Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) reveals the most peaceful countries in the world. Despite living in the most peaceful century in human history, the world has become less peaceful over the last seven years. 

Author: Gilly Wright, Valentina Pasquali
Project Coordinator: S.J. Yun

Video Published on June 16, 2015 by the Global Peace Index

INTRODUCTION

The 9th Global Peace Index, produced annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace, measures the state of peace in 162 countries according to 23 indicators that gauge the absence of violence or the fear of violence.

The Global Peace Index (GPI) defines a nation at "peace" as being one "not involved in violent conflicts with neighboring states or suffering internal wars" – which is sometimes called "negative peace" (i.e., absence of war). This is more measurable and can be used as a starting point to identify the attributes of "positive peace" (structures and institutions that create and maintain peace).

The index gauges global peace using three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society, the extent of domestic and international conflict and the degree of militarisation.

Last year the global GPI score remained stable. However, while the average level of global peacefulness was stable, a number of indicators and countries did deteriorate while others improved. Four out of the nine geographical regions experienced an improvement in peace: Europe, North America, sub-Saharan Africa and Central America and the Caribbean. The other five regions became less peaceful. The most substantial changes in the Index occurred in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) where several countries suffered from an upsurge in violence related to sectarian strife and civil conflicts, resulting in the region being ranked as the least peaceful in the world.

The ten highest ranking nations in the GPI are all stable democracies, with Nordic and Alpine countries particularly well represented. Asia-Pacific is also represented at the top, with New Zealand ranked 4th, Japan at 8th and Australia at 9th.


THE TOP 10 PEACEFUL COUNTRIESIN THE WORLD

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