By James Ramage, Katie Martin and Josie Cox

Foreign-exchange trading volumes in the U.S. plunged almost 20% in April from one year earlier, according to data published Monday from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, as steady interest rates and low volatility discouraged investors from making bets.

Average daily volume fell to $811.1 billion in April from $1.007 trillion one year earlier. Daily trading fell 0.6% from October 2013, at $816.3 billion. In the U.K., the biggest currency trading hub, volumes averaged $2.4 trillion a day in April, down 6% from a year earlier but up 7% from October, the Bank of England said.

Foreign-exchange industry insiders report drab conditions in the once vibrant currencies market. Most major currencies have traded in narrow ranges for much of the year as investors wait for greater clarity on when the Federal Reserve will raise interest rates. Central banks in the U.S., Europe and Japan have set rates near zero for years, reducing the opportunities to wager on one currency rising or falling against another.

Citigroup Inc., the world's largest currencies-dealing bank, noted in its research Monday that "FX volatility has plummeted" over the last six months, although the bank envisages a pickup from here.

"With very little happening in the FX market, there is less flow going through market makers," said Saeed Amen, founder of quantitative analysis firm The Thalesians. Many strategists have said that they don't expect markets to pick up until the monetary policy in different major economies diverges markedly.

Dealer banks have alreadystarted feeling the strain from sleepy market conditions. For the 10 largest global investment banks, trading revenue in the fixed-income, currencies and commodities units that comprise foreign-exchange trading plunged 15.7% in the first three months of the year from the same period a year earlier, according to data from research consultancy Coalition.

Write to James Ramage at, Katie Martin at and Josie Cox at

(END) Dow Jones Newswires

July 28, 2014 10:15 ET (14:15 GMT)

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