Anglo American gets a boost to cash flow from the surge in coal and iron-ore prices
By Scott Patterson and Alexandra Wexler
A year after Anglo American PLC announced one of the most dramatic corporate downsizing efforts ever, the company is dialing back its plan to sell off two-thirds of its mines and shed over half its workers, a people familiar with those plans said.
Though Anglo found its cost-cutting plans tangled in South African politics, the delay has helped the company take advantage of a rebound in commodity prices during the second half ofthis year -- especially in coal and iron-ore -- that have turned some money-losing mines into cash cows, making it harder to justify their sale.
While U.K.-based Anglo, the world's eighth-largest mining company by market capitalization, may still look to divest a number of its low-margin mines, the pressure to dispose of a vast chunk of its assets has eased.
After commodity prices plunged last year, Anglo unveiled what it called a "radical" turnaround plan to sell as many as 29 mining assets and an accompanying 85,000 workers over the next several years. So far, it has sold only nine of those mines and hasn't met the $3 billion to $4 billion target for asset sales that its Chief Executive Mark Cutifani set at the start of this year.
The dialed-back divestment plan highlights how the sharp rebound in commodity prices this year has altered the fortunes of the mining industry. Now, instead of cutting back and hoarding cash, minerscould be on the verge of a new wave of expansion, analysts say.
Glencore PLC, that saw its shares plunge last year, recently said it had finished raising cash to stabilize its balance sheet and then announced a big investment in Russian oil giant PAO Rosneft. Anglo-Australian miner Rio Tinto PLC agreed to a $5.3 billion expansion of a Mongolian copper mine and is moving forward on big ticket bauxite and iron-ore project in Australia.
In 2015, Anglo was among the worst-suffering companies in the global mining industry, which had been racked by almost three years of slumping prices, and was teetering under $12.9 billion of net debt. Anglo posted $5.6 billion in losses that year.
Now, its share price is up nearly 300% in 2016, and it is raking in cash from its coal operations -- businesses it had planned to sell.
The price of metallurgical coal, which is used in steelmaking, has risen four times this year. Iron-ore prices are up 99% on the back of stimulus provided by the Chinese government and cutbacks in production in China, which consumes about 40% of the world's raw materials.
Some analysts have called on Anglo to use money from rising cash flows to pay down its debt instead of selling assets to raise funds. Analysts expect the company to post positive cash flows in 2016, a sharp reversal from a cash outflow of $982 million last year, according to FactSet.
Anglo continues to hold discussions with potential buyers. It successfully sold a few of its assets before the commodity surge, much of which came in the second half of 2016.
In April, it agreed to sell its Brazilian niobium and phosphates businesses to China Molybdenum for $1.5 billion.
But the company is finding it hard to set a price on its assets of late. Anglo was on the verge of selling some prized coal assets in Australia this summer, but then the price of coal surged in a matter of days, prompting Mr. Cutifani to pull back on the deal, a person familiar with the matter said.
Not all buyers are convinced the commodity upturn will last, the person said, and that has made many prospective buyers reluctant to pay the higher prices Anglo is asking for.
"Mark will be looking at me and say, 'Is that the right price for what you are selling?'" said Norman Mbazima, deputy chairman of Anglo American South Africa, in an interview.
Despite their misgivings, "there's certainly no lessening of pressure because of the price of commodities," Mr. Mbazima added, referring specifically to Anglo's operation in South Africa.
Another complicating factor for Anglo is South Africa, where the company had planned to sell as many as 13 of its 23 mining operations.
Anglo is targeting coal mines there, some of which have low profit margins, as well as aging iron-ore operations, which are held in separately listed, majority-owned unit Kumba Iron Ore.
Despite their many ties, the South African government and Anglo have had a strained relationship.
The South African government has made it clear that Anglo should sell to homegrown companies or groups, but few enterprises in the country can afford to buy Anglo's assets.
The government also has made it difficult for Anglo to cut workers at unproductive mines. South African government officials didn't respond to requests for comment.
"When you have to cut costs, it's not easy, when you have a government that isn't being helpful and doesn't appear to like you; you feel a bit lonely, isolated," said Ian Woodley, an analyst for Old Mutual Equities in Cape Town.
Anglo recently has been involved in a price dispute with the state-run power company, which buys some of its coal used in energy production from the mining company. Eskom Holdings SOC accused Anglo of overcharging for coal; Anglohas responded by saying it charged a fair market price.
The Public Investment Corp., South Africa's state-run pension fund, has been pushing Mr. Cutifani to spin off Anglo's assets as a package that includes some coveted platinum mines, a move the CEO has resisted.
The pension fund wields influence as the largest shareholder in Anglo American, Kumba, and Anglo American Platinum, a majority-owned unit of Anglo listed in Johannesburg.
The pension-fund manager declined to comment beyond an August statement saying it was talking with Anglo about finding the "best ways of maximizing value for all the stakeholders."
Write to Scott Patterson at firstname.lastname@example.org and Alexandra Wexler at email@example.com
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
December 23, 2016 02:47 ET (07:47 GMT)
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