16 15      

Dominica

2013 72 77 75 21 22 21 61 65 63
2000 73 76 74 20 21 21 63 66 64
1990 72 76 74 19 21 20      

Dominican Republic

2013 73 74 74 21 21 21 62 64 63
2000 72 74 73 22 22 22 63 64 63
1990 68 70 69 19 20 19      

Ecuador

2013 73 79 76 21 24 22 64 68 66
2000 70 76 73 20 23 21 61 65 63
1990 67 72 69 19 21 20      

Egypt

2013 69 74 71 16 19 18 61 63 62
2000 66 71 68 16 18 17 57 60 59
1990 63 67 65 16 18 17      

El Salvador

2013 68 77 73 20 23 22 60 66 63
2000 66 74 70 20 22 21 58 64 61
1990 61 70 65 18 20 19      

Equatorial Guinea

2013 55 57 56 16 17 16 47 48 47
2000 49 52 50 15 16 15 42 44 43
1990 46 49 48 14 15 15      

Eritrea

2013 61 66 64 14 17 15 53 56 55
2000 39 54 45 12 15 14 34 46 39
1990 46 50 48 11 13 12      

Estonia

2013 72 82 77 18 24 22 63 71 67
2000 65 76 71 15 21 19 57 67 62
1990 64 75 70 15 20 18      

Ethiopia

2013 63 66 65 17 19 18 54 57 56
2000 50 53 51 15 17 16 43 45 44
1990 42 48 45 14 15 15      

Fiji

2013 67 73 70 15 19 17 58 63 60
2000 65 70 68 15 17 16 56 60 58
1990 64 68 66 14 16 15      

Finland

2013 78 84 81 22 26 24 68 73 71
2000 74 81 78 19 24 22 66 71 69
1990 71 79 75 17 22 20      

France

2013 79 85 82 23 28 25 69 74 72
2000 75 83 79 20 26 23 67 72 69
1990 73 82 78 20 25 22      

Gabon

2013 62 65 64 18 19 18 53 55 54
2000 59 60 59 17 18 17 50 51 50
1990 60 63 61 17 18 17      

Gambia

2013 60 63 61 16 17 17 52 54 53
2000 55 58 56 16 17 16 48 49 48
1990 50 53 52 15 16 16      

Georgia

2013 71 78 74 18 22 20 62 68 65
2000 68 76 72 17 20 19 60 66 63
1990 67 75 71 17 20 19      

Germany

2013 79 83 81 22 25 24 69 73 71
2000 75 81 78 20 24 22 67 71 69
1990 72 79 76 18 22 20      

Ghana

2013 62 64 63 17 18 17 53 55 54
2000 57 59 58 16 17 17 49 50 50
1990 55 58 57 16 17 16      

Greece

2013 79 84 81 23 26 24 69 73 71
2000 76 81 78 21 23 22 67 71 69
1990 75 80 77 20 23 21      

Grenada

2013 70 77 73 16 23 19 60 66 62
2000 70 76 73 17 22 20 61 65 63
1990 67 74 70 15 20 18      

Guatemala

2013 68 75 72 20 23 21 60 65 62
2000 64 71 68 19 21 20 56 61 58
1990 60 65 62 17 19 18      

Guinea

2013 57 59 58 16 17 16 49 50 50
2000 50 52 51 15 16 15 43 43 43
1990 46 48 47 15 16 15      

Guinea-Bissau

2013 53 55 54 14 15 15 45 47 46
2000 51 53 52 14 15 15 43 45 44
1990 47 52 49 14 15 14      

Guyana

2013 60 67 64 13 17 15 52 57 54
2000 62 67 65 16 18 17 54 58 56
1990 59 67 63 14 18 16      

Haiti

2013 61 64 63 16 18 17 50 53 52
2000 55 57 56 15 16 16 47 49 48
1990 52 56 54 15 16 15      

Honduras

2013 72 77 74 21 23 22 62 65 64
2000 69 73 71 19 22 21 59 62 61
1990 65 69 67 18 20 19      

Hungary

2013 71 79 75 17 22 20 61 68 65
2000 68 76 72 16 21 18 58 66 62
1990 65 74 69 15 19 17      

Iceland

2013 81 84 82 23 26 24 71 73 72
2000 78 82 80 22 24 23 69 72 70
1990 75 81 78 20 24 22      

India

2013 65 68 66 16 18 17 56 59 58
2000 61 63 62 15 17 16 52 53 53
1990 57 58 58 14 16 15      

Indonesia

2013 69 73 71 17 19 18 61 64 62
 2000 65 69 67 16 18 17 57 60 58
1990 60 64 62 15 17 16      

Iran
(Islamic Republic of)

2013 72 76 74 19 20 20 63 65 64
2000 69 71 70 18 18 18 60 61 60
1990 63 64 64 16 16 16      

Iraq

2013 67 74 70 16 19 18 59 64 61
2000 68 73 71 17 20 18 60 62 61
1990 67 71 69 17 19 18      

Ireland

2013 79 83 81 22 26 24 69 73 71
2000 74 79 77 19 22 20 66 70 68
1990 72 78 75 17 21 19      

Israel

2013 81 84 82 23 26 25 71 74 72
2000 77 81 79 21 24 22 67 71 69
1990 75 79 77 20 22 21      

Italy

2013 80 85 83 23 27 25 71 74 73
2000 77 83 80 21 25 23 68 72 70
1990 74 80 77 19 23 21      

Jamaica

2013 72 77 74 20 23 21 61 66 63
2000 68 75 71 19 22 21 60 64 62
1990 69 74 71 19 21 20      

Japan

2013 80 87 84 23 29 26 72 78 75
2000 78 85 81 22 27 25 70 76 73
1990 76 82 79 20 25 23      

Jordan

2013 72 76 74 18 20 19 64 65 64
2000 70 73 72 17 19 18 62 63 62
1990 68 71 70 17 18 17      

Kazakhstan

2013 63 73 68 13 18 16 56 64 60
2000 58 68 63 12 17 15 51 60 56
1990 61 70 66 15 19 17      

Kenya

2013 60 63 61 17 18 18 52 54 53
2000 51 53 52 16 18 17 45 46 45
1990 58 62 60 16 18 17      

Kiribati

2013 64 69 67 16 18 17 56 60 58
2000 61 66 64 15 17 16 53 56 55
1990 57 62 60 15 17 16      

Kuwait

2013 78 79 78 21 21 21 68 67 68
2000 74 76 75 18 18 18 65 65 65
1990 73 74 73 19 18 18      

Kyrgyzstan

2013 66 73 69 16 19 17 58 64 61
2000 62 69 66 15 18 16 55 60 58
1990 62 69 66 16 19 18      

Lao People's
Democratic Republic

2013 65 68 66 16 18 17 56 58 57
2000 58 61 59 15 17 16 50 52 51
1990 51 54 53 14 16 15      

Latvia

2013 69 79 74 16 22 20 61 69 65
2000 65 76 70 15 21 19 57 66 62
1990 64 74 69 15 20 18      

Lebanon

2013 78 82 80 21 25 23 69 71 70
2000 73 76 74 18 20 19 64 66 65
1990 64 71 67 16 18 17      

Lesotho

2013 48 52 50 15 17 16 41 44 43
2000 47 49 48 15 17 16 41 43 42
1990 59 62 61 16 17 17      

Liberia

2013 61 63 62 15 17 16 52 53 52
2000 50 52 51 14 15 15 42 44 43
1990 39 46 42 13 15 14      

Libya

2013 73 77 75 18 21 20 64 65 64
2000 70 74 72 17 19 18 61 62 61
1990 67 70 68 16 18 17      

Lithuania

2013 69 79 74 17 23 20 60 70 65
2000 67 78 72 17 22 20 58 68 63
1990 66 76 71 16 21 19      

Luxembourg

2013 80 84 82 23 26 25 70 73 72
2000 75 81 78 20 24 22 66 71 69
1990 72 79 76 18 22 20      

Madagascar

2013 63 66 64 16 17 17 54 56 55
2000 57 59 58 15 16 16 49 50 49
1990 50 53 51 15 16 15      

Malawi

2013 58 61 60 16 17 16 50 52 51
2000 45 44 44 15 16 15 39 38 38
1990 43 46 45 14 15 15      

Malaysia

2013 72 76 74 18 20 19 63 66 65
2000 69 74 71 16 18 17 61 64 62
1990 68 73 71 16 18 17      

Maldives

2013 77 79 78 20 21 21 67 68 68
2000 67 68 68 16 15 15 59 59 59
1990 60 57 58 14 12 13      

Mali

2013 57 57 57 15 16 16 50 48 49
2000 48 48 48 14 14 14 41 40 41
1990 46 46 46 14 14 14      

Malta

2013 79 82 81 22 24 23 70 72 71
2000 76 80 78 20 23 21 67 70 69
1990 74 78 76 18 21 19      

Marshall Islands

2013 68 73 70 17 20 18 58 61 59
2000 64 68 66 16 18 17 56 59 57
1990 61 65 63 15 17 16      

Mauritania

2013 62 65 63 16 17 16 53 55 54
2000 59 62 60 15 17 16 50 51 51
1990 57 60 58 15 16 16      

Mauritius

2013 70 78 74 18 22 20 62 68 65
2000 68 75 72 16 20 18 60 65 63
1990 66 74 70 15 19 17      

Mexico

2013 73 78 75 20 22 21 65 69 67
2000 72 77 75 20 23 21 64 68 66
1990 68 75 71 20 22 21      

Micronesia
(Federated States of)

2013 68 70 69 16 18 17 59 61 60
2000 66 68 67 16 18 17 57 58 58
1990 65 67 66 16 17 17      

Monaco

2013 79 85 82 23 28 25 70 74 72
2000 76 84 80 21 27 24 67 73 70
1990 74 81 78 20 25 22      

Mongolia

2013 64 72 68 14 18 16 57 64 60
2000 60 66 63 13 16 14 53 58 55
1990 58 64 61 14 16 15      

Montenegro

2013 74 78 76 19 21 20 64 67 66
2000 72 77 75 19 21 20 63 66 64
1990 73 79 76 19 23 22      

Morocco

2013 69 73 71 17 19 18 60 62 61
2000 66 70 68 16 18 17 57 59 58
1990 63 66 64 16 18 17      

Mozambique

2013 53 55 54 16 17 16 46 47 46
2000 46 49 47 14 16 15 40 41 41
1990 41 45 43 14 15 14      

Myanmar

2013 64 68 66 16 17 17 56 59 57
2000 60 64 62 15 17 16 52 55 54
1990 57 61 59 15 16 16      

Namibia

2013 66 70 68 18 19 19 56 60 58
2000 57 57 57 16 17 16 49 49 49
1990 62 64 63 16 16 16      

Nauru

2013 75 83 79 20 27 23 64 69 66
2000 73 81 77 18 25 21 62 68 65
1990 69 77 73 17 23 20      

Nepal

2013 67 70 68 16 18 17 58 60 59
2000 61 63 62 15 17 16 53 54 53
1990 54 55 54 14 16 15      

Netherlands

2013 79 83 81 22 25 24 70 72 71
2000 76 81 78 19 24 22 67 70 69
1990 74 80 77 18 23 21      

New Zealand

2013 80 84 82 24 26 25 71 73 72
2000 76 81 79 21 24 23 67 71 69
1990 73 78 76 18 22 20      

Nicaragua

2013 71 77 74 20 22 21 62 66 64
2000 70 76 73 21 24 22 61 65 63
1990 68 74 71 20 24 22      

Niger

2013 59 59 59 15 16 16 51 51 51
2000 50 50 50 15 15 15 43 42 42
1990 43 43 43 14 15 15      

Nigeria

2013 54 55 55 15 16 16 47 47 47
2000 47 48 47 14 15 15 40 41 41
1990 45 47 46 14 15 15      

Niue

2013 72 78 75 17 21 19 62 66 64
2000 70 76 73 16 20 18 60 65 62
1990 69 75 71 16 19 17      

Norway

2013 80 84 82 23 26 24 69 72 71
2000 76 82 79 20 24 22 66 70 68
1990 74 80 77 18 23 21      

Oman

2013 74 79 76 19 22 20 65 67 66
2000 71 75 72 17 19 18 62 63 62
1990 66 70 68 16 18 17      

Pakistan

2013 65 67 66 17 18 17 56 57 57
2000 62 64 63 17 18 17 53 54 54
1990 59 61 60 17 18 17      

Palau

2013 71 75 73 17 20 18 61 64 63
2000 68 71 70 16 18 17 59 61 60
1990 65 68 66 15 17 16      

Panama

2013 74 80 77 22 25 24 65 70 67
2000 74 79 76 21 24 23 64 68 66
1990 72 76 74 20 22 21      

Papua New Guinea

2013 60 65 62 13 17 15 52 55 53
2000 56 61 59 12 16 14 49 52 50
1990 53 59 56 12 15 13      

Paraguay

2013 72 78 75 20 23 21 63 67 65
2000 71 77 74 19 23 21 62 65 64
1990 71 76 73 19 22 21      

Peru

2013 76 79 77 22 24 23 66 68 67
2000 70 74 72 19 21 20 61 64 62
1990 68 72 70 20 22 21      

Philippines

2013 65 72 69 15 19 17 57 63 60
2000 66 73 69 17 20 19 57 62 60
1990 63 70 66 17 19 18      

Poland

2013 73 81 77 19 24 21 63 71 67
2000 70 78 74 17 22 19 61 68 65
1990 67 76 71 15 20 18      

Portugal

2013 78 84 81 22 26 24 68 73 71
2000 73 80 77 19 23 21 65 70 68
1990 71 78 74 18 22 20      

Qatar

2013 79 80 79 22 22 22 68 67 68
2000 77 76 77 21 20 20 66 64 65
1990 74 76 75 19 20 19      

Republic of Korea

2013 78 85 82 22 27 24 70 75 73
2000 73 80 76 18 23 21 65 71 68
1990 68 76 72 15 20 18      

Republic of Moldova

2013 66 75 70 15 19 17 59 66 62
 2000 64 71 67 14 17 16 57 62 60
1990 65 72 68 15 19 17      

Romania

2013 71 78 74 18 22 20 63 69 66
2000 68 75 71 17 20 19 60 66 63
1990 66 73 70 17 19 18      

Russian Federation

2013 63 75 69 14 20 17 55 66 61
2000 59 72 65 13 19 17 51 63 57
1990 63 74 69 15 20 18      

Rwanda

2013 64 67 65 17 19 18 55 57 56
2000 46 47 46 15 16 15 39 40 40
1990 46 50 48 14 15 15      

Saint Kitts & Nevis

2013 71 78 74 17 21 19 60 66 63
2000 68 74 71 17 19 18 60 64 62
1990 65 71 68 16 19 17      

Saint Lucia

2013 72 79 75 19 23 21 60 66 63
2000 71 77 74 20 22 21 62 65 63
1990 70 74 72 19 21 20      

Saint Vincent &
the Grenadines

2013 72 76 74 20 22 21 61 65 63
2000 67 73 70 18 21 19 59 63 61
1990 69 75 72 18 21 19      

Samoa

2013 70 77 73 16 21 19 62 67 64
2000 67 74 70 15 19 17 59 64 61
1990 63 69 66 14 18 15      

San Marino

2013 83 84 83 25 26 25 73 73 73
2000 78 85 82 22 26 24 69 74 72
1990 76 83 79 20 25 23      

Sao Tome & Principe

2013 65 69 67 17 19 18 56 59 57
2000 61 65 63 17 18 18 53 55 54
1990 59 63 61 17 18 17      

Saudi Arabia

2013 74 78 76 18 21 19 65 66 65
2000 71 75 73 17 19 18 61 63 62
1990 67 71 69 16 18 17      

Senegal

2013 63 66 64 15 17 16 55 56 55
2000 56 59 57 15 16 16 48 49 49
1990 56 59 57 15 16 16      

Serbia

2013 72 77 75 17 20 19 63 67 65
2000 69 75 72 16 19 18 61 65 63
1990 69 75 72 17 20 19      

Seychelles

2013 70 78 74 17 23 20 63 71 67
2000 67 77 72 16 21 19 61 69 65
1990 64 75 69 14 21 17      

Sierra Leone

2013 46 46 46 12 13 13 39 40 39
2000 38 39 39 11 11 11 33 33 33
1990 38 38 38 11 11 11      

Singapore

2013 81 85 83 23 27 25 75 78 76
2000 76 81 79 20 24 22 70 73 71
1990 73 78 75 18 21 20      

Slovakia

2013 72 80 76 18 23 21 63 70 67
2000 69 77 73 16 21 19 60 68 64
1990 66 75 71 15 20 18      

Slovenia

2013 77 84 80 21 26 23 66 72 69
2000 72 80 76 18 23 21 63 69 66
1990 70 78 74 17 21 19      

Solomon Islands

2013 67 70 69 16 18 17 59 61 60
2000 64 67 65 15 17 16 55 57 56
1990 61 63 62 15 16 15      

Somalia

2013 53 56 54 16 17 16 45 47 46
2000 49 52 50 15 16 15 42 44 43
1990 45 50 47 14 15 15      

South Africa

2013 57 64 60 14 19 17 49 54 52
2000 55 62 59 13 18 16 48 53 51
1990 59 66 62 13 17 15      

South Sudan

2013 55 57 56 16 17 16 48 49 48
2000 47 50 49 15 16 15 41 42 42
1990 41 44 42 13 14 14      

Spain

2013 80 86 83 23 28 25 71 75 73
2000 76 83 79 21 25 23 68 73 70
1990 73 81 77 19 24 22      

Sri Lanka

2013 72 78 75 18 22 20 63 68 65
2000 65 75 70 17 20 18 57 65 61
1990 65 75 69 18 21 19      

Sudan

2013 61 65 63 17 18 17 52 54 53
2000 57 60 58 16 17 17 48 50 49
1990 54 57 55 16 17 16      

Suriname

2013 74 80 77 21 25 23 63 68 65
2000 71 77 74 20 24 22 61 65 63
1990 71 76 73 19 22 21      

Swaziland

2013 53 53 53 17 17 17 45 45 45
2000 48 49 48 16 16 16 41 42 41
1990 62 61 61 16 15 16      

Sweden

2013 80 84 82 23 25 24 70 73 72
2000 78 82 80 21 24 23 68 72 70
1990 75 81 78 19 23 21      

Switzerland

2013 81 85 83 24 27 25 71 74 72
2000 77 83 80 21 25 23 68 72 70
1990 74 81 78 19 24 22      

Syrian Arab Republic

2013 73 78 76 18 22 20 65 67 66
2000 72 75 73 18 20 19 62 64 63
1990 69 71 70 17 18 18      

Tajikistan

2013 68 70 69 17 17 17 60 61 60
2000 63 65 64 17 16 17 56 57 56
1990 62 65 64 17 18 18      

Thailand

2013 71 79 75 19 23 21 63 69 66
2000 66 75 70 18 22 20 58 65 62
1990 66 72 69 16 19 18      

The former YugoslavRepublic of
Macedonia

2013 74 78 76 18 21 19 64 68 66
2000 71 76 73 17 19 18 62 66 64
1990 70 75 72 18 20 19      

Timor-Leste

2013 65 69 67 16 18 17 56 59 57
2000 58 60 59 15 16 16 49 51 50
1990 48 51 50 13 15 14      

Togo

2013 57 60 58 16 17 17 49 51 50
2000 54 56 55 16 16 16 46 47 47
1990 54 57 55 16 17 16      

Tonga

2013 74 70 71 19 18 18 64 61 62
2000 68 71 69 16 18 17 60 61 60
1990 64 74 68 14 19 17      

Trinidad & Tobago

2013 67 74 71 16 20 18 58 63 60
2000 66 73 69 15 20 17 58 63 60
1990 65 71 68 15 18 17      

Tunisia

2013 74 78 76 20 22 21 65 68 66
2000 71 75 73 19 20 19 63 65 64
1990 69 72 70 18 19 19      

Turkey

2013 72 79 75 19 23 21 63 67 65
2000 67 74 70 17 21 19 58 63 61
1990 62 68 65 16 20 18      

Turkmenistan

2013 60 68 64 15 17 16 53 59 56
2000 58 65 62 14 16 15 52 57 54
1990 59 65 62 14 17 16      

Tuvalu

2013 66 70 68 15 18 16 57 60 59
2000 62 66 64 14 17 15 53 57 55
1990 59 64 62 13 16 14      

Uganda

2013 57 61 59 16 17 17 49 52 50
2000 44 46 45 14 16 15 38 40 39
1990 44 49 47 14 16 15      

Ukraine

2013 66 76 71 15 20 18 59 67 63
2000 62 73 68 14 19 17 55 65 60
1990 65 75 70 15 20 18      

United Arab Emirates

2013 76 78 77 19 20 20 67 67 67
2000 73 75 74 18 19 18 64 64 64
1990 71 73 72 17 18 17      

United Kingdom of
Great Britain &
Northern Ireland

2013 79 83 81 22 25 24 69 72 71
2000 76 80 78 20 23 21 66 70 68
1990 73 79 76 18 22 20      

United Republic
of Tanzania

2013 61 65 63 17 18 18 52 55 53
2000 50 51 50 16 17 16 43 44 43
1990 49 52 51 15 16 16      

United States
of America

2013 76 81 79 22 24 23 68 71 69
2000 74 80 77 20 23 22 66 70 68
1990 72 79 75 19 23 21      

Uruguay

2013 74 81 77 19 25 22 65 70 68
2000 71 79 75 18 23 21 63 68 66
1990 69 76 73 17 21 19      

Uzbekistan

2013 67 72 69 16 18 17 59 62 61
2000 63 69 66 15 18 17 56 60 58
1990 63 70 67 16 20 18      

Vanuatu

2013 71 74 72 17 19 18 61 64 62
2000 67 71 69 16 18 17 58 60 59
1990 64 67 66 15 17 16      

Venezuela 
(Bolivarian Republic of)

2013 72 80 76 22 25 23 63 69 66
2000 71 77 74 20 22 21 62 67 64
1990 70 74 72 18 20 19      

Viet Nam

2013 71 80 76 19 25 22 62 70 66
2000 69 78 73 18 24 21 60 67 63
1990 66 75 70 18 23 20      

 Yemen

2013 63 66 64 15 17 16 54 55 55
2000 59 62 61 15 17 16 51 52 51
1990 56 59 58 15 16 16      

Zambia

2013 57 60 58 16 18 17 49 51 50
2000 40 43 41 14 16 15 35 37 36
1990 40 47 43 14 16 15      

Zimbabwe

2013 56 61 59 17 19 18 48 52 50
2000 42 42 42 15 16 16 37 36 37
1990 60 64 62 17 18 18      

In 2012, life expectancy for both sexes from birth was 70 years, ranging from 62 years in low-income countries to 79 years in high-income countries, giving a ration of 1:3 between the two income groups. Women live, on average, five years longer than men - the same gap as recorded in 1990, although they live more than six years longer in high-income countries and around three years longer in low-income countries.

There are nine countries with life expectancy over 80 years at birth for men, with Iceland heading the pack at 81.2 years, followed by Switzerland (80.7) and Australia (80.5). For women the top 10 countries all have a life expectancy of 84 years or longer. Women in Japan have the highest life expectancy in the world, at 87 years, followed by Spain, Switzerland and Singapore all with 85.1 years.

Life expectancy at birth has increased by six years since 1990, although it decreased in Africa owing to the impact of HIV/AIDS, but life expectancy has begun to increase since the increasing availability of antiretroviral therapy has reduced the spread of the epidemic in the region. As a result, average life expectancy at birth in Africa had increased to 58 years in 2012, whereas it was only 50 years in 2000.

The top six countries that made the greatest progress since 1990 in extending life expectancy were Liberia (by 19.7 years) followed by Ethiopia, Maldives, Cambodia, Timor-Leste and Rwanda.

Among high-income countries, the average gain in life expectancy was 5.1 years, ranging from 0.2 years in the Russian Federation to 9.2 years in the Republic of Korea.

Child survival rates improved significantly between 2000 and 2012: The under-five mortality rate fell from 75 to 48 deaths per 1000 live births.


Is Life Expectancy Linked With Population Distribution?


RATING HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS

Health at a Glance 2013 OECD Indicators provides the latest comparable data on different aspects of the performance of healthcare systems in OECD countries. It reports that in one-in-three OECD countries, total healthcare spending fell between 2009 and 2011, with those hardest hit by the economic crisis being the most affected. 

More than three-quarters of OECD countries reported a cut in spending on prevention programmes in 2011 over 2010, and half spent less than in 2008. The report warns that any short-term benefits to budgets are likely to be greatly outweighed by the long-term impact on health spending.

There are indications that Greece’s infant mortality rate, long in decline, has been rising since the crisis started. There is also evidence that more people in countries such as Greece and Italy are foregoing medical care due to financial constraints, reflecting reduced household incomes, but also perhaps rising costs.

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