By Paul Page

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The global shipping industry is bracing for a Donald Trump presidency , fearing the antitrade rhetoric in the campaign could turn into international showdowns that cripple the flow of goods. The timing is especially worrisome to shipping companies, the WSJ's Costas Paris reports, with carriers counting heavily on the U.S. to pull them out of the steepest demand downturn in three decades. Maritime operators worry that a new wave of protectionism could fan out from the U.S. across the trading world, triggering a new wave of tariffs and other barriers that undercut years-long trading relationships. Trade was front-and-center in the presidential campaign, and leaves the prospect that President-elect Donald Trump plans to remake the global trading system, potentially reversing the post-World War II consensus on liberalizing U.S. trade. The WSJ's Bob Davis reports Mr. Trump will have the tools to do that without congressional approval, and could simply withdraw from the North American Free Trade Agreement and the World Trade Organization with little more than a formal notice. The betting in Mr. Trump's camp is that trading partners will believe that access to the U.S. market is too precious to give up without negotiating new deals. Until that happens, however, ocean carriers will have to watch the political winds.

Railroads expect big benefits from a Donald Trump presidency, and the biggest may have little do with the policies toward freight carriers themselves. Oil, coal, mining and minerals companies are likely among the big corporate winners in the transfer of power to a Republican administration, the WSJ's Alex McDonald reports, and those are foundation customers for railroads that have seen their carload business dimmed by crashing commodities trade. Coal, in particular, could be a bright spot, with Mr. Trump promising a complete overhaul of U.S. energy policy, pulling back regulations that weighed on the coal and petroleum sectors and ending U.S. participation in global efforts to curb climate change. Railroads expect big benefits in areas such as corporate tax reform, but the WSJ's Betsy Morris reports carriers also are signaling they're concerned that protectionism in trade could hamper movements of oil and other commodities, including business with Mexico. That was underscored by a double-digit percentage decline in shares of KansasCity Southern in the wake of the election that defied the upturn across the rest of the rail world. The freight carrier has staked much of its future on trade with Mexico, and both investors and the railroad are worried that the border could become a barrier to KCS's growth.

Trucking companies expect a Donald Trump White House to clear a new path to growth for them. After sputtering through several years of tepid demand, truckers are expecting more highway spending to improve roads and a reprieve from regulations that gives them more control over their operations. The American Trucking Associations, the largest group representing trucking companies in Washington, says it has already met with the Donald Trump transition team, the WSJ reports. The questions over how to pay for greater road spending haven't been answered, and even some truckers are critical of suggestions that the Republican administration would start privatizing highways. Any plans will have to go through Republicans in Congress who have been stingy with highway spending dollars for years. Still, the WSJ's Andrew Tangel and Bob Tita report, companies like Caterpillar Inc. that provide construction equipment, as well as industrial suppliers of building materials, also hope to see a long-needed stimulus on the roads.

ECONOMY & TRADE

T here are signs of concern over Donald Trump's potential trade policies in a region that helped boost him to the presidency. Agriculture traders sent futures prices for farm commodities down in the wake of the election, the WSJ's Jacob Bunge and Jesse Newman report, as the U.S. Farm Belt absorbed the prospects for an administration that is tougher on trade and on the big merger deals that are consolidating industry suppliers. Many in farm country want to see the Trans-Pacific Partnership approved, but U.S. Senate leaders say the ambitious multination agreement won't come up in the waning weeks of the current Congress, leaving the pact to wither. Agriculture shipments have been a bulwark for exports, and for freight railroads looking to replace lost energy-goods carloads. The U.S. agricultural industry also may wind up jousting with the Trump administration over immigration, with immigrant workers often providing crucial labor to harvest crops and tend animals.

E-commerce is shaving away a big share of the market for razors, straining relations in one of the retail world's seemingly fundamental supply chains. The latest disruption is coming from Harry's Razor Co., a three-year-old business that started out selling razors online before striking a deal this year to display its goods at Target Corp. stores. The WSJ's Sharon Terlep and Khadeeja Safdar report that it looks like the upstart has taken market share from Procter & Gamble Co.'s Gillette, and thrown dealings between the supplier and its retail customer off balance. The pain point for Target and P&G is the latest example of the upheaval that online selling is triggering in consumer-goods supply chains. P&G is trying to cope with inroads from web-based insurgents like Harry's and Dollar Shave Club, and it started its own online subscription service for razors. That's blurring the lines between the suppliers and sellers, with all sides trying to figure out when they're working together and when they're competing.

QUOTABLE

IN OTHER NEWS

Bankrupt ocean carrier Hanjin Shipping Co. received two final bids for its assets. (WSJ)

General Motors Co. will cut production shifts and lay off 2,000 workers at car assembly plants in Ohio and Michigan in the first quarter amid falling demand for passenger cars. (WSJ)

Industrial parts distributor Johnson Controls International PLC swung to a loss amid costs linked to spinning off its auto-parts business and its merger with Tyco International. (WSJ)

Steelmaker ArcelorMittal returned to profitability in the third quarter on cost cuts and strong demand for cars and construction in the U.S. (WSJ)

American Apparel placed its U.K. outlets into receivership , as the retailer seeks a buyer less than year after it exited bankruptcy in the U.S. (WSJ)

British luxury retailer Burberry Group PLC is cutting the number of products it offers by 15% to 20% after a deep decline in first-half profit. (WSJ)

Airline executives fear a swell of anti-global trade sentiment could lead to slower traffic growth and limit market access. (WSJ)

Judges in China sent 49 people to jail on charges tied to the August 2015 explosions at a Port of Tianjin warehouse that killed at least 165 people. (NPR)

The Global Port Tracker report forecasts 4.4% growth in U.S. container imports this month. (CNBC)

Pfizer Inc. will shut two of its three U.K. manufacturing plants withinfour years, including its global cold chain packaging and distribution site. (The Telegraph)

The World Trade Organization agreed with the U.S. to establish a panel to examine China's export duties and quotas on 11 raw materials. (American Shipper)

Target Corp. named former Wal-Mart Stores Inc. last-mile operations Shekar Natarajan chief as the top executive leading its direct-shipping networks. (WSJ)

Toys R Us Inc. hired Priceline Inc. veteran Amit Poddar to oversee the engineering behind its effort to expand online sales. (Internet Retailer)

The Vancouver, Wash., port wants to develop a bulk or auto handling facility on a 40-acre site. (BreakBulk)

Maersk Line is refining the design of its next megaships to have them carry more than 20,000 ocean containers. (The Loadstar)

ABOUT US

Paul Page is deputy editor of WSJ Logistics Report. Follow him at @PaulPage, and follow the entire WSJ Logistics Report team: @brianjbaskin, @lorettachao and @EEPhillips_WSJ, and follow the WSJ Logistics Report on Twitter at @WSJLogistics.

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Write to Paul Page at paul.page@wsj.com

(END) Dow Jones Newswires

November 10, 2016 06:58 ET (11:58 GMT)

Copyright (c) 2016 Dow Jones & Company, Inc.